History and Philosophy of Psychology

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History and Philosophy of Psychology by Mind Map: History and Philosophy of Psychology

1. Evaluation and Individual Differences

1.1. Herbert Spencer

1.2. Darwin 1809-1882

1.3. Lamark

1.4. Sir Francis Galton 1822-1911

1.4.1. Eugenics

1.5. James Cattell

1.6. Alfred Binet

1.7. Spearman

1.8. Terman

2. Approaches to writing history of psychology

2.1. Precentism

2.2. Historicism

2.3. Zeitgeist

2.4. Great-person

2.5. Historical development

2.6. Eclectic

3. Approaches to Science

3.1. Traditional view

3.1.1. Empirical observations

3.1.2. Theory formulation

3.1.3. Prediction and control

3.1.4. Search for lawful relationships

3.1.5. Assumptions of determinism

3.2. Karl Popper (1902-1994)

3.2.1. Science starts with recognition of a problem

3.2.2. falsifiability

3.2.3. Theories mush make risky predictions

3.2.4. postdiction:

3.3. Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996)

3.3.1. paradigm

3.3.2. puzzle solving

3.3.3. paradigm change

3.3.3.1. stages of scientific development

3.3.3.1.1. preparadigmatic stage

3.3.3.1.2. paradigmatic stage

3.3.3.1.3. revolutionary stage

4. Ancient Greece

4.1. Ancient world

4.1.1. animism

4.1.2. Anthropomorphism

4.1.3. Magic

4.2. First Philosophers

4.2.1. Zeno

4.3. Early Greek Meidicine

4.4. Sophist-The relativity of truth

4.5. Socrates

4.6. Plato

4.7. Aristotle

5. Muslim Scholars 7th-14th Century

5.1. At-Tabari 838-870

5.1.1. Child development

5.1.2. Firdaus al-Hikmah

5.1.3. Need for psychotherapy

5.1.4. Connections between psychology and medicine

5.2. Al-Balkhi 850-934

5.2.1. Differentiated neuroses and psychoses

5.2.2. Classified neurotic disorders

5.2.3. Psychosomatic disorders

5.3. Al-Razi 864-932

5.3.1. promoted psychotherapy

5.3.2. He was master of prognosis, psychosomatic medicine and anatomy

5.3.3. Wrote on measuring intelligence

5.4. Ibn Sina (Avicenna) 980-1037

5.4.1. wrote on mind-body relationship, sensation, perception

5.4.2. called melancholia a mood disorder

5.4.3. five external and internal senses

5.4.4. used psychological methods to treat patients

5.5. Alhzen 965-1040

5.5.1. physics, astronomy, mathematics, ophthalmology, philosophy, visual perception and scientific method

5.5.2. Books of optics

5.5.2.1. argued that vision ocurred in the brain rather than the eyes.

5.6. Ibn Rush (Averroes) 1126-1198

5.6.1. not only sensation but imagination should also be used to detach sufficiently from the sense data for objectivity

5.6.2. discovered that the retina, not the lens, is the light sensitive part of the eye

5.6.3. Hierarchy of learning

5.7. Al-Ghazali

5.7.1. Islamized Greek thought

5.7.2. Famous Books

5.7.2.1. Ihya Ulum ad Din (Revival of the Religious Sciences

5.7.2.2. Al Munkid min ad-Dala (the Savior from Error

5.7.2.3. Ya Ayyuhal Walad (O Young Man

5.7.2.4. Kimya as-Saadah (Alchemy of Happines

5.7.3. Description of Human Nature

5.7.3.1. Qalb

5.7.3.2. Ruh

5.7.3.3. Nafs

5.7.3.4. Aql

5.8. Al Razi 1149-1209

5.8.1. Human soul

5.8.2. Kitab al Nafs Wa'l Ruh (Book of self and soul

5.9. Ibn Arabi 1164-1240

5.9.1. wrote on body and soul, perception, nature of desire, imagination and desires

