good solvents, Polar
Classing, Primary, Oxidised by Potassium Dichromate to form aldehydes, then again to form carboxylic acids, 0/1 other carbon attached to carbon that is attached to functional group, Secondary, 2 carbons attached carbon that is attached to functional group, Oxidised to keytones which cannot undergo further oxidation, Tertiary, cannot be oxidised, 3 carbons attached...
formed by oxidation of secondary alcohols
reactive, C=C has lower bond enthalpy than C-C, Addition reactions, Because Alkenes are unsaturated, Bromination, Hydration, Hydrogenation, Addition polymerisation
Unreactive, Strong C-C and C-H bonds, low polarity, Only readily undergo combustion reactions with oxygen., Substitution reactions with halogens under U.V. light
Formed by oxidation of primary alcohols
can be formed by oxidation of aldehydes
Alkene + Halogen
Alkene + Hydrogen Halide
Alkane + Halogen (U.V. Light)
Can be categorised
Very useful intermediates in organic chemistry
1 carbon = meth-
2 carbons = eth-
3 carbons = prop- ect.
full, showing all bonds and structure
Skeletal formula showing grouped sets e.g. CH3CH2CH3
Just showing ratio of elements in organic molecule
Delocalised electrons above and below the ring
Carbon to carbon bonds are all the same length
Molecule is planar (flat)
Products that contain benzene are called aromatic compounds
One of the main uses of aromatic compounds is in petrol.