Physical Patterns

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Physical Patterns by Mind Map: Physical Patterns

1. Agricultural

1.1. Definition

1.1.1. Growing crops and cultivate animals.

1.1.2. Easier to understand is farming

1.2. Food We Eat

1.2.1. It came from different countries (import and export)

1.2.1.1. Coffee

1.2.1.1.1. Many Canada people made or export from other countries

1.2.1.1.2. From Kenya

1.2.1.2. Banana

1.2.1.2.1. Fruit

1.2.1.2.2. Buy from Costa Rica in Central prices.

1.2.1.3. Bread

1.2.1.4. Other Milk and Alternatives

1.2.1.4.1. Breads, eggs, milks, and butters are example that form Ontario

1.2.2. Canada Food Guide

1.2.2.1. Talks about the food we eat everyday and the nutrients

1.3. The Effect of Climate

1.3.1. Different climates

1.3.1.1. Tropical Climates

1.3.1.1.1. The location of this is nearby the equator and it is good to farm

1.3.1.1.2. South America and European are some examples of tropical climates

1.3.1.2. Arid Climates

1.3.1.2.1. The location is beside the hotter countries (Asia, USA, Mexico, etc)

1.3.1.3. Warm Humid Climates

1.3.1.3.1. The equator place and it is maritime climates (warm summer and cool winter)

1.3.1.4. Mountain Climate

1.3.1.4.1. Cooler than places in the place and heavy precipitation in the place

1.3.1.5. Continental Climates

1.3.1.5.1. Hot summers and cold winters

1.4. The Effect of Soil

1.4.1. Soil profile

1.4.1.1. A cross section of the different layers in the earth's soil

1.4.2. Permafrost

1.4.2.1. Frozen ground in the surface of earth

1.4.3. Different types of soil in earth

1.4.3.1. Forest and woodland soils

1.4.3.1.1. It formed in North America, Asia, European, some places in every nation (Asia, Australia)

1.4.3.1.2. Podzol, Grey and brown, red and brown soil.

1.4.3.2. Desert Soils

1.4.3.2.1. Red and grey

1.4.3.3. Tropical and Subtropical soils

1.4.3.3.1. Red and yellow soil

1.4.3.3.2. Dark grey and black soil

1.5. It same with the climates in global warming

1.5.1. The Effect of Water Bodies

1.5.1.1. It makes maritime climate and continental climates

1.5.2. The Effect of Latitude

1.5.2.1. It make 3 types of climate: polar climate, tropical climate, temperate climate.

1.5.2.1.1. Temperate climate is hot every single year

1.5.3. The Effect of Ocean Current

1.5.3.1. It will form hot or cold to the countries that have effect of ocean current's climate

1.6. The Effect of Natural Vegetation

1.6.1. Weeds

1.6.1.1. It will take the nutrients from the plants and the plants will died.

1.6.1.1.1. sensitive plant

1.6.1.1.2. Ambrosia

1.6.1.1.3. Centella asiatica

1.6.2. Shifting Cultivation

1.6.2.1. A type of temporary farming in the forest

1.6.3. The tropical soil and plants are effecting the plants

1.6.3.1. Broadleaf forest, grasslands, etc are control the good materials of farming to the soil

2. Climate

2.1. The Effect of latitudes

2.1.1. Polar Climate

2.1.1.1. An interesting climate: warm winters and cool summer.

2.1.1.2. It happens near North and South Pole

2.1.1.2.1. Verkhoyansk has a polar climate.

2.1.1.3. When the sun's ray goes up to the sphere as a sharp angle.

2.1.2. Tropical climate

2.1.2.1. Hot temperature in every season and a lot of rainfalls.

2.1.2.2. Singapore

2.1.2.2.1. Near the equator, very hot

2.1.2.3. Reason is when equator turns hot, when Earth rotates, the sunlight raise to equator and turns more heats.

2.1.3. Temperate Climate

2.1.3.1. Moderate temperature every year

2.1.3.1.1. Perth, Australia had a temperate climate

2.1.3.2. Happens between equator and South Pole

2.1.3.2.1. A mid-latitude position and create a temperate climate all year

2.1.3.2.2. The sun curve the light in a slight angle, it make more solar energy to Singapore instead than Perth. It causes by the southern hemisphere.

