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Muscles by Mind Map: Muscles
5.0 stars - 1 reviews range from 0 to 5

Muscles

Head and Neck

Facial Expression

Scalp/Brow: Occipitofrontalis, Occipitalis, Retract: Scalp, Frontalis, Elevates: Brow, Draw Forward: Scalp

Oral Region:, Orbicularis oris, Encircles: Mouth, Protrudes: Lips, Closes: Lips, Levator labii superioris, Elevates: UL, Everts: UL, Depressor labii inferioris, Draw Down: LL, Draw Lateral: LL, Risorius, Draw Up: < of Mouth, Draw Lateral: < of Mouth, Zygomaticus major, Draw Up: < of Mouth, Draw Lateral:< of Mouth, Zygomaticus minor, Elevates: UL

Orbital/Nasal Region:, Nasalis, Widens Nostrils, Orbicularis oculi:, Closes eyes, Tear flow across eye ~ Aid, Sphincter of the eyelids

Mental/Buccal Region:, Mentalis, Elevates:, LL, Chin, Protrudes: LL, Buccinator, Compresses: Cheek against teeth/gums, Retracts: Cheek, Platysma, Draw Downward:, LL, < of Mouth, Opening mouth wide ~ Aid

Mandible Movement

Assists in Chewing

Temporalis, Retracts: Man, Elevates: Man, Lateral Excursion: Man, Medial Excursion: Man

Masseter, Elevation: Man(1), Protraction: Man, Retraction: Man, Lateral Excursion: Man, Medial Excursion: Man

Neck Muscles

Hyoid muscles, Suprahyoid, Digastric, Depresses: Man (WHEN HYOID FIXED), Elevates: Hyoid (WHEN MAN FIXED), Opens Mouth widely, Infrahyoid, Fix the hyoid from below-> allows suprahyoids to open the mouth

Pharyngeal constrictors, Drive food into esophagus

Head Movement

Neck Flexors, Sternocleidomastoid, Bilateral:, Protract: Head, Depress: Head, Unilateral:, Elevate: Head, *CR: Head (opp side), Scalenes, Bilateral:, Flex: Neck, (IF SPINE FIXED), Elevate: ribs 1-2, Breathing ~ aid, Unilateral:, IF: Neck (same side), CR: Face (opp side)

Neck Extensors, Trapezius, Depress: Scapula (apex of shoulder), Elevate: Scapula (apex of shoulder), Retracts: Scapula, Lateral Rotation: Scapula, Fix: Scapula & Sholder, Extend: Neck, Lateral Flexion: Neck, Splenius capitis/cervicis, Uniateral:, IF: Head, Slight Rotation: Head, Bilateral:, Extend: Head, Semispinalis capitis/cervicis, Extend: Head, CR: Head

Trunk

Breathing

Diaphragm: INSPIRATION(1), Contracts, Compress: Abdominal Viscera, Childbirth and waste expulsion ~ Aid

External intercostals, SCALENES FIX RIB 1, Elevate: Rib 2-12, Protract: Rib 2-12

Internal intercostals, Intercartilaginous Part: Inspiration, Elevate: Ribs ~ Aid, Expand: Thomactic Cav ~ Aid, Interosseous Part: Expiration, Compress: Thoractic Cavity via:, Retraction: Ribs, Depression: Ribs

Abdominal Wall Muscles

Anterior Wall, Oblique, Bilateral: for external and internal, ~, Support: Abdominal Viscera, Stabilizes: Vertebral Column, Maintains Posture, Compress: abdominal organs {allows:}, Forceful expiration of breath, Expulsion of various wastes *see note*, Unilateral:for external, CR: Waist (opp side), Unilateral: for internal, IR: Waist (same side), Transversus abdominis, Compress: abdominal organs {allows:}, Forceful expiration of breath, Expulsion of various wastes *see note*, Rectus abdominis, Flex: Lumbar vertebral column region

Pectoral Girdle Muscles

Act on Scapula!

Anterior Group, Pectoralis minor, With serratus anterior:, Draw Lateral: Scapula, Draw Forward: Scapula, With other musc, Depresses: Apex of shoulder, Rotates: Scapula, Serratus anterior, With pectoralis minor, Draw Lateral: Scapula, Draw Forward: Scapula, Protract: Scapula, FIx: Scapula, Elevate: Apex of shoulder (via rotating scapula) ~ Aid

Posterior Group, Trapezius, Depress: Scapula (apex of shoulder), Elevate: Scapula (apex of shoulder), Retracts: Scapula, Lateral Rotation: Scapula, Fix: Scapula & Sholder, Extend: Neck, Lateral Flexion: Neck, Levator scapulae, Elevate: Scapula (IF CERVIC. VERT FIXED), Lateral Flexion: Neck (IF SCAPULA FIXED), ~, Retracts: Scapula, Braces: Shoulder, ~, Rotates: Scapula, Depress: Apex of shoulder, Rhomboid minor/major, ~, Retracts: Scapula, Braces: Shoulder, Fix: Scapula

