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Gordon - Environmental Science Vocabulary by Mind Map: Gordon - Environmental Science
Vocabulary
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Gordon - Environmental Science Vocabulary

Biome

A geographic are that contains many ecosystems. Biomes can be determined by climate and elevation.

Marine

Rainforest

This ecosystem usually has the greatest biodiversity.

Coniferous Forest

Temperate Deciduous Forest

Desert

Tundra

This ecosystem usually has the least biodiversity

Freshwater

Grassland/Savannah

Ecosystem

A habitat where different organisms survive and interact

Community, Population, Organism

Water pollution, Point Source Pollution, Non-Point Souce Pollution, Organic Pollutant, Inorganic Pollutant

Watershed

Water Purification, Desalination, Wetlands

Impermeable, Runoff

Food Chain

Producers

These organisms get their energy from the sun through photosynthesis.

Primary Consumers

Secondary Consumers

Tertiary Consumers

Decomposers

Trophic Levels

Producers, the various stages of consumers, and decomposers are all Trophic Levels. From one trophic level to the next, only 10% of the energy is passed.

Food Web

Biotic Factors

Biotic: A living or dead organism, or a piece of that living or dead organism.

Abiotic Factors

Abiotic: something that never was, is not, and never will be alive. It could also be the decomposed remains of a dead organism.

Rocks

Soil

Water

Aquifer

Air

Erosion

When water continuously runs over a surface, it erodes. A layer of shrubs and other plants decreases erosion.

Biodiversity

Ecosystem Biodiversity

Hot spots

Indicator Species

Species Biodiversity

Endangered Species

Threatened Species

Genetic Biodiversity

Ecological Succession

Primary Succession

What starts out as a completely barren piece of land, void of life, can flourish into a climax community through primary succession

Pioneer species

Secondary Succession

If an ecosystem gets wiped out from some type of natural disaster, it can rebuild itself through secondary succession.

Climax Community

This is the final development stage of an ecosystem.

Limiting Factors

Carrying Capacity

Population Growth

Population Growth Rate

Exponential Growth

J-curve

S-curve

Urbanization

This is when people build houses, factories, parks, and other structures on what was natural land.

Natural Resources

Things from nature that we can use in our lives.

Renewable Resources

Nonrenewable Resources