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Seven Aspects of Civilization by Mind Map: Seven Aspects of Civilization
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Seven Aspects of Civilization

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Economy and Trade

Huang He

First systems of coin money

Due to isolationism, not much trading with other groups

Wealthy people traded basic necessities for jewels with the less wealthy

Traded within empire crops, jewels, and iron

Egypt

Sold goods like jewelry and goods

Artisans/ craftspeople/ and merchants made the things to be sold

Mines in Nubia produced gold, granite, and precious stones

Sold ostrich eggs, animal skins, ivory, ebony, slaves and feathers

Religion

Huang He

Rituals had ancestors in mind and were for ancestors.

Ancestors were worshiped and praised

Had big shrines

Believed in the afterlife

Sought advice from oracle bones

Egypt

They worshipped hundreds of Gods and Goddesses

Anubis was the protector of the dead

Osiris was the king and judge of the dead

Isis was the wife and sister of Osiris

Hurus was the God of the sky and the son of Osiris

Social Structure and Family

Huang He

Many people had free time to do as they please

Hunted for sport

Large disposable army

Farmers called on to fight sometimes

Farmers called to do slave labor on big projects

Egypt

They varied widely from class to class

Pharohs often married their sisters to keep the royal in their blood

Women and children typically took care of the home

90% of the population was made of peasant farmers

Geography and Agriculture

Huang He

Long rivers helped for irrigation

Fertile soil made for good crops

Temperate climate helped the crops

Isolated Valleys kept from other countries invading. Himalayan Mountains created a barrier for protection

Egypt

The Nile River is the longest in the world

Without the Nile running through the Sahara, there would be no life in the Sahara

The Nile provided Egyptians water for farming, plants, and animals

The Sahara was so difficult to cross that it discouraged people from invading

Government and Leaders

Huang He

Ruled by a strong monarchy

Army was responsible for confrontation both foreign and domestic

Kings were surrounded by a court of nobles and wealthy men

Governors were appointed to ruled distant lands

King thought of as a god

Egypt

The Pharoh was similar to a King. The term literally means great house. They believed he was a God.

Egypt was a theocracy which is a state ruled by religous figures.

The Pharoh couldn't rule Egypt alone so he had the bureaucracy to help him. The bureaucracy is a highly structured organization managed by officials

The Vizier helped the bureaucracy. They were hundreds of lesser officers.

Arts and Education

Huang He

Developed a style of Chinese writing system

Decorated tomb stones for good after life of the dead

Wrote and drew pictures on oracle bones

Used iron as a "backbone" and in security by making weapons

Egypt

There paintings were stories based on the gods

There statues were large and imposing

Had a good understanding of arithmetic and geometry

They used hieroglyphics for writing

Science and Technology

Huang He

Worked with bronze for ritual uses and sculptures

Built huge, stable structures and tombs

Melted metal to apply to oracle bones for religious uses to answer questions

Developed first lunar calendar- phases of the moon

Built canals and roads for better transportation

Egypt

Used pulp from papyrus plants to make paper-like sheets

to cure illnesses they made medicines from plants

Built pyrimads

Used tombs and temples to paint on