PERSONALITY AND THE LAW

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PERSONALITY AND THE LAW by Mind Map: PERSONALITY AND THE LAW

1. CIVIL LAW

1.1. The most widespread system of law around the world

1.1.1. About 150 countries

1.2. Derived from The Roman Empire

1.2.1. Influenced by religious laws

1.2.1.1. Canon Law

1.2.1.1.1. Made by ecclesiastical authority for the government of the Christian organization and its members

1.2.1.2. Islamic Law

1.2.1.2.1. Sharia

1.3. Legal system in Western Europe

1.4. PRIVATE LAW

1.4.1. Has a key role in the market economy

1.4.2. Interraction between private citizens

1.4.3. Law of obligations

1.4.3.1. Contract law

1.4.3.1.1. Elements of contract

1.4.3.1.2. Can be written or oral

1.4.3.1.3. Contractual commitment

1.4.3.1.4. Freedom of creating contracts

1.4.3.2. Tort

1.4.3.2.1. Personal injury

1.4.3.2.2. Property/material damage

1.4.3.2.3. Negligence

1.4.3.2.4. Intentional

1.4.3.2.5. Responsibility to compensate

1.4.4. Common private law

1.4.4.1. Property law

1.4.4.2. Family law

1.4.4.3. Successions

1.4.5. Special common law

1.4.5.1. Labour law

1.4.5.2. Commercial law

1.4.5.3. Corporation law

1.4.5.4. Competition law

1.5. PUBLIC LAW

1.5.1. Interraction between citizens and the state

1.5.2. Constitutional law

1.5.2.1. Human rights

1.5.2.2. Forms a legal ground

1.5.2.2.1. The highest regulation

1.5.2.3. Relationship between the state and its citizens

1.5.2.4. The division of tasks between the states and the relationships between the states

1.5.2.5. Adjusting and changing is harder than in other laws

1.5.2.5.1. More permanent than the other

1.5.3. Administrative law

1.5.3.1. Purpose is to promote and implement good rulemaking and legal rights

1.5.3.2. Decision-making for example in police law, international trade, taxation and immigration

1.5.4. Citizens possibility to affect

1.5.5. Democracy

2. LEGAL ENTITY

2.1. Legal person

2.1.1. Status of being a person - personhood

2.1.2. Has same rights, protections, privileges, responsibilities and legal liability as natural persons

2.1.3. Can act as a single entity with other natural persons for legal purposes

2.1.4. They may sue or be sued, enter contract, incur debt and own property

2.1.5. Have legal obligations, like paying taxes

2.1.6. Has a legal name

2.1.7. Don't have the right of freedom of speech and the right to vote

2.1.8. An association of people or special-purpose fund

2.1.8.1. Cooperations, corporations, companies

2.1.9. Recognized by law as having legal personality

2.1.10. An independent legal entity

2.2. Natural person

2.2.1. Any human being with legal capacity commencing from the time of birth

2.2.2. Human rights

2.2.2.1. International rules which have been defined by international contracts and declarations

2.2.2.1.1. Universal

2.2.2.1.2. Egalitarian

2.2.2.2. Fundamental rights

2.2.2.2.1. The right to live

2.2.2.2.2. Freedom of speech

2.2.2.2.3. Freedom of religion

2.2.2.2.4. The right to have own opinions

2.2.2.3. Political rights

2.2.2.3.1. Elections

2.2.2.3.2. The right to vote

2.2.2.4. Economic rights

2.2.2.4.1. The right to make a living

2.2.2.4.2. Healthcare

2.2.2.4.3. Education

2.2.3. Can hold a public office

2.2.4. From birth to death