Chapters 1-3 Big ideas

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Chapters 1-3 Big ideas by Mind Map: Chapters 1-3 Big ideas

1. Reproduction

1.1. Bokanovsky Process

1.1.1. Human cloning

1.1.1.1. Creates 80-96 copies of the same embryo

1.1.1.1.1. Grows up into a full-grown adult

1.1.1.2. 11,000 similar children within 2 years of each other

1.1.2. Ability to control the number of humans

2. Gender Roles in Society

2.1. Promiscuity is the norm (it's expected)

2.1.1. "And after all," Fanny's tone was coaxing, "it's not as though there were anything painful or disagreeable about having one or two men besides Henry. And seeing that you ought to be a little more promiscuous..." (43)

2.1.2. Many can't reproduce

2.1.2.1. Freemartins

2.1.3. Connections

2.1.3.1. Modern promiscuous women are labelled as "sluts"

2.2. Females treated like objects

2.2.1. "Yes, I really do advise you to try her," Henry Foster was saying. (46)

2.3. Childhood Identity Roles

2.3.1. Children begin exploring sexuality at a young age

2.3.1.1. "For a very long period before thet ime of Our Ford, and even for some generations afterwards, erotic play between children had been regarded as abnomral (there was a roar of laughter); and not only abnormal, actually immoral (no!): and had therefore been rigorously suppressed." (32)

2.3.1.2. Connection

2.3.1.2.1. Freud's Phallic Stage of Psychosexual Development

2.3.1.2.2. Heavily suppressed today

2.4. Individuality is very limited

2.4.1. "Every one belongs to everyone else," he concluded, citing the hypnopaedic proverb. (40)

2.4.1.1. Connection: Communism

2.4.1.1.1. In an ideal Communist society, everything is shared between the proletariat population (which is basically everyone due to the classlessness trait of Communism)

3. History

3.1. Ford is idealized

3.1.1. AF (After Ford)

3.2. History is frowned upon

3.2.1. "Our ancestors were so stupid and short-sighted that when the first reformers came along and offered to deliver them from those horrible emotions, they wouldn't have anything to do with them" (45)

3.2.1.1. Connection: People have always resisted change. Ex: Copernicus and the Church

3.3. "History is bunk" - Henry Ford (34)

3.4. History is thought to corrupt - page 35: Controller explains why people are taught no history, and when Mustapha Mond begins to explain a little bit, he convinces the Director that "he won't corrupt them".

3.5. The past is painted in a very negative light

3.5.1. "Home, home - a few small rooms, stifling over-inhabited by a man, by a periodically teeming woman by a rabble of boys and girls of all ages. No air, no space; an under sterilized prison; darkness, disease, and smells." (37)

3.5.2. "Old men in the bad old days used to renonce, retire, take to religion, spend their time reading, thinking-- thinking!"

4. Totalitarianism

4.1. Ford is the holy figure

4.1.1. "Our Ford"

4.1.2. AF instead of AD (they judge the passage of time according the year of his death)

4.2. Mustrapha Mond is Controller of World State

4.2.1. "No civilization without stability" said the Controller (42)

4.2.2. "His fordship Mustapha Mond! The eyes of the saluting students almost popped out of their heads. Mustapha Mond! The Resident Controller for Western Europe! One of the Ten World Controllers."

5. Caste System

5.1. Defined social classes based on biology

5.1.1. Ex: Epsilons are mentally retarded

5.1.1.1. "The lower the caste... the shorter the oxygen" (14)

5.1.1.2. "Epsilon embryo must have an Epsilon environment as well as Epsilon heredity" (14)

5.2. Use of mind control to prevent any free thought

5.2.1. Ex: Beta children: "I don't want to play with Delta children. And Epsilons are even worse. They're too stupid to be able to read or write. Besides they wear black, which is such a beastly color. I'm so glad I'm a Beta." (27)

5.2.2. "The students nodded, emphatically agreeing with a statement which upwards of sixty-two thousand repetitions in the dark had made them accept, not merely as true, but as axiomatic, self-evident, utterly indisputable." (40)

5.3. History of government and society

5.3.1. "Or the Caste System. Constantly proposed, constantly rejected. There was something called democracy. As though men were more than physico-chemically equal." (47)

5.4. "Perfect" Society

5.4.1. Everyone is happy

5.4.2. "Has any of you ever encountered an insurmountable obstacle?" The question was answered by a negative silence (45)

5.4.3. "Has any of you been compelled to live through a long time-interval between the consciousness of a desire and its fulfillment?" (45)

5.4.3.1. Connection: American Dream = work hard enough and you'll climb the social ladder

5.4.3.1.1. Impossible in Brave New World because 1) Social Castes are biologically determined (social mobility impossible) 2) Everything is done for you (no need to work hard)

5.5. different classes with different clothing

5.5.1. "Alpha children wear grey." (27)

6. Technology

6.1. Makes life extremely easy

6.1.1. Connection: Contrasts with the technology in Brazil, which was inefficient and error-prone

6.1.1.1. The perfect technology of Brave New World makes it seem like a true utopia

6.2. Bokanovsky Process

6.2.1. Spawning of citizens is efficient and advanced