defect in gas exchange in alveoli in chronic bronchitis
coronary artery disease
conginetal, can cause cyanosis
growing tumor or cancer, because it is not related to breathing or exertion
cough to clear the mucus
bronchitis can occur
smokers cough, in the morning, moist
can cause weight loss, reduced muscle mass
mesothelioma can cause vague chest pain
fibrosis or emphysema because of increased inflammation at the parynchema of the lung
most patients of chronic smoker have increase hemoglobin levels, secondary polycythemia
puffing, pushing air out forcefully
flight, a lot of stairs
vague, not clear or in one place (diffuse)
exertion, physical activity
56 yo male
increasing breathlessness and cyanosis while exertion, for four years
persistant cough for the past with small amounts of grey white sputum, two years, in the morning
vague chest pain not connected to breathing
COPD, developed by chronic smoking, leading to cardiac problems as complication, chronic bronchitis?
lung cancer, mesothelioma, causing the vague chest pain, most of the times co-existance of bronchitis and emphysema, asbestos exposure can explain it, or other types of lung cancer, did he lose weight?
pulmonary fibrosis, can be caused by asbestosis
cardiopulmonary diseases, cor pulmonale
occupational lung disease
pathophysiology for the process of cyanosis, why COPD can cause cyanosis, smoking and cyanosis
occupational respiratory diseases, what is common in navy, asbestosis and mesothelioma, neoplasms, fibrotic lung diseases
what causes vague chest pain, not related to breathing or exertion, could it be caused by lung cancer?
56 yo ex-navy seaman smoker, with a history of breathlessness, cyanosis, productive cough (greyish-white sputum), and vague chest pain.
obstruction in the airway, mucus secretion, muscle hypertrophy, can be casued by COPD
either the patient can't breathe or won't breathe, less saturation in the medulla make the won't breathe, obstruction leads to can't breathe
bluish discoloration of the skin because of decreased oxygen levels in the blood (hypoxemia)
cor pulmonale, seen in advanced COPD