CELLS

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CELLS by Mind Map: CELLS

1. SMALLEST UNIT OF LIFE

1.1. Cells

1.2. Tissues

1.2.1. BLOOD

1.2.2. MUSCLE

1.3. Organs

1.3.1. STOMACH

1.4. Systems

1.4.1. DIGESTIVE

1.4.2. MUSCULAR

1.4.3. SKELETAL

1.4.4. RESPIRATORY

1.4.5. CIRCULATORY

1.4.6. REPRODUCTIVE

2. CELL DIVISION

2.1. Binary fission

2.2. Budding

2.2.1. Does not go through fertilisation

2.2.2. Eg. Yeast, Hydra

3. SIMILAR PARTS BETWEEN ANIMAL AND PLANT CELL

3.1. Cytoplasm

3.1.1. is a jelly-like substance

3.1.2. allows water, nutrients, wastes and oxygen to move within cell

3.1.3. is where many activities take place

3.2. Nucleus

3.2.1. found in cytoplasm

3.2.2. very important part of a cell

3.2.3. controls everything that happens in the cell

3.2.4. contains hereditary information such as chromosomes

3.2.4.1. chromosomes are made up of DNA which contains genes

3.3. Mitchondria

3.3.1. tiny rod-like or spherical structures

3.4. Vacuoles

3.4.1. filled with fluids and food particals

3.4.2. tiny and numerous in animal cells

3.4.3. large in plant cells and are filled with cell sap in them to keep plant upright

3.5. Cell membrane

3.5.1. also called plasma membrane

3.5.2. soft and thin layer that surrounds cytoplasm

3.5.3. controls movement of substances entering and leaving the cell

4. PARTS OF A CELL

4.1. SIMILARITIES

4.1.1. Both have a cell membrane

4.1.2. Both have nucleus

4.1.3. Both have cytoplasm

4.1.4. Both have vacuole

4.2. DIFFERENCES

4.2.1. Plant cells have a cell wall but animal cells do not have a cell wall

4.2.2. Plant cells have chloroplasts but animal cells do not have chloroplasts

5. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ANIMAL AND PLANT CELL

5.1. Cell Wall

5.1.1. outside cell membrane

5.1.2. made up of stiff material

5.1.3. gives cell its shape

5.1.4. protects cell from injury

5.2. Chloroplasts

5.2.1. tiny green structures found in cytoplasm

5.2.2. contains chlorophyll for photosynthesis

6. ORGANISMS

6.1. Uni-cellular

6.1.1. PARAMECIUM

6.1.2. AMOEBA

6.1.3. YEAST

6.1.4. BACTERIA

6.1.5. EUGLENA

6.2. Multi-cellular

6.2.1. PLANTS

6.2.2. ANIMALS

6.2.3. FUNGI

6.2.3.1. Eg. Mushrooms

7. Can be seen under a microscope