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Environmental Science Deena by Mind Map: Environmental Science
Deena
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Environmental Science Deena

Biome

With many ecosystems based on climate and elevation.

Rainforest

Temperate deciduous forest

Coniferous forest

Tundra

Freshwater

Marine

Grassland/savannah

Desert

Wetland

Ecosystem

A place where all biotic and abiotic factors are interacting.

Abiotic Factors

An object that is not, never was and never could be living or part of a living thing.

Temperature

Elevation

Weather/climate

Latitude/longitude

Wind direction

Tides

Geographic features

Trash

Sunlight

Biotic Factors

Anything that is or was living or was part of a living thing.

Animals

Plants

Corpses

Hair/fingernails

Paper

Organism

A living thing.

Community

A group of different organisms that interact with eachother.

Food Chain, Trophic Levels, Producer, Primary Consumer, Secondary Consumer, Tertiary Consumer, Decomposer

Food Web

Population, Biodiversity, Genetic Biodiversity, Species Biodiversity, Hot Spot, Endangered Species, Threatened Species, Ecosystem Biodiversity, Indicator Species

Ecological Succession

A process in which the communities of an ecosystem change over time.

Primary Succession

Occurs in places where an ecosystem has never existed. Ex.: a newly formed island

Secondary Succession

The process that begins in an ecosystem when something has destroyed or disturbed the natural ecosystem. Ex.: A natural disaster

Pioneer Species

Climax Community

Population

Limiting Factors

Factors that prevent a species from reaching its carrying capacity.

Carrying Capacity

The maximum amount of a species that an environment can support.

Population Growth Rate

How quickly a specie's population grows.

Exponential Growth

J-Curve

S-Curve

Population Growth

Water Pollution

Point Source

Pollution that can be traced back to a source and is dumped directly into a body of water. Ex. factories, sewers, oil-leaking boats

Nonpoint Source

Pollution that is difficult to trace the source of and is washed into a body of water. Ex. Motor oil, soda cans, cigarette butts, fertilizers, dog waste.

Organic Pollutant

A pollutant that occurs and is found in nature.

Inorganic Pollutant

A pollutant added to the environment by man, often the result of urbanization.

Urbanization

The physical growth of urban areas.

Resources

a source of supply, support, or aid, esp. one that can be readily drawn upon when needed.

Natural Resources

Materials or things that people use from the Earth

Non-renewable Resources

Any material/energy source that can not be replaced within a human lifespan. Ex: gold, fossil fuels, coal, rocks/minerals, nuclear energy, uranium

Renewable Resources

Any material/energy source that circles or can be replaced within a human lifespan Ex:wind, trees, air, water, solar power, animals

Water

Aquifer

An underground layer of a permeable surface that stores water.

Desalination

The removal of salt/chemicals from water. Can occur through: evaporation, freezing, reverse osmosis

Water Purification

The process of removing undesirable contaminants from water.

Watershed

A region drained by, or one that contributes to, a stream, lake, okr other body of water. (there are 104 in Pennsylvania)

Impermeable

A surface that does not allow any type of fluid/water to pass through. Ex: pavement, cement

Erosion

Runoff