Air

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Air by Mind Map: Air

1. Pollutants

1.1. Cause

1.1.1. Greenhouse Effect

1.1.1.1. Enhanced Greenhouse Effect happens when there is too much greenhouse gases and they trap too much heat. This is usually caused by many human factors.

1.1.1.1.1. Deforestation

1.1.1.1.2. Burning of Fossil Fuels

1.1.1.2. The enhanced version of this causes global warming

1.1.2. Ozone Depletion

1.1.2.1. Mainly caused by CFCs released by humans.

1.1.2.1.1. Aerosols

1.1.2.1.2. Refridgerators

1.1.2.2. Will result in serious problems

1.1.2.2.1. Melting of ice caps due to hole above arctic, causing sea-level rise.

1.1.2.2.2. Skin cancer as more UV rays which are harmful will get through atmosphere

1.1.3. Acid Rain

1.1.3.1. Unusually acidic rain, meaning that it possesses elevated levels of hydrogen ions. It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals, humans and infrastructure.

1.1.3.2. Caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids.

1.1.3.3. Chemicals in acid rain can cause paint to peel, corrosion of steel structures such as bridges, and erosion of stone statues.

1.2. Methane

1.2.1. Released by decomposing plant material and cow waste.

1.2.2. Causes ozone depletion much faster than carbon dioxide.

1.3. Nitrogen Oxides

1.3.1. Mainly generated by the burning of fossil fuels and vehicles

1.3.2. Formed in high temperatures as the nitrogen reacts with oxygen

1.3.3. Causes acid rain

1.4. Carbon Dioxide

1.4.1. Traps heat

1.5. Carbon Monoxide

1.5.1. Traps heat

1.5.2. Harmful to humans

1.5.3. Highly increase concentration of methane

2. Carbon Cycle

2.1. 1) Respiration and Emissions release CO2

2.2. 2) CO2 used in Photosynthesis

2.3. 3) Fossil and fossil fuels created when dead organisms decay over the years underground

3. Composition of Air

3.1. 20% Oxygen

3.1.1. Used in Respiration

3.1.2. Oxygen Therapy

3.1.3. Used in Combustion

3.1.4. Heating and Welding

3.2. 0.03% Carbon Dioxide

3.2.1. Main Greenhouse gas

3.2.2. Harmful to human health

3.2.3. Produced by respiration

3.3. 7% Nobel Gases

3.3.1. Argon

3.3.2. Neon

3.4. 78% Nitrogen

3.4.1. Food Storage

3.4.2. Electric Bulbs

3.4.2.1. Personal Todo List

3.4.2.2. Vacation Planning

3.4.2.3. Meeting Minutes

3.4.2.4. Project Plan

3.4.2.5. more...

3.4.3. Ammonia by Haber Process

3.4.3.1. Offline Mode

3.4.3.2. Geistesblitz Tools

3.4.3.3. Email & SMS Gateways

3.4.3.4. Offline Mode

4. Solutions

4.1. Use of Technology

4.1.1. Wind Power

4.1.2. Solar Energy

4.1.3. Hydraulic Energy

4.1.4. Nuclear Power

4.2. Laws and Rules

4.2.1. Kyoto Protocol

4.2.2. The Copenhagen Conference