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Trotsky's Life by Mind Map: Trotsky
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Trotsky's Life

tried to continue the war. attacked austria in June 1917, but after initial success, the germans moved in and the russians were defeated.

Terror

totalitarian state

CHEKA arrested and killed opponents

censorship

Lenin said a 'dictatorship of the poletariat was needed until russia was fully communist'

red guards

well trained

dedicated

Germans supported LENIN to remove russia from the war

Tsar and tsarina

unpopular

hated after bloody sunday

tsar blamed for WW1 defeats

tsarina left in charge while Tsar is in charge of the army

february revolution

WHY?

weaknesses, peasants, poverty, corrupt autocracy, okhrana, censorship, lack of support

war, army badly led, army poorly equiped, huge defeats, tannenburg, Japan, anger and unrest

Attacks and oppostian, wanted communist government, DUMA, angry over lack of power, didn't support the government, social revolutionary party, social democratic party, mensheviks, bolsheviks

reforms failed, STOLYPIN had tried, Primeminister, Murdered in 1911, let kulaks buy their own land, last chance to reform was lost

industrialisation, created huge urban workforce, terrible condition, disaffection in petrograd

EVENTS

7 th March, steel workers go on strike

8th March, international womens day, bread riots

10th March, half workforce on strike, Tsarina orders troops to stop them

11th March, troops fired at crowds, tsar dissolves the DUMA

12th March, soldiers joined riots, DUMA set up a 12 man 'provisional government' led by KERENSKY, soldiers and workers set up 'petrograd soviets'

15th March, Tsar abdicates

Army abandoned Tsar

8th March 1917, there were riots in petrograd about the food shortages and the war

12th March 1917, the soldiers mutinied and refused to put down the riots. GOVERNMENT LOST CONTROL OF THE COUNTRY

13th March 1917, Duma went to tsar and told him to abdicate

November revolution

events

6th november, - red guards take over bridges/ telephone exchanges

7th november, winter palace, provisional government leaders arrested, - red guards take over banks, government buildings and railways

8th november, new communist government

why they succeeded

government

terrible conditions

peasants

War

Bolsheviks

Kornilov

'peace,bread land'

party newspaper Pravda (means truth)

Financed publicity campaigns

LENIN, Brilliant leader, great organiser, single minded

central committee sent orders to soviets who sent them to factories

demanded total obedience

Provisional Government

the petrograd soviets were very powerful it built up a nationwide network of soviets which took their orders from it. Order number 1-forbid soviets and workers to obey the provisional government unless the soviets agreed.

they did nothing to try end the power of the soviets

Terrible conditions

inflation and hunger got worse because the war didn't end

they didn't manage to end the food shortages

Peasants

started taking land

they sent troops to take back land this made the peasants VERY angry

war

there was naval mutiny

set up 'death squads' to kill deserters

Bolsheviks

LENIN published the plans for the 'april theses

'Peace, Bread and land'

'all power to the Soviets'

KORNILOV

provisional government had no control of the army

long term causes of the russian revolution.

all the intitutions that supported the monarchy-such as the Church, the nobility and the faithful loyalty of the peasants-come from the middle ages.

meanwhile new modern forces were threatening the monarchy such as the middle class, and industrial working class and Marxism.

KARL MARX, marx was a german jew who spent the majority of his life in exile as a result of his political beliefs. in his famous work, the communist manifesto. He outlined his theory of social change. this theory came to be known as marxism

Bloody sunday

22nd January 1905

As they approached the troops paniked and open fired at the workers.

it is said that 96 people died and 333 wounded but the actual amount was about 1000 people dead and many more wounded.

hence the name ' bloody sunday'

this then sparked a wave of protesters.

a priest called Father Gapon, led a crowd of 200,000 workers through the streets of St Petersbourg to Tsar's winter palace. they intended to deliver a petition to Tsar, listening to their grievances, although Tsar was not in the palace.

LENINS russia

government changes

election November 1917 results:, Bolsheviks = 175 seats, social revolutionaries = 370 seats

:lenin did

closed asembilies

killed objectors

ruled by decree

Brest-litovsk

Bolsheviks ended the war in 1917

treaty gave good agricultural and industrial land to germany

Russia lost, Ukrane, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

Communist state

land taken from nobles and given to peasants

Elected committees of workers controlled factories

Communist society

Religions banned

churches destroyed

priests killed

labour law

8 hour day

unemployment pay

pensions, New node

education

science encouraged

history and latin banned

people taught to read

Communist morals

divorce allowed

abortion allowed

greater equality for women

war communism

introduced during the civil war

factories taken over

strikes made illegal, strikers will be shot

rationing

peasants forced to give surplus food to government

the civil war

Causes

Challenges of the bolsheviks, social revolutionaires, mensheviks, Tsarists, Former army officers, former land lords, political opponents, white armies led by general YUDENICH and DENIKEN attacked from the west, Tried to right-wing/pro-tsar army corp in august 1917., Admiral KOLCHAK attacked from the east

Czech legion, prisoners of war mutinied as they were being taken across Russia, took control of Trains-siberian railways, supported KOLCHAK

events

1918, Tsar and family killed

1919, red army defeated admiral KOLCHAK, British, French, Americans went home

1920, last white army defeated in crimea

1921, red army invaded Poland, defeated, famine and disease throughout Russia, millions dead

Why the BOLSHEVIKS won

whites army, were disunited, thousands of miles apart, easy to fight one by one

TROTSKY, brilliant leader of red army, excellent war strategies, clever tactics

Beliefs, many Russians believed they were fighting for a better world, others hated foreign armies, army enthusiatic and determined

war communism, factories nationalised, military discipline in factories, strikes made illegal, surplus food handed over to the government, rationing, sufficent army supplies

Terror, cheka murdered whites, terror was used to ensure loyalty and unity

bolsheviks had moscow/petrograd=factories and supplies, controlled railways=communication/supples

army of 300,000 men

NEP (new economic policy

cause

1921 kronstadt sailors mutiny

Demanded

free speech

end to the war communism

free elections

free trade unions

bolsheviks concerned, bought in NEP.

it was opposed by some members of government as capitalism

but restored some prosperity

new small buisnesses

small factories returned to owners

small private buisnesses allowed

New node