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History of Visual Communications by Mind Map: History of Visual Communications
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History of Visual Communications

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Gutenberg was inspired to make it by his love of reading.

He experimented with printing by metal typography.

Gutenberg also introduced oil based ink.

Cave Paintings

cave paintings are forms of visual art created by prehistoric people on the walls and ceilings of caves

Chauvet Pont d’Arc



Why were they created?

Paint was made of

Cave paintings were made as far back as 40,000 years ago.



written on clay tablets


Cuneiform was created to record business transactions.


It was influenced by the Sumerian concept of expressing words with writing.

They had both logographic and alphabetic elements.

They were used to record information about religion and government.

Scribes were able to write them.

Hieroglyphics were deciphered becuase of the Rosetta Stone.

Phonetic Alphabet

There are several theories for the origin of the Phonetic Alphabet.

The Phonetic Alphabet was very successful.

Based on the principle that one letter represents on sound.

Letters started with consonants.

The Greek alphabet adopted the Phonetic letter form.

The Book

Scrolls were used before books.

The codex replaced the scroll.

Gutenberg Press

John Fust invested in the printing press on the condition that if he wasn't paid back in time, he got the printing press and all related materials.

The first book printed on it was the Bible.

The printing press had seven major effects on communication.

A hand press that presses letters with ink on them on to paper.

Linotype Machine

Clephane was looking for an easier way to transcribe notes and legal briefs.

Sholes made the only commercially successful typewriter.

Celphane approached Ottmar Mergenthaler to help improve Clephane's machine.

The Linotype machine allowed operators to set type mechanically.

It allowed newspapers to print more pages with fewer operators.

The Lino type keyboard had 90 keys.



The word from photography came from John Hershel.

Joseph Niepce created the first successful photograph.


Callotype Process

Wet Collodion Process

Dry Process

George Eastman



Early Computers


The first computer game was Space War.

Douglas Engelbert invented the mouse.

The first internet was called ARPANET.


Robert Metcalfe introduced the first ethernet.