Logic

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Logic by Mind Map: Logic

1. What is it? Logic is a very general description of patterns of stuff we see in the universe. EX.a rock is a rock here is a video going into more detail http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3VFwFDUNf9M

2. A logical fallacy is an error in logic,such as saying a rock is a rock at the same time it isn't a rock.

3. Logically Fallacious Arguments These are arguments that use one or more logical fallacys Any argument that uses a logical fallacy as support is like an architect trying to build on sand.unstable and probably his only option

4. Argument to Authority In this Fallacy,someone tries to use an authoritative figure to bolster their argument An example of this argument would be. Religion A is right because Albert Einstein was a part of Religion A,and he was one of the smartest humans in history This argument does nothing to support Religion A,and tries to use a form of "might makes right"sort of argument video example http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMN36MbXf1o

5. Ad Hominem Attack This is an argument where one attacks the person instead of the actual argument an example would be when someone makes an argument,and the other person says something like."yeah,well,you're a republican,so nothing you say is probably true"this did nothing to refute the argument and only attacked the person to make him seem less credible video example,featuring Obama http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ebT1Oo6yDMI

6. Strawman Fallacy The strawman fallacy is when someone attacks a weaker,incorrect version of your argument,rather than the actual argument,usually because they know they can't defeat it.for example,creationists commonly take evolution,say it's lightning striking a mud puddle,and attack that argument,rather than deal with the actual evidence behind evolution strawman video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v5vzCmURh7o

7. Slippery Slope Fallacy This fallacy goes like this If A,then B,then C,then D(and D is not desireable) ex.if you don't study,you won't pass highschool,then you won't get a good job,then you'll end up flipping burgers all your life.This assumes A will undoubtebly lead to B and so on. The weaknesses of this is if A won't necessarily lead to B,or anything else down that same line,or if there is a branch in this a to b to c slope,such as A leading to B or E,isntead of just to B.Another weakness is if D isn't all that bad as it's made out to be video explanation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DtmAw9Ia7LA

8. Argument Ad Populum Literally a numbers game.This says we have more supporters,that means we're right.Or maybe something like,millions of people can't all be wrong,which is usually used in religion. This argument holds no weight.A billion people believing Twilight is good doesn't give the argument any more weight video explanation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ca6lYrutbkA

9. Circular Arguments These arguments are circular because they go in a circle because they're circular because they go in a circle.These arguments try to support themselves,by saying they're right because they say they are,and is often used in religions,most notably christianity video examplehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5jnlWXkOpOM