ESO Grammar

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ESO Grammar by Mind Map: ESO Grammar

1. Past

1.1. Simple

1.1.1. Affirmative

1.1.1.1. You called Samantha

1.1.2. Negative

1.1.2.1. You didn't call Samantha

1.1.3. Question

1.1.3.1. Did you call Samantha

1.2. Perfect

1.2.1. Affirmative

1.2.1.1. You had studied English before you moved to New York

1.2.2. Negative

1.2.2.1. You hadn't studied English before you moved to New York

1.2.3. Question

1.2.3.1. Had you studied English before you moved to New York?

1.3. Used to

1.3.1. Affirmative

1.3.1.1. I used to go to the beach every day

1.3.2. Negative

1.3.2.1. I didn't use to go to the beach every day

1.3.3. Question

1.3.3.1. Did you use to go to the beach every day?

1.4. Continuous

1.4.1. Affirmative

1.4.1.1. You were studying when she called

1.4.2. Negative

1.4.2.1. You weren't studying when she called

1.4.3. Questions

1.4.3.1. Were you studying when she called?

2. Future

2.1. Will

2.1.1. Affirmative

2.1.1.1. You will help him later

2.1.2. Negative

2.1.2.1. You won't help him later

2.1.3. Question

2.1.3.1. Will you help him later

2.2. Going to

2.2.1. Affirmative

2.2.1.1. You are going to meet Paul tonight

2.2.2. Negative

2.2.2.1. You aren't going to meet Paul tonight

2.2.3. Question

2.2.3.1. Are you going to meet Paul tonight?

2.3. Present cotinous

2.3.1. Affirmative

2.3.1.1. You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight

2.3.2. Negative

2.3.2.1. You won't be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight

2.3.3. Question

2.3.3.1. Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight

3. Modal

3.1. Ability

3.1.1. She can play the piano

3.2. Permission

3.2.1. Could I leave early today please?

3.2.2. You may not use the car tonight

3.2.3. Can we swim in the lake?

3.3. Possibility

3.3.1. It's snowing so it must be very cold outside

3.3.2. He could missed the train

3.3.3. This night can't be right

4. Present

4.1. Simple

4.1.1. Affirmative

4.1.1.1. You speak English

4.1.2. Negative

4.1.2.1. You don't speak English

4.1.3. Question

4.1.3.1. Do you speak English?

4.2. Continuous

4.2.1. Affirmative

4.2.1.1. You are watching TV

4.2.2. Negative

4.2.2.1. You aren't watching TV

4.2.3. Question

4.2.3.1. Are you watching?

4.3. Perfect

4.3.1. Affirmatve

4.3.1.1. You have seen that movie many times

4.3.2. Negative

4.3.2.1. You haven't seen that movie many times

4.3.3. Question

4.3.3.1. Have you seen that movie many times?

4.4. Perfect continuous

4.4.1. Affirmative

4.4.1.1. You have been waiting here for two hours

4.4.2. Negative

4.4.2.1. You haven't been waiting here for two hours

4.4.3. Question

4.4.3.1. Have you been waiting here for two hours?