Gender, Kinship, and the Family in China

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Gender, Kinship, and the Family in China by Mind Map: Gender, Kinship, and the Family in China

1. Han Chinese

1.1. Patriarcial Society

1.1.1. Men become junzi (gentlemen) and it is the woman's job to help men become junzi.

1.2. Confuscianism

1.2.1. Five most important relationships: ruler/minister, friend/friend, father/son, husband/wife, and elder brother/younger brother.

1.2.1.1. Women inferior to men.

1.2.2. Pattern of Heaven --> needed to prevent disorder.

1.2.2.1. Children honor parents equally

1.3. Life Stages of a Han Chinese Woman

1.3.1. Han Chinese girls at severe disadvantage

1.3.1.1. Marriage practices lead to breakdown of woman's kinship network.

1.3.1.2. When married become property of husband and his family.

1.3.1.2.1. Meant to serve husbands mother and provide heirs.

2. Post 1949 Trends

2.1. One child poicy

2.1.1. Attempts to eliminate ancestor worship --> Chinese Communist Party is anti-religion.

2.2. Child marriage and concubinage prohibited.

3. Alternate Models of Chinese Kinship

3.1. The Dai

3.1.1. Gender equality among men and women.

3.1.2. Married couple act as a unit.

3.1.2.1. Raise children equally.

3.1.3. Kinship is bilateral.

3.2. The Mosuo

3.2.1. Matriartical society

3.2.2. Marriage exists solely for reproduction and sexual urges.

3.2.2.1. Children belong to mothers household

3.2.2.2. Biological father not present or even known.

3.2.2.2.1. Male figure in children's live is mothers brother.

3.3. The Lahu

3.3.1. No surnames make lineage simple

3.3.1.1. Once child is born parents lose their names.

3.3.2. Kinship is bilateral.

3.3.3. Women able to divorce husbands easily --> just move out.

3.3.4. Husband must live in wife's childhood home for three years before they can go out into the community.