My New Mind Map

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My New Mind Map by Mind Map: My New Mind Map

1. Augmentmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC, area of research that attempts to study and compensate for the impairments, activity limitations, and particpation restrictions of individuals with severe disorders of speech-language production/comprehension

1.1. Multimodal: a combination of communication modalities to meet their intended communication goals

1.2. Complex Communication Needs: CCN, importance of speech, language, and cognitive abilities rather than focusing on the disorder

1.3. Speech generating device: produce words and phrases as an alternative to speaking in situations where he/she cant be understood

1.4. AAC system: four components used to enhance communication

2. Symbol: something that stands for something else

2.1. Aided: requires a device or accessory that is external to the body to transmit a message

2.2. Unaided: require only one's body

2.3. Static: do not require movement or change to understand meaning

2.4. Dynamic: require movement to understand the meaning

2.5. Iconicity: the degree to which symbols visually resemble what they refer to

2.6. Opaque: little resemblance to what it represents

3. Technique: the way in which messages are transmitted

3.1. Direction Selection: a direct motor act that is not dependent on time

3.2. Indirect Selection: Scanning, directed scanning, coded access

4. Selection Set

4.1. Fixed display: remains the same before and after a symbol is selectied

4.2. Dynamic Display: visual and change after a symbol is selected

4.3. Visual Scene Display: new type of display of pictures of virtual environments that represent that represent situations, places, or experiences

5. Purpose of Communication

5.1. Information transfer: to give and receive information

5.2. Social Closeness: develop relationships

5.3. Social Etiquette: being polite and conforming to the social conventions of the culture

6. Causes of Complex Communication Needs

6.1. Intuellectual disability: having significant limitations in both intellectual functionally and adaptive skills

6.2. Cerebral Palsy: neuromotor impairment resulting from trauma or damage to the developing child before, during, or soon after birth

6.3. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): group of developmental disorders characterized by impaired social interactions, difficulty with verbal and nonverbal communication, and limited interests

6.4. Childhood Apraxia of Speech: a speech disorder characterized by inability to control the purposeful speech movements and sequences of speech movements

6.5. Traumatic Brain Injury: an acquired injury to the brain caused by a traumatic event

6.6. Stroke: when blood supply to part of te brain is interrupted or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures

7. Degenerative Disease

8. Degenerative Diseases

8.1. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: ALS/Lou Gehrig: rapldly progressive, deterioration of speech or motor skills

8.2. Parkinson's Disease: slowly progressive disease of the basal ganglia in the central nervous system

8.3. Dementia: caused by Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's, Significantly impaired intellectual functioning

9. Comprehensive AAC Assesment:

9.1. Oppurtunity Barriers: imposed by other people and prevent an individual's participation in communication activities

9.2. Access Barriers: also prevent participation in communication activities, but come from the capabilities, attitudes, and resources of the person using AAC

9.3. Multidisciplinary Team: professionals that conducts the AAC assessment

10. Communicatio Competence

10.1. Emerging Communication -> Context-Dependent communication -> independent communication

10.2. Social Roles: a role each person plays in society