1: Dental infections (IC)

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1: Dental infections (IC) by Mind Map: 1: Dental infections (IC)

1. Tooth (dental caries)

1.1. epidemiology

1.1.1. number 1 disease

1.1.2. most children and 90% of adults

1.1.3. most common in middle east and latin america

1.1.4. common is Saudi especially elementary school

1.2. clinical presentation

1.2.1. 1- chalky white spot

1.2.2. 2- it turns brown

1.2.3. 3- cavity (irreversible)

1.2.4. 4- reaches the nerve

1.2.5. 5- infection spread to surrounding tissue

1.3. classification

1.4. factors

1.4.1. tooth surface

1.4.1.1. amelogenesis imperfecta

1.4.2. dental plaque

1.4.2.1. streptococcus mutans

1.4.3. fermentable carbs

1.4.3.1. table sugar (sucrose) is the worst

1.4.4. time

1.4.4.1. snacks

1.4.4.2. low pH most of the time

1.5. pathophysiology

1.5.1. enamel

1.5.2. dentin

1.5.3. pulp

1.6. complications

1.7. treatments

1.7.1. fillings

1.7.2. crowns

1.7.3. makeover

1.8. prevention

1.8.1. oral hygiene

1.8.2. dietary modifications

1.8.2.1. chewing gum containing xylitol

1.8.2.2. No chewy and sticky sugars

1.8.2.3. no milk wile children sleep

1.8.3. topical fluoride

2. surrounding gum (periodontal origin)

2.1. epidemiology

2.1.1. 2nd in the world

2.1.2. 47.2% in U.S (30-64)

2.1.3. 70% US above 70

2.1.4. 68% in KSA (school age)

2.2. classification

2.2.1. gingivitis

2.2.1.1. remove the plaque for treatment

2.2.1.2. hygiene

2.2.2. chronic periodontitis

2.2.3. aggressive periodontitis

2.2.4. periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease

2.2.4.1. DM

2.2.5. narcotising ulcerative gingivitis / periodontitis

2.2.5.1. in immune compromised patients

2.3. prevention