ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ СВОЙСТВА КАРБОНОВЫХ КИСЛОТ

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ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ СВОЙСТВА КАРБОНОВЫХ КИСЛОТ by Mind Map: ХИМИЧЕСКИЕ СВОЙСТВА КАРБОНОВЫХ КИСЛОТ

1. 2. -C-O-H

1.1. 1.1. CH3COOH+PCl3=CH3COCl+H3PO4

1.2. 1.2. CH3COOH+PCl5=CH3COCl+POCl3+HCl

1.3. 1.3. CH3COOH+SOCl2=CH3COCl+SO2+HCl

1.4. 2.1. CH3COOH+NH3=CH3CONH2+H2O

1.5. 2.2 CH3COOH+HO-C2H5=CH3COOC2H5+H2O

2. 3. -C=O

2.1. CH3COOH=(LiAlH4) CH3CH2OH

3. 4. H-C-

3.1. 1. CH3COOH+Cl2=(P, hv, t) CH2(Cl)-COOH

3.2. 2. CH3COOH+2Cl2=(P, hv, t) CH(Cl)2-COOH

4. 1. -O-H

4.1. 1. 2CH3COOH+Mg=(CH3COO)2Mg+H2

4.2. 2. 2CH3COOH+Na2O=2CH3COONa+H2O

4.3. 3. HCOOH+NaOH=HCOONa+H2O

4.4. 4. CH3COOH+NaHCO3=CH3COONa+CO2+H2O

4.5. 5. CH3COOH+NH3=CH3COONH4

5. 5. Межмолекулярная дегидратация

5.1. CH3COOH+HOOCCH3=(P2O5) C4H6O2+H2O