6. Human Nature

6.1. Determinism

6.1.1. biological determinism

6.1.2. Environmental determinism

6.1.2.1. Nondeterminism (Free will)

6.1.3. Sociocultural determinism

6.2. Nativism

6.2.1. empricism

6.3. rationalism

6.3.1. irrationalism

6.4. universalism

6.4.1. relativism

7. Origin of Human Knowledge

7.1. Epistemology

7.2. Radical empricism

8. Middle Ages 5th 15th Century

8.1. Skepticism

8.2. Cynicism

8.3. Epicureanism

8.4. Philosphy in Rome

8.4.1. Stoicism

8.4.2. Neoplatonism

8.5. The Dark Ages

8.6. Scholasticism

9. Renaissance 14th to 17th Century

9.1. Renaissance Humanism

9.1.1. Individualism

9.1.2. Personal religion

9.1.3. Interest in early Greek

9.1.4. Anti-Aristotelianism

9.2. Ptolemy, Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo

9.3. Isaac Newton

9.4. Francis Bacon

9.5. Rene Descartes

10. British Empiricism

10.1. Thomas Hobbs

10.2. John Locke

10.3. George Berkeley

10.4. David Hume

10.5. David Hartley

10.6. James Mills

10.7. John Stuart Mill

10.8. Alexander Bain

11. Positivism

11.1. Auguste Comte

11.2. Ernst Mach

12. Rationalism

12.1. Spinoza

12.2. Leibniz

12.3. Thomas Reid

12.4. Immanuel Kant

12.5. Hegel

12.6. Herbart

13. Romanticism

13.1. Rousseau

13.2. Goethe

13.3. Schopenhauer

14. Existentialism

14.1. Kierkegaard

14.2. Nietzche

15. Schools of Psychology

15.1. Voluntarism

15.2. Structuralism

15.2.1. Titchener 1867-1927

15.3. Functionalism

15.3.1. William james 1842-1910

15.3.1.1. conciousness

15.3.1.2. components of self

15.3.1.3. theory of emotion

15.3.2. Müstenberg 1863-1916

15.3.2.1. applied psychology

15.3.2.2. forensic pychology

15.3.2.3. Industrial psychology

15.3.2.4. Clinical psychology

15.3.2.4.1. reciprocal antagonism

15.3.3. Marry Calkins 1863-1930

15.3.3.1. self psychology

15.3.4. Stanley Hall 1844-1924

15.3.4.1. Developmental psychology

15.3.4.1.1. recapitulation theory

15.3.5. Thorndike 1874-1949

15.3.5.1. Puzzle box

15.4. Early German Pscyhology

15.4.1. Brentano 1838-1917

15.4.1.1. Act Psychology

15.4.2. Stumpf 1848-1936

15.4.2.1. Phenomenology

15.4.3. Husserl 1859-1938

15.4.3.1. Pure phenomenology

15.4.4. Kulpe 1862-1915

15.4.4.1. mental set

15.4.5. Ebbinghaus 1850-1909

15.4.5.1. memory

15.4.6. Muller 1850-1934

15.5. Psychonalysis

15.5.1. Freud 1856-1939

15.5.2. Jung 1875-1961

15.5.3. Adler 1870-1937

15.5.3.1. inferiority and compensation

15.5.4. Anna Freud 1895-1982

15.5.4.1. defence mechanism

15.5.5. Melanie Klein 1882-1960

15.5.5.1. personal and collective unconscious

15.6. Gestalt Psychology

15.6.1. Wertheimer

15.6.1.1. Phi Phenomenon

15.6.2. Wolfrang Kohler 1887-1967

15.6.2.1. Mentality of apes

15.7. Behaviorism

15.7.1. Ivan Pavlov 1849-1936

15.7.1.1. Classical Conditioning

15.7.2. Watson 1878-1958

15.7.2.1. Little Albert Experiment

15.7.3. McDougal 1871-1938

15.7.4. Neobehaviorism

15.7.4.1. Guthrie 1886-1959

15.7.4.1.1. One trial learning

15.7.4.2. Leonard Hall 1884-1952

15.7.4.3. Skinner 1904-1990

15.7.4.3.1. Operant Behavior

15.7.4.4. Tolman 1886-1959

15.7.4.4.1. Latent learning

15.8. Psychobioloogy

15.8.1. Karl Lashley

15.8.2. Donald Hebb

15.8.3. Ethology

15.9. Existentialist Psychology

15.9.1. Rollo May 1909-1994

15.9.1.1. personal growth

15.9.2. Binswanger 1881-1966

15.9.2.1. Daseinanalysis

15.9.3. George Kelly 1905-1967

15.9.3.1. Constructive alternativism

15.9.3.2. fixed role therapy

15.9.4. Victor Frankl 1905-1997

15.9.4.1. Logotherapy

15.10. Humanistic Psychology

15.11. Cognitive Psychology

15.11.1. Miller 1920-

15.11.1.1. 7+-2