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Teaching the Reading and Writing Processes by Mind Map: Teaching the Reading and Writing
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Teaching the Reading and Writing Processes

The Reading Process

PhonemicAwareness: Students use their knowledge about the honological system as they read.

Word Identification: recognition of high frequency words automatically. Students use their knowledge of phonics and word parts to decode unfamiliar words.

Fluency: When students recognize words automatically and read quickly with expression.

Vocabulary: Students think about the meaning of the words their reading and relate them to background knowledge.

Comprehension: Using a combo of reader and text factors to understand what they are reading.

Stages of the Reading Process

Stage 1: Pre-reading, activating or building background knowledge.

Stage 2: Readng, applying reading strategies or skills

Stage 3: Responding, writing in reading logs, or participating in conversations or discussions.

Stage 4:Explorng, learning new vocab., participating in minilessons

Stage 5: Applying, construct projects

The Writing Process

Stages of the writing process

Stage 1 Prewritng, considering the purpose fro writing/what is the topic?

Stage 2:Drafting, writing a rough draft

Stage 3: Revising, rereading the rough draft, making substantive changes

Stage 4:Editing, proofreading the revised rough draft

Stage 5:Publishing, making a final copy

Writing Strategies and Skills

Prewriting strategies

generating & organizing ideas

Drafting Strategies

narrowing the topic and providing answers

Revising Strategies

rereading, detecting problems, elaborating ideas

Publishing Strategies

designing the layout and reading expressively

Content Skills

applying skills to arrange information in paragraphs.

Word Skills

applying skills during drafting and revising to make their writing clearer.

Sentence Skills

applying skills to make their writing more interesting to read.

Grammar Skills

using skills to correct any nonstandard English errors during writing.

Mechanical Skills

applying spelling, capitilization, and punctuation skills during the editing stage.

Qualities of Good Writing


choosing an idea and then developing it using main ideas and details.


presenting their ideas logically and ending with a satisfying conclusion.


What a writer breathes into their piece of writing.

Word Choice

careful word choices make the meaning clear and the composition easier to read.

Sentence Fluency

The rhythm and flow of language


spelling, capitalization, and grammar.

Assessing Students' writing

Teachers use rubrics, or scoring guides, to assess the quality of a student's work.

Classroom Connections

Some guidelines for connecting reading and writing so that students have a clearer understanding are:

Involve students in daily reading and writing experiences

Introduce reading and writing processes in Kindergarten

Plan instruction that reflects the developmental nature of reading and writing.

Make a reading-writing connection explicit to students

emphasize both the processes and the products of reading and writing.

Set clear purposes for reading and writing

Teach reading and writing through authentic literary experiences.