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Foreign Policy: Topic Here by Mind Map: Foreign Policy: Topic Here
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Foreign Policy: Topic Here

This is involved on the economic level that the U.S. is funding other states like Mexico to reduce illicit drug trade.

What has the U.S. done about international drug trade?

Provided Mexico with $450 million in aid, trying to stop drug cartels.

Strengthened border patrol between Mexico and the U.S=> Still ineffective as drug cartels rapidly find new routes.

The next osama is much more violent (Sheikh) and the motives behind terrorism are global: "transformed from a global terrorist group into a global terrorist movement" with a "corpus of literature" developing the terrorist attacks.

How will other nations treat the Middle East now? Afghanistan and Pakistan seem to value terrorism over peace with other nations.  

Even after the argument over the naming of the sea that is between Japan and Korea as "East Japan Sea," the new dispute has arisen between the two nations. How would this affect the political and social relationship between the two nations?

As of now, this problem is not as serious as it was 2 years ago. Due to the aggressive behavior in North Korea as well as the recent economic recession, many nations, including US, South Korea, and Japan, have put down this debate for later times.

The US does lean towards Japan in the fact that Dokdo is Japanese territory, but tends to stay neutral because both nations, Korea and Japan, are significantly important trading partners.

Bio fuel Policies

http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/5635 The US supported ethanol development and production for energy independence and the potential of it being renewable fuel source. "Though skeptics raised serious questions about the cost-effectiveness of ethanol subsidies, biofuel supporters have recently sought to bolster their argument by suggesting that ethanol will rebuild rural livelihoods." The global food crisis now is providing flaws on the case for ethanol.

Military encroachment

Murtha, Pennsylvanian senator encourages Obama to get troops out of Iraq and find a different way: Democrats and Republicans

South Korea and the US military within refusing to leave, support/against

How America uses the food crisis for the security of America and their economy

How America gains power through the food crisis

Falling Prices and a possible solution

Current problems for the US: China and the US (The Obama Administration) China imposed tariffs on American exports

food crisis in Africa http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/5589

Also applies to North Korea, as they continuously ask for food supply from the US and Korea. The foreign goals for the North is to gain food and benefit from the transactions.

Secular governments vs. Theocratic

Iran is now technically secular with the new election, and Ahmadinejad is trying to get power over the Ayatollahs. How will this affect how other nations treat Iran?

Israel and Palestine

Concerning the disputes over West Bank and Gaza Strip, Obama said "Jerusalem will remain the capital of Israel, and it must remain undivided" during election campaigns. Although he backtracked his comment, his statement brought international criticisms.

Quartet--US, Russia, EU, and UN--recently pulled its humanitarian aid out of Palestine because Hamas rejected to follow three conditions that Quartet suggested. The three conditions were 1) following all previous resolutions 2) recognizing Israel as a state 3) stopping terrorism

The U.S. urges Israel to halt evictions of Palestinians. By getting involved in the Middle East, the US is trying to portray an image of being more humane. (http://thecable.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2009/08/02/us_urges_israel_to_halt_evictions_of_palestinians)

Hamas has gained Palestinians' support in the recent election. Its political pledge was to use terrorism to solve the issue of the whole Israel and Palestine disputes

Israel is continuously destroying the water-pipes because it does not want water supplies to flow into Palestine

One of the key factors that influence the flow of this dispute is the popularity of the two parties in Palestine. For a peaceful negotiation to take place at all, it is necessary that the Fatah party wins the election as well as the general popularity from its people. This is quite hard because the Palestinians look at each parties' results to choose their election candidates and considering that the Fatah has made nearly no progress makes winning the next election very unlikely.

Israel is looked at as a very arrogant, selfish nation because of its actions towards Palestine and other Arabic nations. No one takes any action or stance against Israel publicly however because of the strong supporter that has been watching Israel's back: the US.

Religion is also another important aspect in Israel and Palestine issue. Zionism rose in US and gained lots of support from Christians. Even today, some people support Israel just because of its religion.

America's reputation through foreign assistance.

American (domestic) view.

American foreign assistance activities.

Foreign View

International View towards the Middle East and Terrorism

Although many Iraqis were treated harshly by the government due to religious or ethic background, many nations and scholars find that a dictatorship-style government is the most effective in Iraq due to the fact that there are so many people with different ideals, cultures, and background. This explains as to why many nations, including South Korea, went against the US encouraging a democratic government in Iraq. When the Bush administration went for the "liberating Iraq" project, many nations found this as a poor excuse/justification for the US to meddle into Iraq's internal problems.

Oil: The Long Goodbye

Is Obama's talk of energy independence just demagoguery?

