Chapter 4 : Internet& WWW

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Chapter 4 : Internet& WWW by Mind Map: Chapter 4 : Internet& WWW

1. The Internet

1.1. Beginning Of Internet

1.1.1. The Internet is a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals

1.1.2. The Internet originated as ARPANET in September 1969 and had two main goals:

1.2. An access provider

1.2.1. An access provider is a business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee ISP : Internet Service Provider OSP : Online Service Provider WISP : Wireless Internet Service Provider

1.3. Evolution of Internet

1.3.1. An IP address is a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet

1.3.2. A domain name is the text version of an IP address>>Top-level domain (TLD)

1.3.3. A DNS server translates the domain name into its associated IP address

2. The World Wide Web

2.1. Consist Of

2.1.1. The World Wide Web, or Web, consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents (Web pages) A home page is the first page that a Web site displays Web pages provide links to other related Web pages>> Surfing the Web Downloading is the process of receiving information A Web page has a unique address called a URL or Web address

2.1.2. A Web site is a collection of related Web pages and associated items

2.1.3. A Web server is a computer that delivers requested Web pages to your computer

2.1.4. Web 2.0 refers to Web sites that provide a means for users to interact

3. Other Internet Services

3.1. E-mail

3.1.1. E-mail is the transmission of messages and files via a computer network

3.1.2. An e-mail program allows you to create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete e-mail messages

3.1.3. A mailing list is a group of e-mail names and addresses given a single name Subscribing adds your e-mail name and address Unsubscribing removes your name

3.2. Instant messaging (IM)

3.2.1. Instant messaging (IM) is a real-time Internet communications service

3.3. chat

3.3.1. A chat is a real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer

3.3.2. A chat room is a location on an Internet server that permits users to chat with each other

3.4. VoIP (Voice over IP)

3.4.1. VoIP (Voice over IP) enables users to speak to other users over the Internet Also called Internet telephony

4. Other deatils

4.1. A newsgroup is an online area in which users have written discussions about a particular subject

4.1.1. Typically requires a newsreader

4.2. A message board is a Web-based type of discussion group

4.3. FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

4.3.1. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is an Internet standard that permits file uploading and downloading with other computers on the Internet

4.3.2. Many operating systems include FTP capabilities

4.3.3. An FTP server is a computer that allows users to upload and/or download files using FTP

4.4. Netiquette is the code of acceptable Internet behavior