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Hala Youssef- Weimar Republic by Mind Map: Hala Youssef-
Weimar Republic
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Hala Youssef- Weimar Republic


Attempts at economic recovery

Loans from the USA, German version of the Roaring '20s, Increase in value of Reichsmark against dollar, July 1914- 4.2, Nov 15, 1923- 4,200,000,000,000, Improved relations with the US

Matthias Erzberger's plans

Control of unemployment

Welfare legislation of 1927

Increase in industrial output, At pre-war levels by 1923, Double of pre-war levels by 1929


Decided in Treaty of Versailles Regulated by League of Nations, Dawes Plan, Young Plan...

New node

Changes to the economy


Currency backing, Agricultural resources, Industrial Resources

Occupation of Ruhr

French seizure of coal and raw materials


Blame on Republic

Began under Kaiser


Resentment about foundation of the Republic

Feelings that 'true basis' of the Republic was the Treaty of Versailles and not the Constitution

Burden of increased taxes

Camps of Youth and Soldiers

Prejudice against Socialists and Jews

The 'Golden Age

More jobs because of increased productivity

Cafe/ club culture

More appreciation of the arts

Flourishing sciences

Effects of Inflation

Loss of pensions

Labor Unions

Impossibility of traditional German wedding/ marriage

Loss of life savings (because of currecy drop)

Temporary understanding between armed forces and Republic

German Volk

**SEE NAZIS MINDMAP Hans Gunther's Ideal Race- the Germanic race

Importance of national identity


In the control of those who had nothing but contempt for the Republic and who therefore made no effort to prepare the German youth for republican citizenship

Compulsory primary school, Public School, Private School

Improvement of Universities


Weimar Republic as successor of the Reich

Collapse of war effort, abdication of Kaiser Nov. 9, 1918, mutinous fleet under Kiel and Wihelshaven Friedrich Ebert as leader of new socialist democratic government. Cease fire signed Nov. 11, 1918 A.J. Nicholls parliamentary charades of Bismark's time Gordon Craig 'aborted revolution' causing cahnge in basic political attitudes and prejudices

National Assembly


Policy of Fulfillment

Political parties

There were many. In a speech, Hitler clearly stated that he intended on reducing the number of parties to one: the Nazis  

Social Democratic Party

Communist Party (KPD)

Democratic Party (DDP)

Left vs. Right, Left, KPF, General hostility between Left and Social Democrats, Right, Nationalists (DNVP), NSDAP (Nazis), 25 Points, Violent expression of national hostility, Kapp Putsch (March 1920), Murders, Matthias Erzberger (August 1921), Walter Rathenau (June 1922), 'March on Berlin' (November 1923), Hostility towards frivolity of the Golden Twenties

Center Party

Basis on bitterness and resentment

Misplaced hopes on Wilson's Fourteen Points and expectations of consideration of their replacement of the Kaiser by a social democracy A doomed regime

Denial of German entrance into the League of Nations

Territorial losses, Alsace-Lorraine to France, West Prussia and Posen (Polish Corridor) to Poland, Losses after Plebiscites, Eupen and Malmedy to Belgium, Northern Schleswig to Denmark, Part of Upper Silesia to Poland, Danzig as a free city, Memel, Saarland

Reparations and loss of fruit of German production to foreign nations

Claims that defeat was caused by betrayal of secret enemy at home


Threats from Left, Sparcist Rising, Communist Rising in Ruhr

Threats from Right, Kapp Putsch, White Terror, "Beerhall Putsch"

Collapse of coalitions

Parties' unwillingness to compromise, Extremists' gain of power

Stable political leadership

Gustav Stressmann (1923), Reduced reparations payments, Dawes Plan, Locarno Pacts, Orthodox conservative, Positions, Chancellor (for 3 months), Foreign Minister till death in 1929

Paul von Hinderburg, Man of impeccable patriotic credentials, Wartime hero, Election based on nostalgia, Effectively defended the Republic

Loss of power

Rise of Nazism (see other mindmap)

Appointment of Hitler as Chancellor


Freedom of belief and conscience

Religious population

65% Protestant, Lutheran, Reformed

34% Catholic

1% Jewish

Opinions of the Republic

Both Protestant and Catholic clergy were suspicious of the Socialists who were a part of the ruling group in Weimar and who often voiced Marxist hostility toward religion. Conflicts over religion and education and religion and gender policies were often intense during the Weimar years.  

Growth of Communist Party

Protestant and Catholic clergy alarmed

Growing anti-semitism


More, better art

More luxury in the people's lives


'New Objectivity'

German expressionism, Nolde, Kandinsky, Kirchner

Dada, John Harfield, Hannah Hoch, George Grosz, Otto Dix

Boom in German Film industry

Absence of foreign films

Leni Reifenstahl

Mountain films

Two main genres, Fantastic and mystical, Realistic and psychological

More musical diversity

Arrival of Jazz to Germany

3 Penny Opera

Prosper of literature

Change in architecture style





Use of airplanes in one of Hitler's campaigns to be able to reach the people

Scientific discovery

Effect of cigarettes

Cinema and film making

Training in Russia

Condition of Treaty of Rapallo in 1922

People/ Events

New constitution in 1919





See politics and other mindmap

I put the score on your other map. Keep up the good work.

Nice job making all of these connections. Your Arts section also is nicely built out. Score on other map.