2.2. The Effect of Moving Air

2.2.1. The warm air rises and cool air drops.

2.2.1.1. Basement is an example of how moving air affects

2.2.2. Different air pressures make the desert climate and make different kind of precipitation (rainfalls)

2.2.2.1. Air pressure is a measure of a density of amounts of air

2.2.2.2. Desert climate is very dry weather every years

2.2.2.2.1. Cairo had a precipitation is 40mm

2.2.2.2.2. Douala is a tropical climate with a amazing 4027mm of precipitation all year

2.2.2.2.3. Port Nolloth had a rainfall with 60mm.

2.2.3. Happens in northern and southern country.

2.2.3.1. Cairo, Douala, and Port Nolloth

2.2.3.1.1. Cairo, Douala's location is on the northern side and have a desert climate but Douala is tropical climate

2.2.3.1.2. Port Nolloth's location is southern area

2.2.3.2. It will create desert like the Sahara Desert

2.3. The Effect of Water Bodies

2.3.1. Bodies of water make more comfortable to the Earth.

2.3.1.1. The cold water from northern side and the hot water from the equator mixed together and form the water bodies effect.

2.3.1.1.1. You might feel warm to the ocean water and the cold water when its winter waters mixed together.

2.3.1.1.2. Nova Scotia, Vancouver are not having any bad climates instead like Ontario

2.3.2. Make 2 different climates

2.3.2.1. Maritime Climate

2.3.2.1.1. Warm summers and cool winters every year

2.3.2.2. Continental Climate

2.3.2.2.1. Hot summers and cold winters

2.4. The Effects of Mountain

2.4.1. Mountain climate

2.4.1.1. Cooler than places at lower alitiudes with heavy rainfalls

2.4.1.1.1. Manaus had a heavy rainfall is 249mm and highest temperature is 29 degree Celsius.

2.4.1.1.2. Quito had a rainfall of 175 degree Highest climate is 15 degrees Celsius.

2.4.2. Can be cold or hot climate every year

2.4.2.1. The Manaus and Quito's climate are the examples of cold and hot climate

2.5. The Effects of Ocean Currents

2.5.1. Ocean Currents can make either a warm or cool climate to the countries

2.5.1.1. Narvik and Nain are examples of this effects to the global warming in the earth

3. Landform

3.1. Volcanoes

3.1.1. A natural disaster

3.1.1.1. Disasters that affects everywhere and made by nature (e.g. earthquake, tsunami, etc)

3.1.1.2. Strong deadly natural disasters affect the place that closes to it.

3.1.1.3. Volcano is a huge amount of magma and lava pushes up and starts having fire.

3.1.2. Composite Cone

3.1.2.1. When volcanoes starts and composite cone began greater

3.1.2.2. They made up by cinders and magma and will creates a layer.

3.1.2.3. Igneous Rock

3.1.2.3.1. A rock that found beside when volcanoes starts

3.1.2.3.2. How does it form: magma and lava make together and turns to a solid rock

3.1.2.3.3. Basalt Lava - a igneous rock and the erupted at temperatures between 1100 to 1250° C.

3.1.2.3.4. erupted at temperatures between 1100 to 1250° C.

