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FFAI Objections to AI by Mind Map: FFAI Objections to AI
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FFAI Objections to AI

common objections to AI

instrinsic inabilities

feel emotions

feel love

self-awareness

be religious

limited computational capabilities

hypercomputational minds

all computers are Turing equivalent

humans can solve problems that a Turing machine can't solve, so humans are more powerful than machines

physicality

you need a human body to be "intelligent"

two criteria, you really need a full human body, a human brain suffices, it's the biological neural hardware that makes the difference

two possible meanings, that is our definition because we don't want to include robots (cf definition of "planet"), physicality with a biological body is necessary for anything resembling intelligence

computers only follow rules

therefore, they can't innovate

therefore, they can't deal with complicated problems requiring human judgment

computers don't have "consciousness"

they may act like they do, but they actually don't

what does this mean? is it like sleepwalking?

"texting while sleeping"?

computers don't have "free will"

we'll have a separate lecture on that

computers don't have "qualia"

humans have an experience when seeing the color "red"

robots lack that internal experience; they only manipulate symbols

computers don't have a "soul"

dualism

there is a separate thing that we call the "soul"

the soul is connected to the brain somehow

humans have this soul, no other physical system does

but which humans? and when? do you know what you religion says about that?

computers don't have "self-awareness"

self-awareness means the ability to recognize that you are an agent in the world just like other agents

... and you can use that knowledge to succeed better in the world

computers lack "morality"

what about sociopaths?

Claim: computers may be able to simulate intelligence, but they can't really be intelligent in a human sense.

(This is our first exploration of these topics; we'll have more to say about "consciousness", "free will", etc. later)

think about

How do you know someone else does?

How do you know you yourself do?

What experiments could you do to tell?

If you were a robot, would you even know?

All of these (and more) have been explored endlessly in movies.

Can you name examples?

Have a look at TV tropes (tvtropes.org)

kinds of AI

strong AI

the computer "is human", sapience - it is smart, sentience - experiences pain and pleasure

i.e. cyborg (brain in a robot body) and AI (intelligent computer in a robot body) are "the same"

killing it is murder

weak AI

the computer "acts human", sapience - it is smart, no sentience - it doesn't experience pain and pleasure, although it may try to pretend it does

but it may not actually "be" human

it's a "simulation"