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Ch4 - Organizations as Brains (learning & self-organization) by Mind Map: Ch4 - Organizations as Brains (learning & self-organization)
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Ch4 - Organizations as Brains (learning & self-organization)

Organizations as holographic brains

The brain is both holographic and specialized

Increasing uncertainty results in desire to control outputs as opposed to behavior

Single & double loop learning (challenging operating norms)

What type of environment is needed to allow the challenging of operating norms?

Building holographic qualities in organizations

Build the whole into the parts

Importance of redundancy

Requisite variety

Minimum specs

Learn to learn

Leadership & Teams

Patterns emerge rather than being imposed

Requisite variety - put variety into the system where it's needed

Leaders need to move toward facilitation and boundary management

Leadership doesn't have to be institutionalized / pre-defined

Keep loose boundaries within functional areas

Grow large while staying small (holographic structures)

Holistic teams have diversified roles


There is no coherent image of the brain shared by all, so we use sub-metaphors like holograms

Blind spots

Continuous learning must be accompanied by appropriate societal purpose or it may be in service to negative outcomes


Identifies the requirements of learning organizations

Powerful way of thinking about info tech and how it can be used to support learning orgs

Invites rethinking industrial management principles