all computers are Turing equivalent
humans can solve problems that a Turing machine can't solve, so humans are more powerful than machines
you need a human body to be "intelligent"
two criteria, you really need a full human body, a human brain suffices, it's the biological neural hardware that makes the difference
two possible meanings, that is our definition because we don't want to include robots (cf definition of "planet"), physicality with a biological body is necessary for anything resembling intelligence
therefore, they can't innovate
therefore, they can't deal with complicated problems requiring human judgment
they may act like they do, but they actually don't
what does this mean? is it like sleepwalking?
"texting while sleeping"?
we'll have a separate lecture on that
humans have an experience when seeing the color "red"
robots lack that internal experience; they only manipulate symbols
there is a separate thing that we call the "soul"
the soul is connected to the brain somehow
humans have this soul, no other physical system does
but which humans? and when? do you know what you religion says about that?
self-awareness means the ability to recognize that you are an agent in the world just like other agents
... and you can use that knowledge to succeed better in the world
what about sociopaths?
Can you name examples?
Have a look at TV tropes (tvtropes.org)
the computer "is human", sapience - it is smart, sentience - experiences pain and pleasure
i.e. cyborg (brain in a robot body) and AI (intelligent computer in a robot body) are "the same"
killing it is murder
the computer "acts human", sapience - it is smart, no sentience - it doesn't experience pain and pleasure, although it may try to pretend it does
but it may not actually "be" human
it's a "simulation"