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5: introduction to the trunk by Mind Map: 5: introduction to the trunk
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5: introduction to the trunk

Thoracic wall

function of the rib cage

comprises

intercostal space

Thoracic cavity

thoracic inlet

bounded by T1 vertebra, 1st intercostal rib & costal cartilage, and manubrium helps in forming the neck and upper limb

thoracic outlet

bounded by T12 vertebra, rib 12, costal margin & xiphisternal joint closed by diaphragm

mediastinum (central)

The diaphragm

contents

serous membranes

abdominal walls

diaphragm (roof)

anterolateral abdominal wall

posterior abdominal wall

pelvic inlet

abdominopelvic cavity contents

major viscera

serous membrane

major vessels

bony pelvis

pelvic cavity

in both sexes

in males

in females

perineum

under the pelvic diaphragm to the skin

urogenital triangle

anal triangle

innervations

somatic nerves innervates body wall and parietal layer of serous membrane

autonomic nerves & visceral affrents innervate viscera and visceral layer of serous membrane

nipple

xiphoid

umbilicus

inguinal fold

diaphragm

Hernias

hiatus hernia

stomach up through diaphragm

inguinal hernia

femoral hernia

herniation of disc

herniation of viscus

Body cavity punctures

Thoracocentesis

Thoracotomy

thoracic wall incision

Thoracoscopy

endoscopeexamination of pleural cavity and mediastinal structures via pleural sac

Paracentesis of abdomen

Laparoscopy

examination of abdominopelvic organs via endoscope in peritoneal cavity - incision at umbilicus; gas introduced in to distend the space