mHealth Evidence Taxonomy

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mHealth Evidence Taxonomy by Mind Map: mHealth Evidence Taxonomy

1. Location

1.1. Africa

1.1.1. Eastern Africa

1.1.2. Central Africa

1.1.3. Northern Africa

1.1.4. Southern Africa

1.1.5. Western Africa

1.2. Americas

1.2.1. Caribbean

1.2.2. Central America

1.2.3. South America

1.2.4. Northern America

1.3. Asia

1.3.1. Central Asia

1.3.2. Eastern Asia

1.3.3. Southern Asia

1.3.4. South-eastern Asia

1.3.5. Western Asia

1.4. Europe

1.4.1. Eastern Europe

1.4.2. Northern Europe

1.4.3. Southern Europe

1.4.4. Western Europe

1.5. Oceania

1.5.1. Australia and New Zealand

1.5.2. Melanesia

1.5.3. Micronesia

1.5.4. Polynesia

2. Stage of development

2.1. Pre-prototype

2.2. Prototype

2.3. Pilot

2.4. Limited demonstration

2.5. Scaled demonstration

2.6. Integration

3. Stage of evaluation

3.1. Feasibility and usability

3.1.1. Descriptive qualitative

3.1.2. Cross sectional descriptive survey

3.2. Efficacy

3.2.1. Cohort study

3.2.2. Cross sectional analytic

3.2.3. Case-control study

3.3. Effectiveness

3.3.1. Randomized parallel groups

3.3.2. Randomized crossover

3.3.3. Stepped wedge design

3.4. Implementation science

4. Health System Application

4.1. *Client education and behavior change communication

4.1.1. Mass messaging campaigns

4.1.2. Hotlines and information services

4.1.3. Appointment reminders

4.1.4. Medication adherence

4.1.5. General wellness

4.2. Workforce development and support

4.2.1. *Provider training and education

4.2.2. *Provider work planning and scheduling

4.2.3. *Human resource management

4.2.4. Supportive supervision

4.2.5. Constituent feedback on service quality

4.3. Service delivery

4.3.1. *Electronic decision support

4.3.2. *Provider to provider communication

4.3.3. Remote client-to-provider consultations (Telemedicine)

4.3.4. Disease prevention

4.3.5. Disease diagnosis/Point-of-care diagnostics

4.4. Information systems

4.4.1. *Data collection and reporting

4.4.2. *Electronic health records

4.4.3. *Registries / Vital events tracking

4.4.4. Service delivery statistics

4.4.5. Surveillance

4.4.6. Household surveys

4.5. *Financial transactions and incentives

4.5.1. Payment for services

4.5.2. Conditional cash transfers

4.5.3. Savings accounts

4.5.4. Insurance

4.5.5. Performance-based incentives

4.6. *Supply chain management

4.6.1. Cold chain management

4.6.2. Stock out prevention

4.6.3. Counterfeit prevention

4.6.4. Maintenance of equipment

4.7. Governance

4.7.1. Constituent feedback on service quality

4.7.2. *Human resource management

4.7.3. *Provider workplanning and scheduling

5. Technology

5.1. Channel

5.1.1. Voice

5.1.2. SMS

5.1.3. MMS

5.1.4. Internet

5.1.5. Bluetooth

5.1.6. RF/NFC

5.2. Content format

5.2.1. Text

5.2.2. Image

5.2.3. Audio

5.2.4. Video

5.3. Technology Functions

5.3.1. Digital form

5.3.2. Digital protocol

5.3.3. Decision Support algorithm

5.3.4. Electronic checklists

5.3.5. Electronic case lists

5.3.6. Mobile phone calendar

5.3.7. Chat / Discussion Community

5.3.8. Installed application

5.3.9. Closed User Group

5.3.10. IVR

6. Health domain

6.1. Family planning and reproductive health

6.1.1. Safe sex

6.1.2. *Contraception

6.1.3. Safe abortion care

6.1.4. Birth spacing

6.1.5. *Infertility

6.1.6. *Female genital mutilation

6.2. Maternal health

6.2.1. *Pregnancy

6.2.2. Antenatal care

6.2.3. Miscarriage

6.2.4. Ectopic pregnancy

6.2.5. Oligohydramnios

6.2.6. Gestational diabetes

6.2.7. Maternal sepsis

6.2.8. Gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia

6.2.9. Placenta previa

6.2.10. Placental abruption

6.2.11. Pre-term labor

6.2.12. Obstructed labor

6.2.13. Postpartum hemorrhage

6.2.14. Breastfeeding

6.2.15. Caesarian sections

6.2.16. Postpartum infections

6.2.17. Genital tears/epistomes

6.2.18. Bleeding

6.3. Child health

6.3.1. Growth and development

6.3.1.1. Screenings

6.3.1.2. Growth curves

6.3.1.3. Developmental milestones

6.3.2. Vaccines

6.3.2.1. BCG

6.3.2.2. Diphtheria

6.3.2.3. Pertussis

6.3.2.4. Tetanus

6.3.2.5. Polio

6.3.2.6. Hepatitis B

6.3.2.7. H. influenza B

6.3.2.8. Pneumonia

