7 Aspects of Civilization

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7 Aspects of Civilization by Mind Map: 7 Aspects of Civilization

1. Government and Leaders

1.1. Egypt ( Nile )

1.1.1. Pharaohs were the rulers of Egypt. They believed that the pharaohs even ruled after death.

1.1.2. Tax collectors,accompanied by scribes, would collect taxes 3 times a year, on the first visit to measure the fields and take record of the owners names. The second time was to inspect the crops. The third time was to collect the kings share. Taxes were paid in sacks of grain.

1.1.3. Viziers were the highest officials to serve the Pharaoh. They helped supervise the way the country was being ran. They also made sure the security around the Pharaoh was kept up.

1.1.4. They had an army that protected the Pharaoh and the country. Many of the soldiers were slaves.

1.2. Indus Valley

1.2.1. They did not have one ruler, they had many sub-rulers.

1.2.2. They did not have strict laws or rules, people could do what they wanted to do.

1.2.3. The classes of people were not separated, they all shared the same rights.

1.2.4. The cities elders came together when a big decision needed to be made.

2. Economy and Trade

2.1. Egypt (Nile)

2.1.1. They relied heavily on the Nile river for trade.

2.1.2. They developed the papyri form boat that was a platform for trading along the Nile.

2.1.3. They relied much heavier on trade than other societies because, they did not have very many natural resources of their own.

2.1.4. They traded pottery, honey, and wine for ivory, ebony, leopard skins, ostrich feathers, gemstones, gold, and slaves.

2.2. Indus Vally

2.2.1. most of the economy was based on sea transportation

2.2.2. their economic lines spread from Afghanistan to Egypt.

2.2.3. they set up coastal trading posts with harbors so boats could come in.

2.2.4. they made pottery, figurines, ornaments, and seals

3. Religon

3.1. Egypt (Nile)

3.1.1. They believed inanimate objects possessed a soul and should be worshiped this religion is called Animism.

3.1.2. Egyptian culture is based on elaborate worship rituals related to death and the afterlife.

3.1.3. Hapi is the God of the Nile...His name comes from the ancient Egyptian word for the Nile; Hep.

3.1.4. Egyptian religion was in layers of myth and ritual, it nevertheless permeated the ancient civilization of the Nile and ultimately shaped, sustained and directed Egyptian culture in almost every way.

3.2. Indus Valley

3.2.1. Carried around objects that had religious beliefs sutch as necklaces and bracelets.

3.2.2. Historians believed that the people from the Indus Valley where Hindus.

3.2.3. Many of the people from the Indus Valley wrote down their beliefs in stone or scribed them.

3.2.4. Many people worshiped in animal sprits.

4. Science and Technology

4.1. Egypt (Nile)

4.1.1. They developed embaling technology to preserve organs

4.1.2. Mummification was used to preseve bodies

4.1.3. Built the great pyramids using arcitecture

4.1.4. They developed a way to put brick so closely together that even to this day we cannot sink a knife between them.

4.2. Indus Valley

4.2.1. They achieved ways to measure weight, length, and mass of an object. They had uniformed weights.

4.2.2. Found a way to produce coper, tin, bronze and lead.

4.2.3. They were the first know to have drilled in teeth. People have found evidence of gold crowns put on teeth.

4.2.4. They learned how to build docks that would withstand tides and waves.

5. Geography and Agriculture

5.1. Egypt (Nile)

5.1.1. Built settlements along both sides of the river beacuse the land was more fertile.

5.1.2. They developed an intricate network of irrigation systems.

5.1.3. The "red land" was the dessert part of the land that sat between them and their neighboring civilizations. This provided them with protection and with precious gems and metals.

5.1.4. The farmers grew a mixture of wheat, barley, flax and papyrus on the fertile land along the river. That land was called "the black land".

5.2. Indus Valley

5.2.1. The civilization stretched from Mumbai [Bombay], in Maharashtra State, India, to the Himalayas and northern Afghanistan.

5.2.2. They grew mostly wheat and barley, but they also grew rye, peas, cotton, and rice.

5.2.3. They also domesticated animals such as cows, sheep, pigs and goats for food as well.

5.2.4. The river provided them with a steady flow of water both for drinking and irrigation of the land.

6. Arts and Education

6.1. Indus Vally

6.1.1. They made jewelry,such as beads,and game game peices for the children.

6.1.2. They developed a writing system that we are unable to read today.

6.1.3. They made figures out of clay and metal such as animals or human statues.

6.1.4. Women weaved different patterns for clothing.

6.2. Egypt (Nile)

6.2.1. They made gold jewlery such as bural masks and necklaces

6.2.2. Had musicians that played for workers on feilds

6.2.3. Women used kohl as makeup around their eyes.

6.2.4. Developed hieroglyphics, a writing system that was made of little pictures.

7. Social Structure and Family LIfe

7.1. Egypt (Nile)

7.1.1. Nuclear Family was the core of Egyptian society and many of the gods were even arranged into such groupings.

7.1.2. Marriage was purely a social arrangement that regulated property.

7.1.3. Each city had its prefect, a sort of mayor whose business it was to provide what was necessary for the civic needs of the inhabitants.

7.1.4. Most ancient Egyptians worked as field hands, farmers, craftsmen and scribes.

7.2. Indus Valley

7.2.1. Indus River Valley Civilization did have a difference in social status when it came to gender and age, women didn't really have rights.

7.2.2. Men in the Indus Valley had all the rights and could do as they pleased.

7.2.3. There where three social classes the wealthy, the middle class, and the poor.

7.2.4. Had smaller families and had mini cities.

8. The Nile River

9. The Indus River

10. Pottery

11. ancient technolohy

12. Ancient Tools

13. Ancient religious artifact

14. ancient religious artifact

15. Ancient

16. Artifacates that where found.