Cultural Anthropology

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Cultural Anthropology by Mind Map: Cultural Anthropology

1. Origins of Art

1.1. A time of European expansion of contacting different cultures that allured to the concept of art (Anthropology). This is the very beginning of art to where it was introduced in the Paleolithic Era, originated in Europe, and expanded/revolutionized the New World. Though, through this, different beliefs like ethnocentrism and cultural relativism arrived and are still relative today.

1.2. Four Field Approach: Four interrelated disciplines to study humanity: physical anthropology, archeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology; all in which aid to contribute to the different perspectives of humanity.

1.3. The Age of Discovery is what led to the European Hierarchy in the New World and how the different theories of Eurocentrism and Ethnocentrism arrived in the Art World.

1.4. "By the eighteenth century, the European elite had identified the knowledge and skill to create beautiful, thought-provoking images as an art superior to the production of other artefacts and had established as disciplines the history of art (or at least of artists) and the connoisseurship of artistic value" (Burt, 11).

2. Classical Art

2.1. A period where Hellenomania became present and took over artistic style/form. This showcased high superiority in The New World. Not only were they obsessed with Ancient Greece, but also placed that they believed held biblical antiquity like Ancient Egypt & Mesopotamia. They maintained a high Eurocentric view that showcased art through exploitive capitalism.

2.2. Zeitgeist: Spirit of Age, Spirit of Culture.

2.3. "Continuing arguments over the rightful possession of the Parthenon marbles are the more passionate because they have become symbolic of the cultural heritage not merely of Greece but of Western civilization" (Burt, 23).

3. Oriental Art

3.1. The period where countries east of The New World were coined "The Orient" as being opposite to them. Perspectives within eurocentrism and ethnocentrism were strong in deriving stereotypes towards orientalism. The art forms were appreciated though, not understood by others and were not considered "high" art.

3.2. Zeitgeist: Spirit of Age, Spirit of Culture

3.3. "The "Oriental realm" represented the spirit in a less developed stage, lacking the self-awareness realized in full by contemporary Europe" (Burt, 39).

4. Primitive Art

4.1. The Primitive Man and its origins through anthropology were discovered and compared greatly to others. This showcased differences widely between the colonized and natives, "Savages & Western Societies".

4.2. Eurocentric & Ethnocentric ideology was present and theorized many different view points on "The Primitive Man". This ultimately showed that the Europeans were willfully ignorant to indigenous

4.3. Different theories arose like Unilineal Cultural Evolution, or speculative theories: Higher cultures influenced lower cultures & Higher cultures degenerated from exposure.

4.4. "By the end of the nineteenth century, ethnography curators and other scholars of anthropology were using collections of artefacts to speculate about the development of primitive culture, including primitive art" (Burt, 55).

5. Prehistoric Art

5.1. Different Prehistoric Ages like Stone, Bronze, and Iron Age. The Paleolithic caves projected art in some of its original art form. Archaeology and ethnography showcased the present art forms.

5.2. Prehistoric Art presented Myths like Matriarchal Origins: worshiping mother goddess. This allured to woman figurines, Stonehenge, and the involvement of gender in art.

5.3. "One such theory, developed in the late nineteenth century, revived Ancient Greek ideas to propose that society was originally "matriarchal;" that is, governed by women, whose mysterious powers of reproduction were honored in the worship of a mother-goddess" (Burt, 74).