consist of five layers, undergrowth, shrub, understorey, canopy, emergent
have tall, straight, thick trunks
"our ground is sparse and largely made up of grasses, ferns, mosses and fungi"
large variety, one hectare, 750 species of trees and 1500 species of other plants
"my cousins are called Kerulng, Kapur, Chengal and Meranti"
extremely dense due to high temperature and rainfall
evergreen due to high rainfall
do not shed leaves
large and broad, maximise surface area
drip-tip and waxy surface to prevent harmful bacteria and drain rainwater
10 degree North and South
27 degree celsius
3 horizontal zones with no vertical layers, 2metre-40metre, average height is 15metre
grow on muddy and clayey soil, e.g. Sea Hibiscus and Nipah Palm
dense and luxuriant due to high temperature and rainfall
continuous canopy hence competition for sunlight
broad with drip-tip, allow water to flow off quickly
coastal regions, 23.5 degrees North and South in the tropics
consist of 3 layers, canopy, understorey, undergrowth
200 species in one hectare
"Teak, Sandalwood and Sals are my pals"
less dense than tropical rainforest but plant growth is abundant, wet season, very dense and luxuriant, dry season, appears sparse
deciduous, shed leaves during dry seasons
waxy with drip-tips
more than or equals to 1500 mm/year
26 degree celsius
"you can find me at 10-25 degree North and South
no distinct layers, grow tall and generally uniform in height
little undergrowth due to low amount of sunlight received
few species of trees, due to not many plants being able to adapt to low temperatures, only a single or mix of at most 2-3 species grow in an area
"my cousins are Pine, Spruce and Fir"
not dense due to low temperature, in addition, precipitation cannot support dense vegetation growth
evergreen and do not shed leaves in autumn
"i'm always green and have needle like leaves"
average of 20-21 degree celsius
60 degree North - 70 degree North
"i love snow and don't mind even when its -40 degree celsius"
"i come from Alaska and my uncle lives in Sweden now"