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Elements of Art by Mind Map: Elements of Art
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Elements of Art

http://arthistory.about.com/cs/reference/f/elements.htm http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/artsed/visart102030/vaelar.html http://www.buzzle.com/articles/elements-of-art.html http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/Files/elements.htm

Line

Mark made by a pointed tool

Movement of a tool and pigment

Brush

Pencil

stick

Pen

Ink

charcoal

Moving dot

Suggest movement in painting and drawing

Variety

Thickness, thiness, Brush pressure

Angular

Curved

Broken

Calligraphy

Quality of line that is thick and thin

Value constrast

Layering of lines, Creating shallow depth

Mark Tobey's 'Calligraphy in white'

Contour lines

Edges of forms or shapes

Create values and textures

Hatching, placing of lines next to each other

Cross hatching, Crossing of parallel lines

Gestural lines

Indicate action and physical movement

Implied lines

Dot and short lines moving across the page

Edge of shadow

Value

Dark and light

Example

School work sheet: Black ink on white paper

Closely related to colours

Yellow, orange, Light value

Purple, blue, Dark value

Grey scale

Ten values of grey from light to dark

The farther apart the values are on the scale, the more value contrast

Contrast

Difference between light and dark vales

Helps us see and understand a 2D work of art

Photographers make black and white prints dramatic

Changes

Help us 'feel' the roundness of the ball by showing us how light hits the ball and reate shadows on it

Focal area

Emphasize dark and light value contrasts or intense colour

Artist

Jean Metzinger, 'Tea Time (Woman with a Teaspoon)', Strong value contrast, Cubist in style, Can be seen as a black and white reproduction

High key paintings, Light values, Minimum of value contrast, Happiness, Light, Joy, Airiness

Low key paintings, Dark valued hues, Little value contrast, Sadness, Depression, Loneliness, Misery

Atmospheric perspective

Distant features lighter in value than closer features

Shape

An area that contained within an implied line

Geometrical

Square

Triangle

Circle

Rectangle

Oval

Polygon

Hexagon

Octagon

Pentagon

Parallelogram

Rhombus

Trapezium

also known as rectilinear shapes

Organic

Freeform

Natural

Also known as curvilinear shapes

2 dimension

3 dimension

Pablo Picasso

Uses abstract shapes of things to crete artwork

'Three Musicians'

Positive/negative

outlined/unoutlined

dark/light valued

Large/medium/small

Flat/patterened

Texture

Surface quality

Simulated, Dry brush technique, Visual texture, Smooth painting surfaces appear to be textured

Actual, Heavy application of pigment, Tactile texture, Surface quality we can feel, Examples, Gravel path, Tree bark, cat's fure

Artist

Georges Rouault, 'The Old King', Painting technique: Impasto, Uses stiff brush or palette knife, Heavy texture, Focal area has strongest value contrast, Contrast of smooth and textured areas emphasizes heavy textures, Broken lines and edges emphasize actual textures, Colour and value contrast

Variety

Important to interior designers, architects, Fabrics, Wood, Plaster, Metal, Glass, Paper, Plastic, Paint

Collage

Colour

Colour wheel

Primary colours, Red, Yellow, Blue

Secondary colours, Orange, Green, Violet

Tertiary colours, Red orange, Orange yellow, Chartreuse, Aquamarine, Indigo

Analogous colours

Complementary colour

Achromatic colour

Colour model

Subtractive, CMYK, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black

Additive, RGB, Red, Green, Blue

Intensity

Chroma, Purity of a hue

Value

Lightness or darkness of a hue

Contrast

Colour temperature

Warm colour, Seem to come forward

Cool colour, Recede

Hue

Add black, Shade

Add white, Tint

Neutralized, Tones

Satuation

Symbolism and psychology

Depends on light/Product of light

Shadows, Sense of form

Colour theorist

Charles Albert Keeley, Invented 'The Colour Conundrum', a game which showcased his research.

Artist

Auguste Renoir, Impressionist painter who used colour to show depth and volumn in his paintings

Create illusion of depth by using colour relationship

Form

Volumn

Mass

3 dimensional

Can be viewed from many angles

Curves

Angles

indentations

extensions

edges

space

strong element in establishing sense of form

clustering, overlapping of forms

space between and around objects helps us regconize and identify 3 dimensional forms

Value contrast

Barbara Hepworth's 'Assembly of Sea Forms

Architectural form

contains enclosed space for various activities

Natural form

Abstract forms

Realistic forms

depict things as they actually appear

geometric forms

organic forms

Space

Actual

Empty

Filled

Has width, height, depth

Real space

Illusion

Appears 3D in painting

Creates feeling of actual depth

Technique to show space, Perspective, Values, Atmospheric, aerial perspective, Overlapping, Size of shapes, Object seem close when large, Object seem far when small, When any 2 techniques are combined, sense of space is greatly increased

Linear perspective

One-point perspective

Two-point perspective

Artist

Robert Henri, 'Snow in New York', Feeling of space, One-point perspective line lead to focal area, Light values and soft edges in the distance; dark values in the foreground