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Media by Mind Map: Media

1. Mass Media

1.1. Mass Media means transmitting information through various channels of communication to a large number of people

1.2. Old Media: Television, books and magazines, one to many: Producers of programmes, magazines etc.

1.3. New Media: Peer to peer networks Two way communication With both producers and consumers of information Facebook, Linkd-in etc.

1.3.1. Uses: - Downloading listening to music/ TV - Reading or watching the news - Communication - Entertainment - Banking - Creating text and video content - Playing games - Blogging - Buying travel services - Government info etc.

1.4. Pros and Cons

1.4.1. Pros: - Widening consumer choice - More media user participation - Greater democracy - More access to all kinds of information and high culture - Social life and social interaction enhanced

1.4.2. Cons: - Media/Cultural imperialism - A threat to democracy - Lack of regulation - Consumer choice - Undermining of human relationships and communities - The digital divide

2. Gender Stereotyping

2.1. Negative Impacts: - The sexualisation of girls - Incitement of gender rivalry (extending in some cases to incitement to violence) - Practices of exclusion - Casting of judgements - Limiting possibilities

2.2. - Gender stereotyping has the capacity to limit the roles played by girls and boys and to shape (limiting) societal expectations of boys and girls - It also creates a cultural context that underpins the significant and persistent gender inequalities that continue to feature in Irish society - Predominant message repeated in advertising is that there were limited options available to individual children beyond what was deemed appropriate to their gender.

2.3. Irish Study: - Pervasive and thorough gender stereotyping in the marketing and design of goods for children in Ireland - Gender stereotyping is identified not only in overt messages conveyed in advertisements but also in the symbols and imagery used, in the production techniques for advertisements and in the portrayal and use of space in marketing and advertising - Gender consistent for marketing practices and design - Gender stereotyping permeated content, language, symbols and imagery and production techniques. In using gender in such a manner a whole system of inclusion and exclusion is evident and in the process gives a definition to children of what it means to be a boy or a girl were forcefully communicated.

3. Changes in Irish Media

3.1. Newspapers: Intertwined with social and political struggle. Therefore it promoted: - Nationalism - Catholicism - Rural life - Irish language - Private property - Demise in mid 1990s

3.2. Radio: Radio Eireann launched in 1926 Established to assist the process of nation building - To promote Irish culture, combat British Culture and attack partition - Has traditionally had a strong relationship with the GAA and the Catholic Church - Emphasis on Irish plays and Irish traditional music and the Irish language 1989 – independent radio was legitimised – RTE loses its monopoly 2007 – 26 independent local commercial radio station (Share et al, 2007

3.3. Television: RTE television arrived on new years eve 1961. It has been linked to a process of modernisation in Ireland. Early days of RTE programming was dominated by American programmes. Later developed Irish dramas which reflected the changing nature of Irish society Certain issues openly dealt with: - Sex - Homosexuality - Female emancipation - Domestic violence - Divorce - Ethnic tensions/diversity It is also argued that it contributed significantly to the decline of church power in Ireland. For the first time the church’s view on certain matters was openly contradicted.

4. Media in Ireland

4.1. 1. Limited ownership – media is usually owned by small number of wealthy individuals, usually men. 2. Advertising Advertisers seek a: ‘supportive selling environment’ i.e. Certain (more entertaining) material is more likely to attract advertisers 3. Sourcing The state is often the source of news This gives politicians and civil servants much power as it can provide statements on emerging government policy. 4. Consistency with dominant ideology Media messages must be consistent with the ‘inevitability and progressiveness of globalisation’.

5. Mass Media and Children

5.1. - Central roles in peoples lives - 2/3 aged 9 - one to three hours per day - Linked to mothers level of education and to social class

5.2. Internet and Social Networking: - Growing availability and use of new technology. - 89% of children - access to computer. - 93% higher social class groups v 78% lower social class - Usage without adult supervision for one-third - 1 in 5 children access internet from a handheld device and almost 1 in 3 from a mobile phone

5.3. Media and Identity: - Big part of lives - Play growing role in the world in which we live - Influences our identity – confirm or explore identity - Latest social attitudes - Latest trends in fashion, gardening, home improvements - Creates desires for things and shapes ideas about what we should buy - Media induced images adopted - Impressions about other social groups