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Rocket clouds

1. Cell structure

1.1. Cell wall

1.2. Internal

1.2.1. Cytoplasm

1.2.2. Nucleus

1.2.3. Organelles (lysosomes)

1.2.4. Mitochondria

1.2.5. Cytoskeleton

1.2.6. Endospore

1.3. External

1.3.1. Flagella

1.3.2. Cilia

1.3.3. Glycocalyx (surface coat)

2. RNA nucleic acid

2.1. Single-stranded

2.1.1. (+) positive polarity (i.e. Poliovirus)

2.1.2. (-) negative polarity (i.e. Influenza virus)

2.1.3. reverse transcriptase (i.e. HIV/AIDS)

2.2. Double-stranded

2.2.1. i.e. Rotavirus (gastroenteritis)

3. DNA nucleic acid

3.1. Double-stranded (i.e. Herpes Simplex II virus)

3.2. Single-stranded (i.e. Parvovirus)

4. Eukaryotes

4.1. Non-cellular (non-living)

4.1.1. Virus Viroid (parasite virus-like pathogen that affects plants) Satellite virus (virus that affects another virus) Reproduces with replication

4.1.2. Prion Made of proteins, no nucleic acid

4.2. Cellular (Living)

4.2.1. Unicellular Protozoan Trophozoite stage (living stage) Cyst stage (dormant stage) Heterotrophic (uses complex organic food) Requires moisture Does not colonize No cell wall Fungus Macroscopic Microscopic Grows well in moisture Heterotrophic (complex organic food requirement Obligate(dies in contact with O2) or facultative anaerobe (does not require but can live in contact with O2)

4.2.2. Multicellular Helminth Platyhelminthe (flat worm) Aschelminthe (round worm) Three (3) life stages

5. Prokaryotes

5.1. Archaea

5.1.1. Survive extreme temperatures (i.e. volcanoes, Arctic)

5.2. Bacterium

5.2.1. Cell wall Gram-Negative (-) Thin Peptidoglycan wall Gram-Positive (+) Thick Peptidogylcan wall

5.2.2. Spore-Producing

5.2.3. Nucleoid (condensed DNA containing bacterial chromosomes)

5.2.4. Pilus Allows exchange of DNA

5.2.5. Reproduces with Binary Fission

5.2.6. Requires organic source of carbon

5.2.7. Mesophile (20-40 degrees Celcius)

6. Nomenclature

6.1. SAME

6.2. Except Viruses