Many nations are going for new ways of energy. When an efficient source of energy is found, the nation that first found it will be able to have much more economic advantages: can sell the technology as well as being independent of oil prices

Dispute between Korea and Japan over the issue of an island

Japan wants to bring Dokdo issue to ICJ because Japan relatively has more advantage than Korea. There's one Japanese judge in ICJ and Japan is VERY good at lobbying so Korea has continuously refused to bring the case to the court. (In order to bring a case to ICJ, two countries must agree but since Korea disagrees Dokdo case has never been brought up.)

Some people claim that Korea has less than few years of sovereignty over Dokdo because Japan has continuously asked Korea to give the island back to Japan by sending official letters to Korea foreign policy ministry. By the international law, a country's sovereignty over a particular land can only be acknowledged when it's not disputed such as sending letters and etc. However, since Japan did so ever since Korea got its island back, some claim that Korea has no national sovereignty what so ever over Dokdo.

Immigration/What is America?

foreign exchange for poor countries

http://www.foreignpolicy.com/users/login.php?story_id=191&URL=http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/cms.php?story_id=191

The definition of America: America ideologically to justify independence from their home country, not only the British and people from Europe.

Hispanic immigrants threatens to divide the United States into two peoples, two cultures, and two languages

North Korea and the Six Party Talks

North Korea is currently trying to hold a bilateral meeting with the U.S. after firing missiles off the coast of North Korea. However, U.S. is currently reluctant to accept the meeting, and instead wishes to start up the six party talks again. Is U.S. acting smart by pursuing Six-Party talk and refusing a bilateral meeting?

North Korea has already claimed in April 14th, 2009 that they don't want to be part of the Six-Party talk anymore and that they will resume their nuclear enrichment program. Nuclear inspectors in their country have all been kicked out. Thus, forcing North Korea to be engaged in something they don't want doesn't seem to be a good idea. It's too risky.

International Drug Trade

Main Idea: The U.S. is involved in a complex, illegal international trade network of narcotics, with Colombia, Mexico, Afghanistan and many other Middle Eastern countries. This is truly an international issue that has provoked not just the possession of drugs, but the violence, corruption in order to make profit or obtain them.

How the U.S. is trying to approach the issue: 1) reduce demand 2) Reduce supply

There were more than 5,000 drug-related killings in Mexico in 2008. It shows the international repercussions of an insatiable drug demand in the United States. Here's a Brookings article (Brookings is awesome, by the way!): http://www.brookings.edu/opinions/2009/0225_war_on_drugs_rozental.aspx

What must the U.S. do in the future to curb its involvement in the international drug trade??

How is this related to foreign policy?

AIDS Crisis

One of the worst conspiracies today is that the United States manufactured AIDS and spread it through the black community as a way to kill blacks.

AIDS aid to nations that cannot afford the steps that need to be taken need to be helped by other nations, and those with extremely high rates of those affected with AIDS will have deteriorating societies.

Caribbean nations

The Caribbean nations are divided due to different life styles and policies. Its unique location makes it more interesting as they are welcoming more foreigners into their country. They also are opened up to more businesses. It would be better to unite and make an united policy towards a smooth resolution.

Culture and Foreign Policy

http://www.questiaschool.com/read/102565395?title=Culture%20%26%20Foreign%20Policy

My topic is about how culture has a great influence on the kinds of foreign policies countries have. Cultural differences of values and goals are what causes countries to have different foreign policies; some countries might be centered in a certain religion, a certain ideology. They have different priorities and things their country needs.

Pages 2-4: it is interesting to read the part about 'conceptualizing culture, conceptualizing foreign policy'. Both words: 'culture' and 'foreign policy' are somewhat hard to define. As you will see, there are many possible definitions for these two concepts, but I think our definition of 'foreign policy' (that we made in class) best defines 'foreign policy' because it includes what this concept' means to all countries, not just the U.S. The concept of culture can help us better understand the definition of foreign policy and why we defined it the way we did in the first place.

Page 27: I especially liked the quotation by Mohammad Ali Jinnah because he goes in depth with the ideas of why two religions, Hinduism and Islam, cannot come together or agree on the same foreign policy.

Health Care System

At the same time, the need for foreign policy that addresses health seriously has forced policy-makers to confront the realities of an epidemiologically interdependent world and the complexities of the global cooperation needed to protect and promote public health. Health concerns seriously affect and inform how countries perceive and formulate their national interests for foreign policy purposes.

what evidence and information can the ministry of health provide to diplomats, defence attachés, trade negotiators, and development specialists to ensure that health concerns and interests are better reflected in foreign policy initiatives?

New epidemics are international: avian flu, HIV/AIDS, require international cooperation for cures and vaccinations. Perhaps international unity is needed to find these.

The terrible financial costs to farmers in places like Vietnam or Mexico of losing flocks or stocks are the avoidable result of incomplete public health planning -- a byproduct of worrying only about simple preventives against human flu.