Fundamentals of Crop Science II

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Fundamentals of Crop Science II by Mind Map: Fundamentals of Crop Science II

1. Planting Site Selection and Evaluation

1.1. Approach in Assessment

1.1.1. Quantitative

1.1.2. Qualitative

1.2. Evaluation of Environment

1.2.1. Suitable Site

1.2.1.1. Environmental

1.2.1.2. Climactic

1.2.1.3. Bio-physical

2. Planting Methods

2.1. Direct Seeding

2.2. Transplanting

2.3. Population Density

3. Land Preparation

3.1. Upland

3.2. Lowland

3.2.1. Harrowing

3.2.2. Plowing

3.2.3. Furrowing

3.3. Hilly

4. Selection and Preparation of Planting Materials

4.1. Recommended varieties

4.2. Mode of Propagation

4.2.1. Sexual

4.2.2. Asexual

5. Cropping Systems

5.1. Types of cropping system

5.1.1. Monocropping

5.1.2. Multiple Cropping

5.1.2.1. Intercropping

5.1.3. Mixed Cropping

5.1.4. Sequential

5.1.5. Crop Rotation

6. Pest Management

6.1. Pests

6.1.1. Pathogen

6.1.2. Insects and Mites

6.1.3. Weeds

6.1.4. Vertebrate Pests

6.2. Integrated Pest Management

6.2.1. Varietal Resistance

6.2.2. Biological Control

6.2.3. Physico-Cultural Control

6.2.4. Pesticides

6.3. Integrate Weed Management

6.3.1. Physical/Mechanical

6.3.2. Cultural

6.3.3. Chemical

7. Primary and Secondary Processing

7.1. Primary Processing

7.1.1. Extraction of Primary Economic Product

7.1.1.1. Threshing

7.1.1.2. Shelling

7.1.1.3. Decortification

7.1.1.4. Retting

7.1.1.5. Tuxying

7.1.2. Drying

7.1.3. Fermentation

7.2. Secondary Processing

7.2.1. Heat Sterilization

7.2.2. Dehydration

7.2.3. Fermentation

7.2.4. Freezing

8. Harvesting and Post-production Technologies

8.1. Methods of harvesting

8.1.1. Priming

8.1.2. Stripping

8.1.3. Tapping

8.1.4. Manual

8.1.5. Manual with the aid of conveyor

8.1.6. Mechanical

8.2. Methods of determining maturity

8.2.1. Visual

8.2.2. Physical

8.2.3. Compositional

8.2.4. Phenological

8.3. Type of Crops

8.3.1. Perishable

8.3.1.1. Trimming

8.3.1.2. Cleaning

8.3.1.3. Sorting and Grading

8.3.1.4. Ripening

8.3.1.5. Edible Coating

8.3.1.6. Storage

8.3.2. Durable

9. Water Management

9.1. Irrigation

9.1.1. Surface

9.1.1.1. Flooding Method

9.1.1.2. Furrow Method

9.1.1.3. Basin Method

9.1.2. Sprinkler

9.1.3. Drip System

9.1.4. Sub-surface

9.2. Issues

9.2.1. Lack of Water

9.2.2. Excess Water

10. Ornamental Horticulture

10.1. Floriculture

10.2. Landscape Horticulture

10.3. Turfgrass Management

11. Soil and Nutrient Management

11.1. Fertilization

11.1.1. Requirements

11.1.2. Materials

11.1.3. Placement

11.1.4. Application

11.2. Crop Nutrient Removal

11.2.1. Erosion

11.2.2. Volatilization

11.2.3. Leaching

12. Control of Growth and Development

12.1. Uses of Plant Growth Regulators

12.2. Physical Methods

12.2.1. Training

12.2.1.1. Trellising

12.2.2. Pruning

12.2.2.1. Preventive

12.2.2.2. Formative

12.2.2.3. Rejuventaive

12.2.2.4. Corrective

12.3. Windbreak Establishment

13. Issues in Crop Production

13.1. Local

13.1.1. High Importation of Cereals

13.1.2. Lack of government support

13.2. Global

13.2.1. Diminishing Land Area

13.2.2. Covid-19 Pandemic