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TOK Terms by Mind Map: TOK Terms
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TOK Terms

Knowledge

Definition: 1 facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject: a thirst for knowledge | her considerable knowledge of antiques. • what is known in a particular field or in total; facts and information: the transmission of knowledge. • Philosophy true, justified belief; certain understanding, as opposed to opinion. 2 awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation: the program had been developed without his knowledge | he denied all knowledge of the overnight incidents

IB Subject: Maths: basic maths, we know that 2+2=4, that cannot change.

Information

Definition: information is any form of message as long as it can be released and understood i.e. it can be communicated

IB Subject: π in Maths refers to an irrational number, this gives us information about the meaning of π

Data

Definition: A dictionary definition is ‘Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.’ The data and facts gained through study, research and communication can comprise of our knowledg

IB Subject: Biology, collecting Data from an experiment to help explore or prove a theory. The data that we gather in Biology helps us to either prove a hypothesis or explore an already known one. There can be human error in the collection of data that may not always give truth.

Belief

Definition: 1 an acceptance that a statement is true or that something exists: his belief in the value of hard work | a belief that solitude nourishes creativity. • something one accepts as true or real; a firmly held opinion or conviction: contrary to popular belief, Aramaic is a living language | we're prepared to fight for our beliefs. • A religious conviction: Christian beliefs |I'm afraid to say belief has gone | local beliefs and customs. 2 (belief in) trust, faith, or confidence in someone or something: a belief in democratic politics |I've still got belief in myself.

IB Subject: English: the belief that what you interpret the meaning of the text to be, is true, based upon your personal beliefs, views and understanding

Faith

Definition: 1 confidence or trust in a person or thing: faith in anothers ability. 2.belief that is not based on proof: He had faith that the hypothesis would be substantiated by fact. 3.belief in God or in the doctrines or teachings of religion: the firm faith of the Pilgrims. 4.belief in anything, as a code of ethics, standards of merit, etc.: to be of the same faith with someone concerning honesty. 5.a system of religious belief: the Christian faith; the Jewish faith.

IB subject relation: going on the second definition of faith, faith is used commonly in subject such as chemistry and biology when conducting practical experiments in class. students are given a hypothesis, and through faith in the given prediction it is, then up to the student to prove the hypothesis, having faith that it will succeed.

Opinion

Definition: A view or judgement of something not necessarily based on fact.

IB Subject: Opinion plays a huge role in history, seen most clearly in historiography. Different interpretations of events, all influenced by individual's belief system, values and personal experiences, lead to different "schools" of thinking. For example, when studying the Russian Revolution, the Liberal, Soviet and Revisionist approaches depict the events in entirely different light. Opinion also plays a role in French, where a view of acceptable social conduct dictates the use of certain vocabulary.

Understanding

definition 1. mental process of a person who comprehends; comprehension; personal interpretation: My understanding of the word does not agree with yours. 2.intellectual faculties; intelligence; mind: a quick understanding. 3.superior power of discernment; enlightened intelligence: With her keen understanding she should have become a leader. 4.knowledge of or familiarity with a particular thing; skill in dealing with or handling something: an understanding of accounting practice. 5.a state of cooperative or mutually tolerant relations between people: To him, understanding and goodwill were the supreme virtues.

IB subject relation: in all areas of the IB learning profile, understanding is crucial. In all subjects, to some degree, a solid understanding is essential. For the key aspect of learning is understanding.

Theory

Definition: a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, esp. one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained:Darwin's theory of evolution.

IB Subject: Biology: The theory of evolution. A theory is a proposed idea, explanation and/or way of thinking.

Explanation

Definition: A statement or account that makes something clear: the birth rate is central to any explanation of population trends. • a reason or justification given for an action or belief: Freud tried to make sex the explanation for everything | my application was rejected without explanation

IB Subject: Chemistry: Atomic structure is an explanation of the make up and structure of all matter.

Wisdom

Definition: A dictionary definition of wisdom would be ‘The soundness of an action or decision with a regard to the application of such experience, knowledge and good judgement.

IB Subject: Art, the wisdom of our teacher guiding us in our ideas for artwork. In art, our teacher has gained a lot of wisdom from past experience, and we frequently we ask her for advice based of her good judgement.