Stage 1: Pre-reading, activating or building background knowledge.
Stage 2: Readng, applying reading strategies or skills
Stage 3: Responding, writing in reading logs, or participating in conversations or discussions.
Stage 4:Explorng, learning new vocab., participating in minilessons
Stage 5: Applying, construct projects
Stage 1 Prewritng, considering the purpose fro writing/what is the topic?
Stage 2:Drafting, writing a rough draft
Stage 3: Revising, rereading the rough draft, making substantive changes
Stage 4:Editing, proofreading the revised rough draft
Stage 5:Publishing, making a final copy
generating & organizing ideas
narrowing the topic and providing answers
rereading, detecting problems, elaborating ideas
designing the layout and reading expressively
applying skills to arrange information in paragraphs.
applying skills during drafting and revising to make their writing clearer.
applying skills to make their writing more interesting to read.
using skills to correct any nonstandard English errors during writing.
applying spelling, capitilization, and punctuation skills during the editing stage.
choosing an idea and then developing it using main ideas and details.
presenting their ideas logically and ending with a satisfying conclusion.
What a writer breathes into their piece of writing.
careful word choices make the meaning clear and the composition easier to read.
The rhythm and flow of language
spelling, capitalization, and grammar.
Involve students in daily reading and writing experiences
Introduce reading and writing processes in Kindergarten
Plan instruction that reflects the developmental nature of reading and writing.
Make a reading-writing connection explicit to students
emphasize both the processes and the products of reading and writing.
Set clear purposes for reading and writing
Teach reading and writing through authentic literary experiences.