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1: Dental infections (IC) by Mind Map: 1: Dental infections (IC)
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1: Dental infections (IC)

Tooth (dental caries)

acids from bacteria eating sugar that dissolve the teeth

epidemiology

number 1 disease

most children and 90% of adults

most common in middle east and latin america

common is Saudi especially elementary school

clinical presentation

1- chalky white spot

2- it turns brown

3- cavity (irreversible)

4- reaches the nerve

5- infection spread to surrounding tissue

classification

factors

tooth surface, amelogenesis imperfecta

dental plaque, streptococcus mutans

fermentable carbs, table sugar (sucrose) is the worst

time, snacks, low pH most of the time

pathophysiology

enamel

dentin

pulp

complications

treatments

fillings

crowns

makeover

prevention

oral hygiene

dietary modifications, chewing gum containing xylitol, No chewy and sticky sugars, no milk wile children sleep

topical fluoride

surrounding gum (periodontal origin)

epidemiology

2nd in the world

47.2% in U.S (30-64)

70% US above 70

68% in KSA (school age)

classification

gingivitis, remove the plaque for treatment, hygiene

chronic periodontitis

aggressive periodontitis

periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease, DM

narcotising ulcerative gingivitis / periodontitis, in immune compromised patients

prevention