6.3.2.9. HPV

6.3.2.10. Measles

6.3.2.11. Mumps

6.3.2.12. Rubella

6.3.3. Perinatal conditions

6.3.3.1. Breech presentation

6.3.3.2. IUGR

6.3.3.3. Prematurity/low birth weight

6.3.3.4. Birth asphyxia

6.3.3.5. Birth trauma/injury

6.3.3.6. Neonatal infections during birth

6.3.3.7. Jaundice

6.4. Infectious, parasitic and vector-borne disease

6.4.1. *Tuberculosis

6.4.2. *STIs, excluding HIV

6.4.3. *HIV/AIDS

6.4.4. *Diarrhoeal disease

6.4.5. *Hepatitis

6.4.6. *Malaria

6.4.7. *Parasitic Infections

6.4.8. Vector-Borne

6.4.9. *Respiratory tract infections (URI, LRI, OM)

6.4.10. Intestinal nematodes

6.4.11. Respiratory infections (URI, LRI, OM)

6.5. Non-communicable disease

6.5.1. *Cancer

6.5.2. *Diabetes

6.5.3. Cardiovascular disease

6.5.4. *Obesity

6.5.5. Asthma

6.5.6. Smoking

6.5.7. Alcohol use

6.5.8. Dental carries

6.6. Nutrition

6.6.1. Pregnancy nutrition

6.6.2. Protein energy malnutrition

6.6.3. Iodine deficiency

6.6.4. Vit A deficiency

6.6.5. Vit D deficiency

6.6.6. Iron deficiency anemia

6.7. *Mental health

6.8. *Violence

6.8.1. *Violence against women (inc. Rape)

6.8.2. Intimate partner violence (IPV)

6.8.3. Familial violence (non-IPV)

6.8.4. Community violence

6.9. Unintentional injury

6.9.1. *Road traffic accidents

6.9.2. *Poisonings

6.9.3. Falls

6.9.4. *Burns

6.9.5. Drowning

6.9.6. *Injuries

7. Health System Constraint

7.1. Information

7.1.1. Lack of population enumeration

7.1.2. Delayed reporting of events

7.1.3. Quality/unreliability of data

7.1.4. Communication roadblocks

7.1.5. Access to information or data

7.2. Availability

7.2.1. ***Demographic Data Availability

7.2.2. Limited supply of commodities

7.2.3. Lack of equipment or devices

7.2.4. Limited availability to health information/data by CHW

7.2.5. Limited availability of health services for patients

7.2.6. Limited availability of treatment options

7.3. Quality

7.3.1. ***Quality / Reliability of Data

7.3.2. Poor quality of health service provision

7.3.3. Poor quality of medication

7.3.4. Skill level of health care workers

7.3.5. Lack of supportive supervision

7.3.6. Lack of health worker motivation

7.3.7. Poor continuity of care

7.3.8. Non-functional or poorly-functional equipment

7.4. Acceptability

7.4.1. Poor alignment with social and cultural norms

7.4.2. Poor alignment with individual beliefs and practices

7.5. Efficiency

7.5.1. ***Workflow Management

7.5.2. Effective resource allocation

7.5.3. Unnecessary referrals/transportation

7.5.4. Planning and coordination

7.5.5. Timeliness of care

7.6. Cost

7.6.1. Expenses related to commodity production

7.6.2. Expenses related to commodity supply

7.6.3. Expenses related to commodity disbursement

7.6.4. Expenses related to service delivery

7.6.5. Client-side expenses

7.7. Other - where do these go?

7.7.1. Lack of health worker accountability

7.7.2. Loss to follow up

7.7.3. Demand for services

7.7.4. Geographic inaccessibility

7.7.5. Low adherence to treatments

7.7.6. Loss to follow up

8. Target User

8.1. Client

8.2. Social support network

8.3. Facility-based health worker

8.4. Community-based health worker

8.5. Manager

9. Beneficiary age range

9.1. Newborn

9.2. Infant

9.3. Toddler

9.4. Child

9.5. Young people (10-24)

9.6. Adult

9.7. Senior

10. Special population

10.1. At-risk

10.2. Children < 5 years

10.3. Correctional

10.4. Disabled

10.5. Drug users

10.6. Family

10.7. Immigrant and refugee

10.8. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender

10.9. Men

10.10. Orphans and vulnerable children

10.11. Parent

10.12. Racial and ethnic minorities

10.13. Rural

10.14. Students

10.15. Urban

10.16. Workforce

10.17. Women

11. Care Model

11.1. Preventive

11.1.1. Routine well-health visits

11.1.2. Educational instruction

11.2. Short-term

11.2.1. Care of mild illnesses with brief duration of treatment

11.2.2. Care of minor trauma

11.2.3. Care of quickly treatable infections

11.3. Acute or emergency

11.3.1. Care of severe illnesses or trauma

11.3.2. Care of life threatening illness or trauma

11.4. Continuous

11.4.1. Care of chronic conditions

11.4.2. Care of illnesses with longer duration of treatment