Causes of the civil war walter Saenz

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Causes of the civil war walter Saenz by Mind Map: Causes of the civil war walter Saenz

1. Election of 1856

1.1. 1856

1.2. Election of 1856

1.2.1. Summery of election of 1856: first republican candidate John c. Fremont (army officer who help win California independence in the Mexican-American war) waged a strong anti slaved campaign and won11 of the 16 free states democrats James Buchanan won the election.

2. Dred Scott vs Sanford case

2.1. 1860

2.1.1. Dred Scott vs. Sanford case

2.1.1.1. dred scott was an enslaved person who had once been owned by a u.s. army doctor. they lived in illonis and Wisconsin territory for a short timed where slavery was illegal. they settled in Missouri. with the help of an antislavery lawyer , scott sued for his freedome because he argued that he was free because he had lived where slavery was illegal. the case reached the supreme court. the supreme court deliverd its verdict in the case on march of 1857 three days after president bchannan took office . chief Justice roger b. tonely wrote the decision for the court . scott was not a free man for two reasons. 1. scott had no right to sue in federal court because African americans were not citizens . 2. merely living in

3. The Lincoln and douglas debates

3.1. 1858

3.1.1. the Lincoln and Douglas debates

3.1.1.1. Lincoln was chosen as the politics candidate for senate against senator douglas in 1858. Lincoln and douglas were political and personal rivals (both had dated mary and she married Lincoln). Lincoln challenged douglas to a series of public debate. thousands gathered to hear them spesak. newspaper reported what each man said throughout the nation douglas defended popular souereighty and said eachstate had the right to decide for or against slavery. he painted Lincoln as a danferoius abolitiost who wanted equality for African American. licoln took a stand against the spred of slavery. he predicted that slavty woukd die out on its own but in the meantime ameriocans had an abigatel to keep it out of the western territories. Douglas won the election but Lincoln was known throughout the nation .

4. Bleeding Kansas

5. Bloodshed in the senate

6. The Republican Party

7. The Kansas Nebraska act

7.1. 1854

7.1.1. the Kansas Nebraska act

7.1.1.1. senator douglas pushed through the act in 1854which led the nation closer to illonios he wanted to see a train road built from illlionois through the Nebraska territory to the pacific coast. he suggested creating two new territories the Kansas territory and the Nebraska territory. both were the Missouri compromise line and would become free states which upset the territory. southerners. to win southerners support he suggested that the issue of slavery be resolved by solver duty. this would undo the Missouri compromise.

8. Uncle Tom cabin

8.1. 1852

8.1.1. uncle toms cabin

8.1.1.1. written by Harriet bearer sowed in 1852 it was a novel about kindly uncle tom an enslave man who is abused by the cruel Simon legree. the book became a best seller in the north. it shocked thousands of peple who had been unconcerned with slavery before reading the book. the book caused people to view slavery as human moral problems and just a political issue. white southerners were outraged.

9. The fugitive slave act

9.1. 1863

9.1.1. the fugitive slave act

9.1.1.1. allowed special government officials to arrest any person accused of being a runaway salve. suspects had no right to travel to prove that had been falsely accused. all it took was a slaveholder or any white witness to swear that the suspect was a slave holders property.. the law also required northern citizens to help capture accused runaway if authorities requested assistance .

10. The compromise of 1850

10.1. 1850

10.1.1. The compromise of 1850

10.1.1.1. Summery of the compromise of 1850: gold was found in California and thousands moved to the area soon the territory had enough people to be admitted as a state since it was above the Missouri's compromise line people felt it would ba a free state this angered the south and they treatened to secede leave the union the compromise was proposed by senators Henry clay of Kentucky in January 1850 he hoped this compromise would end the debate over fugitives forever. this proposal produced one of the greatest debate in America history. president taylor opposed the compromise but died an the new president Millard Fillmore supported it. congress passes five series of bills in September 1850 that become known at the compromise of 1850. 1.callifornia was admitted to the union as a free state. 2. slave trade was banned in the nations capital. 3. congress declared that it could not regulate the slave trade between slave slaves states. 4. popular sovereignty the people would vote would vote be used to determined the issues of slavery. in the rest of the Mexican cession. 5. the south received a new free salve law.

11. Election of Zachary taylor

11.1. 1848

11.1.1. the election of zachary taylor

11.1.1.1. in the election if 1848 the controversy over the wilmont led to the development of the free soil party. democrats nominated senator lews of michigan the wings nominated lyan, and the free oil party nominated former president martin senator cass suggested that the people each new territory should dedd for themselves whether or not to allow slaves. zachary taylor a hero of the mexican american zachary won the election.

12. Free soil party

12.1. 1845

12.1.1. free soil party

12.1.1.1. in the election of 1845 both the free soil party and the democrats party hoped to win by not taking a stand of the issue of slave. anislavery whigs and democrats joined forces to creat a new political free soil it called for the territoy gained in the mexican american war to be free soila place where slavery was banne.

13. The wilmot proviso

13.1. 1848

13.1.1. The wilmot proviso

13.1.1.1. Since the Missouri compromise did not apply to the large territory gain from Mexican in 1848 representive David wilmot of Pennsylvania propose that congress ban slavery in all territory that congressl

14. The Missouri compromise

14.1. 2928

14.1.1. pic

15. Economy of the north and south

15.1. 1860

15.1.1. the economy of the north and south

15.1.1.1. New Idea

16. John brown attacks Harper ferry

17. Election of 1869

18. Southern states secede

18.1. 1860

18.1.1. southern states secede

18.1.1.1. Lincoln election made the south feel that they no longer had a voice in the national government. they belieed that the president aaand congress were agaist their interst especially slavery. south Carolina seceded (left the united states) first when news Lincoln election reached the state. they called for a special convention. on December 20 1860 the convention passed a decleration that the union now subsisting between wouth Carolina and the other sytaets under the name of the united states of America is hereby 6 more states followed south Carolina out of the union

19. The confederal states of America

19.1. 1861

19.1.1. the confederal states of America

19.1.1.1. in February of 1861 the leader of the seven states that left the union met in Montgomery Alabama to form a new nation that they called the confederal states of ameerica be the time Lincoln took office in march they had written a constitution an named former senator Jefferson bavis as president

20. The Crittenden plan

20.1. 1861

20.1.1. the Crittenden plan

20.1.1.1. a plan developed by senator john j. Crittenden of Kentucky to compromise with the south one last time. it was presented to congress in late February 1861 while the south was forming its new government but it did not pass.

21. as America began moving west the issue of whether or not slavery should be allowed in the new states forming out west become an issue the first state in which this became an issue was Missouri its addition to the united state threaten to upset the balance between free states and slave states in 1820 senator Henry clay persuaded congress to approve the Missouri compromise stated 1 main was admitted as a free state 2 Missouri was admitted as a slave state 3 owners gained the right to pursue escape fugitive into free region.

22. New Idea