Theoretical Perspectives

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Theoretical Perspectives by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives

1. Behaviorist

1.1. *Learning is acquired through observation and reinforcement.

1.2. In relation to language acquisition : Language was considered a set of habits, aquired and refined through conditioning.

1.3. Theory Contributionists: Watson, Skinner

2. Nativist

2.1. Humans are born with an innate predisposition to learn language. Language is "hardwired" into the brain.

2.2. Theory contributionists: Chomski

3. Interactionist

3.1. Language development occurs when children are engaged in social interaction with adults modeling.

3.2. The child is able to scaffold his language learning

3.3. Theory contributionists: Jerome Bruner

4. Cognitive Developmentalist

4.1. Knowledge is acquired through moving through a number of stages, each with it's own "challenge".

4.2. In relation to language acquisition : a new piece to the puzzle of language acquisition must be acquired in order to move forward and gain the next piece, each part building on the last.

4.3. Theory Contributionists: Piaget