Shoulder and Upper Limb

Humerus Movement

Axial Muscles, Pectoralis major, Flex: Humerus, Adducts:Humerus, Medial Rotation: Humerus, Deep Inspiration ~Aid, Latissimus dorsi, Adducts:Humerus, Medial Rotation: Humerus, Extends: Shoulder joint, Misc, Aids in extreme breathing functions *see note*

Scapular Muscles, Deltoid, Anterior Fibers:, Flex: Arm, Medial Rotation: Arm, Lateral Fibers:, Adduct: Arm, Posterior Fibers:, Extend: Arm, Lateral Rotation: Arm, Teres major, Extend: Humurus, Medial Rotation: Humerus, Coracobrachialis, Flex: Arm, Medial Rotation: Arm, Fix: Resists arm deviation *see note*

Rotator Cuff, Supraspinatus, Abduction: Arm ~ Aids deltoid, Fix: Resists humeral head slip *see note*, Infraspinatus, Lateral Rotation: Humerus, Fix: humeral head slip "see note*, Teres minor, Lateral Rotation: Humerus, Fix: humeral head slip "see note*, Subscapularis, Medial Rotation: Humerus, Fix: humeral head slip "see note*

Forearm Movement

Bellies in Arm (Brachium), Brachialis, Flex: Elbow(1), Biceps brachii, Supinates: Forearm (rapid/forceful), Flex:, Elbow (syn), Shoulder ~ slight, Fix: Long Head Tendon stabilizes shoulder, Triceps brachii, Entend: Elbow, Long Head:, Extend: Humerus, Adduct: Humerus

Bellies in Forearm (Antebrachium), Brachioradialis, Flex: Elbow, Anconeus, Extend: Elbow, Fix: control ulnar movement, Pronator, Pronator teres, Rapid/forceful pronation ~ Assists Pronator Quadratus, Flex: Elbow ~ Weak, Pronator quadratus(1), Pronation(1), Fix: resists radioulnar separation *see note*, Supinator, Supinates: Forearm

Hip and Lower Limb

Femur and Hip Movement

Anterior Hip Muscles: Iliopsoas, Psoas major & Iliacus, Flex: Thigh (@ hip) (TRUNK IS FIXED), Flex: Trunk (@ hip)(THIGH IS FIXED), Fix: Balances trunk while sitting

Lateral/Posterior Hip Muscles, Tensor fasciae latae, Extend: Knee, Lateral Rotation: Tibia, Abduction: Femur ~ Aid, Medial Rotation: Femur ~ Aid, Fix: Steadies leg while standing *see note*, Gluteus, Gluteus Maximus, Extend: Thigh (@hip), Elevate: Trunk - after stooping, Fix: Prevents trunk pinching *see note*, Fix: Stabilizes femur on tibia ~ Aid, Gluteus Medius/Minimus, Abduct: Thigh, Medial Rotation: Thigh, Shift weight while walking

Inferior/Deep Hip muscles: Lateral rotators

Medial Thigh Compartment: Adductor, Adductor, Adductor longus, Adduct: Thigh, Medial Rotation: Thigh, Flex: Thigh (@ hip), Adductor magnus, Adduct: Thigh, Medial Rotation: Thigh, Extend: Thigh (@ hip), Pectineus, Flex: Thigh, Adduct: Thigh, Gracilis, Flex: Tibia (@ knee), Medial Rotation: Tibia (@ knee)

Femur, Tibia, and Fibula Movement

Anterior Thigh Compartment: Extensor, Quadriceps femoris, Rectus femoris, Extend: Knee, Flex: Thigh (@ hip), Flex: Trunk (on hip) (THIGH IS FIXED), Vastus lateralis/mediais, Extend: Knee, Fix: keeps platella in place, Vastus intermedius, Extend: Knee, Sartorius, Flex:, Knee ~ Aid, Hip ~ Aid, Abduct: Thigh, Lateral Rotation: Thigh

Posterior Thigh Compartment: Flexor, Hamstrings, Biceps femoris, Flex: Knee, Extend: Hip, Elevate: Trunk - from stooping posture, Lateral Rotation: Tibia (on femur) (KNEE IS FLEXED), Lateral Rotation: Femur (HIP IS EXTENDED), Counteracts: bending at hips, Semitendinosus & Semimembranosus, Flex: Knee, Medial Rotation: Tibia (on femur) (KNEE IS FLEXED), Medial Rotation: Femur (HIP IS EXTENDED), Gracillas (medial thigh), Medial Rotation: Tibia (@ knee), Flex: Tibia (@ knee)

Foot and Digit Movement

Anterior Leg Compartment: Extensor, Tibialis anterior, Dorsiflex: Foot, Inversion: Foot, Fix:, Helps support medial longitudinal arch of foot, Resists backwards tipping of body

Posterior Leg Compartment: Flexor, Gastrocnemius, Plantar Flex: Foot, Flex: Knee, Soleus, Plantar Flex: Foot, Fix: Steadies leg on ankle during standing