Learning Theories

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Learning Theories by Mind Map: Learning Theories

1. Cognitivism

1.1. Prior knowledge is key in learning

1.2. Mind is a computer

1.3. Response to behavorism

1.4. EXAMPLE: Mnemonic devices to remember rules

1.5. CRITICISM: Knowledge is given and absolute. As teachers we have to be aware that our teaching is not necessarily being learned.

1.6. Prezi and electronic note taking are examples of cognitivist technologies.

1.7. Believes behaviorists are too dependent on overt behavior to explain learning

2. Connectivism

2.1. -people learn through contact

2.2. -knowledge exists in the world rather than in the head of an individual

2.3. -provides insight into learning skills and tasks needed for learners to flourish in a digital era

2.4. EXAMPLE: Bookmark five good grammar sites and find a good grammar checking program.

2.5. CRITICISM: pedagogical view not a theory of learning.

2.6. Twitter, Facebook, and Search Engines are examples of connectivism.

3. Constructivism

3.1. Learners are NOT empty vessels to be filled with knowledge

3.2. Learners build new knowledge based on the foundation of previous knowledge

3.3. EXAMPLE: Write stories, essays (make corrections as you go)

3.4. CRITICISM: time consuming, subjective learning, and difficult to assess.

4. Behaviorism

4.1. -Modelling, shaping, cuing, drill and practice

4.2. Technologies: iclicker, online tutorials, ted talks

4.3. Practice, Practive, Practice

4.4. EXAMPLE: Worksheets

4.5. CRITICISM: Over simplifies learning

4.6. Learning is the acquisition of a new behavior through conditioning


5.1. Media Ecology

5.2. Social Construction of Technology


6.1. Interplay between how to teach, subject area and incorporating technology.

6.2. We need three kinds of knowledge as teachers: Technological, pedagogical, and content.

6.3. TPACK is describe using a Venn Diagram to illustrate the logical relations between technology, pedagogy and content

6.4. As educators TPACK will constantly evolve through our careers. New technology, content and ways of teaching will challenge our ability to teach.


7.1. Personal philosophy of teaching with technology

7.2. Will explain how technology can be used in the classroom as a teaching tool to accommodate student learning

7.3. We need to share our philosophy's on teachnology with other teachers. By sharing new ways of incorporating content, pedagogy and technology we will grow as educators.