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Lubrication by Mind Map: Lubrication
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A true grease consists of an oil and/or other fluid lubricant that is mixed with a thickener substance to form a solid

has over 1000 patented industrial applications

Cutting fluids are used for certain reasons: keep the workpiece at a stable temperature;maximize the life of the cutting tip by lubricating the working edge; prevent rust on machine parts and cutters

A gas bearing is virtually frictionless, silent, and vibration free

Gas lubrication is applied by a compressed gas being pushed against the surface you wish to be lubricated, this means the surface is "floating" upon a cushion of air which allows it move freely.

Mineral oil is a liquid with a generally high viscosity and can withstand high temperatures

combination of synthetic base oil, thickeners and additives

Graphite forms a lubrication film which provides good wear resistance and good seizure resistance

Graphite is used on systems that use ball bearings, such as skateboards, this is because of its wear resistance

A gas bearing can eliminate the risk of contaminating a process with lubricant

Compressed gases are used in aircraft in some places where hydraulic fluid might contaminate an area. Also compressed gas in the form on pneumatics are used in some earlier planes as a substitute for hydraulics


Mineral oil is a lubricant which is derived from crude oil

Synthetic oils were produced to replace mineral oils because synthetic oils could withstand much higher temperatures within the combustion engines of aircarft

Cutting Fluids

Cutting fluids are various fluids that are used in machining to cool and lubricate the cutting tool

Cutting fluids can include oils, oil-water emulsions, pastes, gels, and mists

Cutting fluids are used on CAD (Computer Aided Design) machines. Lubricants are used to cool down and ease the cutting of a material being produced for an aircraft


a type of shear-thinning fluid

means viscosity is reduced under shear

often applied using a grease gun

Greases are used where a mechanism can't be lubricated frequently and where a lubricating oil would not stay in position, Grease and oil are used to lubricate the bearings within a jet and gas turbine engine.


Graphite is a solid lubricant and the layered structure of graphite allows sliding movement

Graphite is dependant on water vapour in the atmosphere, this is because the water is absorbed on to the graphite surface, which reduces the bonding of its structure


vegetable oils and fats

castor oil, used in hydraulic fluids, used in lubricating cars, trucks, boats, aircraft, trains and industrial equipment, February 25, 2008, Virgin Atlantic successfully flew an aeroplane with biodiesel, Castor oil was the preferred lubricant for the early aviation powerplant design known as the rotary engine

linseed oil

tung oil

increasingly used in electrical industy

vegetable oils are non toxic to the environment as the biodegrade

have issues with chemical stability

eventually chemically decompose

Compressed Gas


performance advantages over mineral based lubricants

Used mostly in cars, motorbikes and boats

work efficiently in extreme/difficult conditions whether it be because of good viscosity to temperature behaviour

good chemical resistance