3.1.2.3.5. Dacite lava, Pumice are some examples of igneous rock

3.1.3. Shield Cone

3.1.3.1. Hawaii has shield cone volcanoes

3.1.3.2. A volcano that is all magma

3.1.3.3. Cinder cone and shield cone are similar cone

3.2. Plains and Lowlands

3.2.1. Shields, plains and lowlands are similar

3.2.1.1. They both make in 4.6 billion year history in the Earth.

3.2.1.2. James Hutton and Alfred Wegener are people that discovered shields, plains and lowlands before.

3.2.2. Plains and lowland can be farming in the future, but they can be as a desert.

3.2.2.1. Plains and lowlands can be found everywhere that is on the earth.

3.2.2.1.1. Hudson Bay Lowlands are example in Ontario

3.2.2.1.2. Mountains often found plains and lowland

3.2.2.1.3. Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands in Ontario

3.2.3. Plains and Lowlands are not always be same.

3.2.3.1. Plains often are flat area

3.2.3.2. Lowlands are different with uplands

3.2.3.3. Plains and Lowlands are good to humans that can farm and have ecosystem for living

3.2.4. Sedimentary Rock

3.2.4.1. A rock that is have layers with it.

3.2.4.2. Plains and Lowlands that are sedimentary rock with regions.

3.2.4.3. Great Plains and Lowlands are often looks like fold mountain as similar.

3.3. Fold Mountains

3.3.1. The 2 layers of rocks that pushes together and layers started to fold and it will creates a fold mountain after millions of years.

3.3.1.1. Rocky Mountains

3.3.1.1.1. Fold Mountain that forms with snow

3.3.1.1.2. The area is 991,700 km²

3.3.1.1.3. The location that is United States of America, Canada.

3.3.1.1.4. Sedimentary rocks are formed in the Rocky Mountain and it made by long years ago.

3.3.1.2. Appalachian Mountains

3.3.1.2.1. All sedimentary rocks made.

3.3.1.2.2. It folded by plates collisions, etc.

3.4. Ancient Shields

3.4.1. Shields are plate tectonics

3.4.1.1. It creates by igneous rocks and metamorphic rock that made shields.

3.4.1.1.1. Looks like a grassland and water rivers.

3.4.1.2. Shield Regions

3.4.1.2.1. Pangaea

4. Natural Disasters

4.1. Tropical Storms

4.1.1. Hurricane

4.1.1.1. Forms in Pacific Ocean and Atlanic Ocean

4.1.1.2. Starts with hot air rises and cold air got into the hot air then raises. Finally they spin faster then hurricane creates.

4.1.1.3. Affecting to the Caribbean and Eastern North America.

4.1.1.4. Starts with strong wind and heavy rains

4.1.2. Tornadoes

4.1.2.1. Affecting USA and Asia

4.1.2.2. Very Very strong wind with thunderstorm happened hardly and kill trees and animals.

4.1.2.3. Starts with warm air starts thunderstorm and cold raise starts going inside and pulling it up. Finally a tornado forms

4.1.3. Blizzards

4.1.3.1. It forms at Arctic Ocean

4.1.3.2. Affect at Russia and Northern Asia

4.1.3.3. Starts with cold air clashes with hot air. Then it mess together. Then in the formed a blizzard with heavy cold wind and heavy snowfalls

4.1.4. Cyclones

4.1.4.1. Forms in Indian Ocean

4.1.4.2. Affecting to the Southern Africa

4.1.5. Typhoons

4.1.5.1. Typhoons happen in China and Hong Kong

4.1.5.2. Forms in Pacific Ocean

4.1.5.3. Cyclones and typhoons are smiliar

4.2. Earthquake

4.2.1. Animals have omen before it happens

4.2.1.1. Snakes with came out or appear in the place does not seen any.

4.2.1.2. Frog will move away of the place that will start earthquake

4.2.1.3. Dogs will very angry at anything and very ferocious

4.2.2. Other natural disaster happens after its happen

4.2.2.1. Tsunami

4.2.2.1.1. Hugh tsunami starts after earthquake

4.2.2.1.2. Deadly affects at the people live beside or closed to the tsunami place

4.2.2.2. Aftershock

4.2.2.2.1. It will have lots of aftershock after the earthquake starts

4.2.2.2.2. More people will died or hurt within the earthquake and aftershock

4.2.2.2.3. They are both deadly natural disasters

4.2.3. Deadly shaking in the places

4.2.3.1. Japan had the most earthquake every year.

4.2.3.1.1. Happens 1000-1500 earthquake each year

4.2.3.1.2. Scary shaking and kill lots of Japanese people

4.2.3.1.3. Starts with strong from 20th century

4.2.3.2. There are 12 different degrees of shaking

4.2.3.2.1. 4+5 degree: The people in the night awakes, houses no affects

4.2.3.2.2. 11 degree: houses fallen down deadly,the ground broken very hard

4.2.3.2.3. 6 degree: The ware falls and the ground broken