## 1. Phone Calls

## 2. Speed

### 2.1. Speed: distance travelled/ time taken

### 2.2. study graphs

2.2.1. pg.261

## 3. Density

### 3.1. Density= Mass/ Volume

## 4. Velocity

### 4.1. The velocity of an object is its speed in a certain direction.

### 4.2. Look over grpahs on pg263

## 5. Work

### 5.1. Work: force × distance moved.

### 5.2. The unit is joule

### 5.3. Energy

5.3.1. is the ability to do work.

### 5.4. Power

5.4.1. power: work done/ time taken

## 6. Hooke's Law

### 6.1. The extension of a spring is directly proportional to the force that is stretching it.

## 7. Friction

### 7.1. Friction is a force Which opposes motion between two objects in contact.

### 7.2. Advatages

7.2.1. We use friction to slow things down: e.g brakes on bike

7.2.2. it is used to pick up things and writing

### 7.3. Disadvantages:

7.3.1. It wears away surfaces in contact with each other

7.3.2. It wastes energy in car engines

7.3.3. Often slows things down.

## 8. Weight

### 8.1. The weight of an object is the force of gravity on it.

### 8.2. Is measured in Newtons

### 8.3. Weigh(newtons)t: mass(kg) × 10

## 9. Area

### 9.1. The area of a shape is the amount of surface enclosed within its boundary line.

### 9.2. Triangle

9.2.1. 1/29(base) × height

### 9.3. Square

9.3.1. length × length

### 9.4. Rectangle

9.4.1. lenght × width

### 9.5. Circle

9.5.1. π × radius× radius

## 10. Volume

### 10.1. The volume of an object is the amount of space it takes up.

### 10.2. measuring the volume of a regular shape

10.2.1. V= L × L× W

### 10.3. measuring the volume of an irregular shape

10.3.1. it is got by displacement

### 10.4. a stone is put into water that is inside a jar, it pushes the water that was occupied out of the way, the stone now occupies the same amount of space that the pushed out water occupied.

10.4.1. So the volume of the water pushed out is equal to the stone.