China

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China by Mind Map: China

1. 1.) Past UN vetoes: As of June 2012 the PRC had used its Security Council veto eight times, fewer than other countries with the veto: in 1972 to veto the admission of Bangladesh (which it considered a rebellious province of its ally Pakistan), in 1973 (in conjunction with the Soviet Union) to veto a resolution on the ceasefire in the Yom Kippur War, in 1997 to veto ceasefire observers to Guatemala (which accepted the ROC as legitimate), in 1999 to veto an extension of observers to the Republic of Macedonia (same), in 2007 (in conjunction with Russia) to veto criticizing Myanmar (Burma) on its human rights record, in 2008 (with Russia) to veto sanctions against Zimbabwe, in 2011 (with Russia) to veto sanctions against Syria, and in February 2012 (with Russia) to veto for the second time a draft resolution calling for foreign military intervention in Syria.

2. 3.)Similar countries to China: Russia is similar to China, as they also have been giving weapons to Sudan. Russia is giving weapons that were left over from the Cold War to Sudan for a profit to help their economy. China is in it for the money for economic boost as well as the oil that is in South Darfur.

3. 4.) What would China like to see put in place: China would like a way to keep the money they are getting for Sudan from the Oil rigs. If they are going to be able to stop war they must stop China and Russia from selling weapons, but for that to happen there must be something that will allow China in particular to keep the money they are getting from Sudan. Sudan is China's 5th country for economic support and China is Sudan's #1 economic support. they would also like to bring in a peace agreement but will only allow peacekeepers to enter Sudan that they agree to let in.

4. 5.) Actions that are out of the Question: #1 for China is that they will not want to pull out of Sudan & allowing in Western Peacekeepers. May 30th, 2007 china blocks attempt of putting sanction over Sudan because of Darfur situation.

5. • As of June 2012 the PRC had sent 3,362 military personnel to 13 UN peacekeeping operations since its first dispatch of military observers to the United Nations peacekeeping operations in 1990. In 1999 it sent a team of civilian police to East Timor as part of the UN force there. The PRC sent a non-combatant military team to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

6. • Since the end of the Cold War, the PRC has notably not attempted to use the UN as a counterbalance against the United States as Russia and France have done [citation needed]. In the 1991 Gulf War resolution, the PRC abstained, and it voted for the ultimatum to Iraq in the period leading up to the 2003 War in Iraq. Most observers believe that the PRC would have abstained had a resolution authorising force against Iraq in 2003 reached the Security Council.

7. 2.) UN Past Successes and Failures: Rwanda and Cambodia Genocides where failures. The Korean War was a UN success & the Persian Gulf War.

8. • November 19th, 2004 Want political will and strength in signing of peace agreement signing of agreement will help bring peace to north/south Sudan • Rehabilitation & development into Sudan

9. • In 2004, U.N. Security Council resolution 1556 imposed a mandatory embargo on weapons transfers to Darfur, which is binding upon all member states including China and Sudan

10. • May 30th, 2007 china blocks attempt of putting sanction over Sudan because of Darfur situation.

11. 6.) Economic Relationship with Sudan:(8%) • By 2005, Sudan’s small arms imports had risen to more than 680 times their 1999 levels • In 2003, China sold up to 20 A-5C Fantan fighter-bombers, capable of delivering 4,000 pounds of bombs in a single strike, to Sudan • In 2005, the Chinese company Dongfeng exported more than two hundred military trucks to Sudan. New trucks of a similar type were seen later that year on a Sudanese air force base in Darfur, and military trucks have been used to transport Sudanese soldiers to sites where civilians have been attacked. • In 2006, Sudan received six K-8 advanced trainer aircraft, which can be fitted for ground attack combat, from China • Sudan is said to be currently in negotiations with China for the purchase of 12 Chinese FC1 Fighter aircraft • From 2002 to 2007, top-ranking officials of the Sudanese and Chinese armed forces exchanged visits and held meetings on at least six occasions. Several of these visits occurred during the period of heaviest violence in Darfur. • An October 2005 meeting between Chinese military commanders and the Sudanese minister of national defense resulted in a plan for China to improve Sudan’s armed forces • An April 2007 meeting between the chief of staff of the Sudanese armed forces and the chief of general staff of China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) led to additional promises to increase cooperation between the two countries’ militaries • Chinese companies reportedly assisted the Sudanese government in establishing three assembly plants for small arms and ammunition outside Khartoum, which are said to produce heavy and light machine guns, rocket launchers, mortars, antitank weapons, and ammunition. • But the Chinese laborers are protected: They work under the vigilant gaze of Sudanese government troops armed largely with Chinese-made weapons -- a partnership of the world's fastest-growing oil consumer with a pariah state accused of fostering genocide in its western Darfur region. (Weapons)

12. Oil: First is the PRC’s reliance on Sudan as a source of oil. Oil exports to China rose from $1.8 Billion in 2006 to $4.1 Billion in 2007, with Sudan ranking as China’s fifth-largest supplier, and second-largest in Africa, after Angola. Second, China is a majority shareholder in two of Sudan’s largest oil consortium, with stakes in fields in Darfur among other investments. ~ Finally, the conflict in Darfur threatens not only economic interests, but also the safety of Chinese workers in the area.773 As one Chinese diplomat has said, Beijing does not “want Sudan to turn into Somalia.” • China has in the past "sold" its UN veto power to protect Sudan from sanctions over the killing of people in Darfur in exchange for access to Sudanese oil. China is now Sudan's biggest customer. (2008)

13. 7.) Opposing Countries in UN Security Council: UK, France, USA are China's opposition in the security Council. China opposes these countries because they want to keep their ties to Sudan and Darfur because the Genocide is supporting their economy, whereas the Western Countries have not economic ties to Sudan and would like to try and stop the Genocide because of Political pressure. They want to stop Sudan by putting in a peace treaty and putting sanctions over Sudan to try and ease tensions between the North and South.

14. • May 30th, 2007 china blocks attempt of putting sanction over Sudan because of Darfur situation.