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mHealth Evidence Taxonomy by Mind Map: mHealth Evidence
Taxonomy
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mHealth Evidence Taxonomy

Location

UN Statistics Department: Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions and geographical sub-regions.

Africa

Eastern Africa

Central Africa

Northern Africa

Southern Africa

Western Africa

Americas

Caribbean

Central America

South America

Northern America

Asia

Central Asia

Eastern Asia

Southern Asia

South-eastern Asia

Western Asia

Europe

Eastern Europe

Northern Europe

Southern Europe

Western Europe

Oceania

Australia and New Zealand

Melanesia

Micronesia

Polynesia

Stage of development

Pre-prototype

Prototype

Pilot

Limited demonstration

Scaled demonstration

Integration

Stage of evaluation

Feasibility and usability

Descriptive qualitative

Cross sectional descriptive survey

Efficacy

Cohort study

Cross sectional analytic

Case-control study

Effectiveness

Randomized parallel groups

Randomized crossover

Stepped wedge design

Implementation science

Health System Application

Based on WHO "Monitoring the building blocks of health systems: a handbook of indicators and their measurement strategies."

*Client education and behavior change communication

Mass messaging campaigns

Hotlines and information services

Appointment reminders

Medication adherence

General wellness

Workforce development and support

*Provider training and education

*Provider work planning and scheduling

*Human resource management

Supportive supervision

Constituent feedback on service quality

Service delivery

*Electronic decision support

*Provider to provider communication

Remote client-to-provider consultations (Telemedicine)

Disease prevention

Disease diagnosis/Point-of-care diagnostics

Information systems

*Data collection and reporting

*Electronic health records

*Registries / Vital events tracking

Service delivery statistics

Surveillance

Household surveys

*Financial transactions and incentives

Mobilization, accumulation and allocation of money, including: payment for services; conditional cash transfers and performance-based financing; and savings accounts and insurance.

Payment for services

Conditional cash transfers

Savings accounts

Insurance

Performance-based incentives

*Supply chain management

Cold chain management

Stock out prevention

Counterfeit prevention

Maintenance of equipment

Governance

Constituent feedback on service quality

*Human resource management

*Provider workplanning and scheduling

Technology

Channel

Voice

SMS

MMS

Internet

Bluetooth

RF/NFC

Content format

Text

Image

Audio

Video

Technology Functions

(e.g. software applications)

Digital form

Digital protocol

Decision Support algorithm

Electronic checklists

Electronic case lists

Mobile phone calendar

Chat / Discussion Community

Installed application

Closed User Group

IVR

Health domain

* means this domain is covered by WHO health topics

Family planning and reproductive health

Family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility.

Safe sex

*Contraception

Safe abortion care

Birth spacing

*Infertility

*Female genital mutilation

Maternal health

*Pregnancy

Antenatal care

Miscarriage

Ectopic pregnancy

Oligohydramnios

Gestational diabetes

Maternal sepsis

Gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia

Placenta previa

Placental abruption

Pre-term labor

Obstructed labor

Postpartum hemorrhage

Breastfeeding

Caesarian sections

Postpartum infections

Genital tears/epistomes

Bleeding

Child health

Growth and development, Screenings, Growth curves, Developmental milestones

Vaccines, BCG, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, H. influenza B, Pneumonia, HPV, Measles, Mumps, Rubella

Perinatal conditions, Breech presentation, IUGR, Prematurity/low birth weight, Birth asphyxia, Birth trauma/injury, Neonatal infections during birth, Jaundice

Infectious, parasitic and vector-borne disease

*Tuberculosis

*STIs, excluding HIV

*HIV/AIDS

*Diarrhoeal disease

*Hepatitis

*Malaria

*Parasitic Infections

Vector-Borne

*Respiratory tract infections (URI, LRI, OM)

Intestinal nematodes

Respiratory infections (URI, LRI, OM)

