English Grammar - Tenses

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English Grammar - Tenses by Mind Map: English Grammar - Tenses

1. Past

1.1. Simple

1.1.1. Active

1.1.1.1. A: He washed it.

1.1.1.2. N: He didn't wash it.

1.1.1.3. Q: Did he wash it?

1.1.2. Passive

1.1.2.1. A: It was washed.

1.1.2.2. N: It wasn't washed.

1.1.2.3. Q: Was it washed?

1.2. Continuous

1.2.1. Active

1.2.1.1. A: He was washing the car.

1.2.1.2. N: He wasn't washing the car.

1.2.1.3. Q: Was he washing the car?

1.2.2. Passive

1.2.2.1. A: It was being washed.

1.2.2.2. N: It wasn't being washed.

1.2.2.3. Q: was it being washed?

1.3. Perfect

1.3.1. Simple

1.3.1.1. Active

1.3.1.1.1. A: He'd washed it.

1.3.1.1.2. N: He hadn't washed it.

1.3.1.1.3. Q: Had he washed it?

1.3.1.2. Passive

1.3.1.2.1. A: It'd been washed.

1.3.1.2.2. N: It hadn't been washed.

1.3.1.2.3. Q: Had it been washed?

1.3.2. Continuous

1.3.2.1. Active

1.3.2.1.1. A: It'd been raining.

1.3.2.1.2. N: It hadn't been raining.

1.3.2.1.3. Q: Had it been raining?

1.3.2.2. Passive

2. Future

2.1. Planned

2.1.1. Active

2.1.1.1. A: I'm going to wash the car.

2.1.1.2. N: I'm not going to wash the car.

2.1.1.3. Q: Are you going to wash the car?

2.1.2. Passive

2.1.2.1. A: The car is going to be washed.

2.1.2.2. N: The car isn't going to be washed.

2.1.2.3. Q: Is the car going to be washed?

2.2. Unplanned

2.2.1. Active

2.2.1.1. A: I will wash the car.

2.2.1.2. N: I won't wash the car.

2.2.1.3. Q: Will you wash the car?

2.2.2. Passive

2.2.2.1. A: The car will be washed.

2.2.2.2. N: The car won't be washed.

2.2.2.3. Q: Will the car be washed?

2.3. Perfect

2.3.1. Simple

2.3.1.1. Acitve

2.3.1.1.1. A: I will have washed the car 5 times by March.

2.3.1.1.2. N: I won't have washed the car 5 times by February.

2.3.1.1.3. Q: Will you have washed the car 5 times by March?

2.3.1.2. Passive

2.3.1.2.1. A: The car will have been washed 5 times by March.

2.3.1.2.2. N: The car won't have been washed 5 times by February.

2.3.1.2.3. Q: Will the car have been washed 5 times by March?

2.3.2. Continuous

2.3.2.1. A: I will have been washing that car for five years this June.

2.3.2.2. N: I won't have been washing that car for five years in March.

2.3.2.3. Q: Will you have been washing that car for five years in March?

3. Present

3.1. Simple

3.1.1. Passive

3.1.1.1. A: It's washed.

3.1.1.2. N: It's not washed.

3.1.1.3. Q: Is it washed?

3.1.2. Active

3.1.2.1. A: He washes the car.

3.1.2.2. N: He doesn't wash the car.

3.1.2.3. Q: Does he wash the car?

3.2. Continuous

3.2.1. Active

3.2.1.1. A: He's washing it.

3.2.1.2. N: He isn't washing it.

3.2.1.3. Q: Is he washing it?

3.2.2. Passive

3.2.2.1. A: It's being washed.

3.2.2.2. N: It's not being washed.

3.2.2.3. Q: Is it being washed?

3.3. Perfect

3.3.1. Simple

3.3.1.1. Active

3.3.1.1.1. A: He's washed it.

3.3.1.1.2. N: He hasn't washed it.

3.3.1.1.3. Q: Has he washed it?

3.3.1.2. Passive

3.3.1.2.1. A: It's been washed.

3.3.1.2.2. N: It hasn't been washed.

3.3.1.2.3. Q: Has it been washed?

3.3.2. Continuous

3.3.2.1. Active

3.3.2.1.1. A: He's been washing the car.

3.3.2.1.2. N: He's not been washing the car.

3.3.2.1.3. Q: Has he been washing the car?

3.3.2.2. Passive

4. Conditionals

4.1. Zero (certain)

4.1.1. A: If it rains, the road becomes wet.

4.1.2. N: If it does not rain, people wear sunglasses.

4.1.3. Q: If it rains, does the road become wet?

4.2. First (likely)

4.2.1. A: If it rains, drivers will slow down.

4.2.2. N: If it does not rain, drivers will go faster.

4.2.3. Q: If it rains, will drivers slow down?

4.3. Second (unlikely)

4.3.1. A: If it rained, my clothes would be ruined.

4.3.2. N: If it did not rain, my clothes would be dry.

4.3.3. Q: If it rained, would my clothes be ok?

4.4. Third (impossible)

4.4.1. A: If it had rained on Friday, it would have ruined the carnival.

4.4.2. N: If it had not rained on Friday, we would have had a picnic.

4.4.3. Q: If it had rained on Friday, would we have gone out?

5. Modals

5.1. Can

5.1.1. A: I can wash the car.

5.1.2. N: I can't wash the car.

5.1.3. Q: Can you wash the car?

5.2. Could

5.2.1. A: I could wash the car.

5.2.2. N: I couldn't wash the car.

5.2.3. Q: Could you wash the car?

5.3. May

5.3.1. A: I may wash the car.

5.3.2. N: I may not wash the car.

5.3.3. Q: May I wash the car?

5.4. Might

5.4.1. A: I might wash the car.

5.4.2. N: I might not wash the car.

5.4.3. Q: Might I wash the car?

5.5. Must

5.5.1. A: I must wash the car.

5.5.2. N: I must not wash the car.

5.5.3. Q: Must I wash the car?

5.6. Ought to

5.6.1. A: I ought to wash the car.

5.6.2. N: I ought not to wash the car.

5.6.3. Q: -Not normally used as a question

5.7. Shall

5.7.1. A: I shall wash the car.

5.7.2. N: I shall not wash the car.

5.7.3. Q: Shall I wash the car?

5.8. Should

5.8.1. A: I should wash the car.

5.8.2. N: I shouldn't wash the car.

5.8.3. Q: Should I wash the car?

5.9. Would

5.9.1. A: I'd wash the car.

5.9.2. N: I wouldn't wash the car.

5.9.3. Q: Would you wash the car?