Chapter 5 Glossary

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Chapter 5 Glossary by Mind Map: Chapter 5 Glossary

1. AAC System

1.1. 4 different components used to enhance communication

1.1.1. symbols

1.1.2. strategies

1.1.3. aid

1.1.4. technique

2. access barriers

2.1. Situations preventing communication due to a patient's capabilities and resources using the AAC

3. aid

3.1. A device used to assist someone in sending or receiving a message in order to assist with conveying speech or writing

4. aided

4.1. A symbol that needs something external in order for the message to be conveyed

4.1.1. Draw a picture

4.1.2. Type a message

5. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

5.1. A communication degenerative disease that results in the deterioration of speech skills and respiratory functioning

5.1.1. Lou Gehrig's Disease

6. augmentative and alternative communication

6.1. Alternate approach to treating a communication disorder by focusing on how the disorder affects a patient's daily living and how to cope more productively within their life.

7. autism spectrum disorders

7.1. A development disorder characterized by lack of social interaction or communication limitations

8. cerebal palsy

8.1. A neuromotor impairment that occurs from damage prior,during or after brith

9. childhood apraxia of speech

9.1. A speech disorder that causes the lack of control in speech movement

9.1.1. Development apraxia of speech

10. coded access

10.1. When someone uses a set of symbols in a particular order from the set.

10.1.1. Mores code

11. communication competence

11.1. The ability to work toward communication at an independent level

12. communication environments

13. communication roles

13.1. The specific part a person plays in communicating

14. complex communication needs

14.1. Severe speech, language and/or motor/cognitive impairments that prevent patients from communicating on a daily basis effectively

14.1.1. severe communication disorders/impairments

15. comprehensive AAC assessment

15.1. Test to measure and identify what contributors factors affects a patients communication skills

16. context-dependent communication

16.1. Individuals with more reliable methods of communication but limited to only a few people or contexts at the time

17. dementia

17.1. A degenerative that causes impaired communication

17.1.1. Huntington's Disease

17.1.2. Alzheimer's Disease

18. direct selection

18.1. Direct motor act not based on time

18.1.1. 4 Types

19. dynamic

19.1. Symbols that require movement to understand the meaning of them

19.1.1. Gestures

20. dynamic display

20.1. A visual change seen once a symbol is chosen

21. electronic

21.1. devices that are technologically generated for speech

22. emerging communication

22.1. Individuals who are able to communication with limited symbols but still gaining consistent methods of communication

22.1.1. Infant vocalizations/babbles

23. fixed display

23.1. A display that remains the same before and after a symbol is chosen

24. hybrid display

24.1. An AAc system that uses a combination of display types

25. iconicity

25.1. To what extent symbols visually look like what they're referring to

26. independent communciation

27. indirect selection

27.1. Indirect motor act

28. information transfer

28.1. Information that is both sent and received

29. intellectual disability

29.1. Having significant limits in regards to cognitive functioning and behavior

29.1.1. Mental retardation

30. multidisplinary team

30.1. A group of professionals that assist in the AAC assessment

30.1.1. Speech Pathologist

30.1.2. PT/OT

30.1.3. Rehabilitation engineer

30.1.4. Dr/Nurse/Social Worker

31. multimodal

31.1. when people use various communication forms to convey their communication goal.

31.1.1. listening

31.1.2. reading

31.1.3. talking

31.1.4. writing

31.1.5. sign language

32. opaque

32.1. When symbols look little like what they are referring to

33. opportunity barriers

33.1. Circumstances preventing a person to participate in activities involving communication

33.1.1. Policy

33.1.2. Practice

33.1.3. Skill

33.1.4. Knowledge

33.1.5. Attitude

34. Parkinson's Disease

34.1. A disease that causes deterioration of basal ganglia in the CNS

35. scanning

35.1. A set of symbols configured by a communication device using a switch

36. social closeness

36.1. Interactions between one another to develop relationships using communication

37. social etiquette

37.1. Ability to be polite and use social standards to communicate with others

38. social roles

38.1. The part a person plays in their culture/society

38.1.1. Mother/father

38.1.2. Daughter/son

38.1.3. Employee/Employer

39. speech generating device

39.1. A device that produces words/phrases for a patient in lieu of speaking and being misunderstood

39.2. A device that produces words/phrases for a patient in lieu of speaking and being misunderstood

39.2.1. Cerebal Palsy patient with unpredictable motor skills

40. static

40.1. Symbols that don't need movement or change to understand the meaning

40.1.1. Photograph

41. strategy

41.1. The way symbols are arranged and conveyed

41.1.1. 3rd component of AAC

42. stroke

42.1. When the blood supply to the brain stop or the blood vessel rupture creating brain damage

43. symbol

43.1. Something that represents something else

43.1.1. Acoustic

43.1.2. Tactile

43.1.3. Manual

43.1.4. Graphic

44. technique

44.1. The manner message are transmitted

44.1.1. Direct Selection

44.1.2. Indirect Selection

45. unaided

45.1. Symbols that use only your body

45.1.1. Speaking

45.1.2. Gesturing

45.1.3. Vocalizing

46. visual scene display

46.1. Displays using pictures or photos to represent a place or situation

47. Traumatic brain injury

47.1. Injury to the brain caused by a traumatic situation

47.1.1. Falling off a motorcycle

47.1.2. Hitting head on pavement