Non-communicable disease

*Cancer

*Diabetes

Cardiovascular disease

*Obesity

Asthma

Smoking

Alcohol use

Dental carries

Nutrition

Pregnancy nutrition

Protein energy malnutrition

Iodine deficiency

Vit A deficiency

Vit D deficiency

Iron deficiency anemia

*Mental health

*Violence

*Violence against women (inc. Rape)

Intimate partner violence (IPV)

Familial violence (non-IPV)

Community violence

Unintentional injury

*Road traffic accidents

*Poisonings

Falls

*Burns

Drowning

*Injuries

Health System Constraint

Barriers and challenges that impede optimal health service delivery. I'm putting the Utilization data here so we don't lose it: low demand for services; low uptake of services; low adherence to treatment; loss to follow-up

Information

Lack of population enumeration

Delayed reporting of events

Quality/unreliability of data

Communication roadblocks

Access to information or data

Availability

Physical availability and supply of health services.

***Demographic Data Availability

Limited supply of commodities

Lack of equipment or devices

Limited availability to health information/data by CHW

Limited availability of health services for patients

Limited availability of treatment options

Quality

Relevance and effectiveness of health services.

***Quality / Reliability of Data

Poor quality of health service provision

Poor quality of medication

Skill level of health care workers

Lack of supportive supervision

Lack of health worker motivation

Poor continuity of care

Non-functional or poorly-functional equipment

Acceptability

Alingment of health services with individual, social and cultural beliefs, interests, needs and practices.

Poor alignment with social and cultural norms

Poor alignment with individual beliefs and practices

Efficiency

Time or effort required to implement health services.

***Workflow Management

Effective resource allocation

Unnecessary referrals/transportation

Planning and coordination

Timeliness of care

Cost

Monetary expense related to the delivery or use of health services.

Expenses related to commodity production

Expenses related to commodity supply

Expenses related to commodity disbursement

Expenses related to service delivery

Client-side expenses

Other - where do these go?

Lack of health worker accountability

Loss to follow up

Demand for services

Geographic inaccessibility

Low adherence to treatments

Loss to follow up

Target User

The user of an mHealth strategy.

Client

The direct consumer and benificiary of a health service.

Social support network

A family member or friend (not trained or certified) who provides unpaid, non-clinical care for a client who requires their assistance.

Facility-based health worker

A formally recognized member of the health system responsible for directly or indirectly providing health services, including: physicians, nurses, midwives and other clinical staff; pharmacists and laboratory technicians; environmental and public health workers.

Community-based health worker

Formally recognized care provider, based in the community, providing preventative and curative services. Activity is not limited to a fixed site. Also sometimes referred to as "Frontline" or "Community" Health Workers.

Manager

One who is responsible for planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling human, financial and material resources, for the purposes of delivering health services.

Beneficiary age range

The age range of the individual who is the beneficiary of the mHealth strategy. Based on CDC life stages.

Newborn

Birth to 1 month.

Infant

1 month to 12 months.

Toddler

1 year to 3 years.

Child

4 years to 11 years.

Young people (10-24)

WHO definitions 10 years to 19 years = adolescence 15-24 = youth young people = 10-24 years

Adult

20 years - 49 years.

Senior

50 years and older.

Special population

The special class of individual for whose benefit an mHealth strategy is implemented.

At-risk

Children < 5 years

Correctional

Disabled

Drug users

Family

Immigrant and refugee

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender

Men

Orphans and vulnerable children

Parent

Racial and ethnic minorities

Rural

Students

Urban

Workforce

Women

Care Model

Preventive

Routine well-health visits

Educational instruction

Short-term

Care of mild illnesses with brief duration of treatment

Care of minor trauma

Care of quickly treatable infections

Acute or emergency

Care of severe illnesses or trauma

Care of life threatening illness or trauma

Continuous

Care of chronic conditions

Care of illnesses with longer duration of treatment