Alex Environmental Science Mind Map vocab Project

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Alex Environmental Science Mind Map vocab Project by Mind Map: Alex Environmental Science Mind Map vocab Project

1. Trophic Levels

1.1. Producers

1.1.1. Lowest on the trophic pyramid. All energy is from them.

1.2. Primary Consumers

1.2.1. Low on the pyramid. They arent very dominant and they dont eat much.

1.3. Secondary Consumers

1.3.1. In the middle they are usually carnivores and have only few predators.

1.4. Tertiary Consumers

1.4.1. They are the main consumers in the pyramid. They eat a lot and are top on a food chain.

1.5. Decomposers

1.5.1. These are an on the side group they dont do much but decompose. Ex.(a worm)

2. Biomes

2.1. Desert

2.2. Forest

2.3. Tundra

2.4. Grassland/Savannah

2.5. wetlands

2.6. Desiduous Forest

2.7. Rain Forest

2.8. Temperate Desiduous Forest

2.9. Coniferous forest

2.10. Freshwater

2.11. Marine

3. Abiotic Factors

3.1. Something that is non-living and never has been living.

4. Biotic Factors

4.1. Something that is living was once living or is part of something living or part of something that was living at one time.

5. Organism

5.1. A living object.

5.1.1. Live in a community, and the number of them is known as their population. We are organisms as well as all other living things around us.

6. Ecosystem

6.1. A system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their environment.

7. Food Chain

7.1. A chain of organisms related by their eating habits. Producers are lowest on the chain and tertiary consumers are on the top of the chain.

8. Food Web

8.1. A series of organisms linked by predator and prey and consumer/resource interactions.

9. Hot Spots

9.1. Hot spots are regions with the greatest concentrations of species. They cover 2% of the earths land mass.

10. Biodiversity

10.1. diversity among plant and animal species, genetics, and ecosystems. (the variety).

10.2. Genetic Biodiversity

10.3. Species Biodiversity

10.4. Ecosystem Biodiversity

11. Endangered Species

11.1. a species at risk of extinction because of human activity

12. Threatened Species

12.1. A species likely to become endangered because of humans overexploiting their population.

13. Ecological Succession

13.1. Ecological sucession is the way in which a ecosystem matures. It could be primary sucessino or secondary sucession. Primary starts from scratch, and secondary is rebuilding.

14. Population growth

14.1. It is the births minus the death in a population.

14.2. Population Growth rate is the rate at which a population is growing over a period of time.

15. Pioneer Species

15.1. These are the species that start off an ecosystem, when they are rebuilding or just starting. They are very delicate.As are indicator species.

16. Climax Community

16.1. This is when a community reaches full/ is at it's climax. For example when an empty lot turns into a full forest.

17. Limiting Factors

17.1. Limiting factors are factors that keep a population from reaching it's carrying capacity(when a population is at its kept height).

18. Carrying capacity

18.1. The biggest number of organisms that an ecosystem can support. When an ecosystem is full.

19. Exponential Growth

19.1. development at an increasingly rapid rate in proportion to the growing total number or size.

20. J-curve

20.1. A graph when you have a upward increase that is continuing.

21. S-curve

21.1. A graph that has an upward increase and then lavels off at a point. Many populations level off when they reach carrying capacity.

22. Water Pollution

22.1. Water pollution is everywhere throughout the U.S. from trash, to chemicals and toxins. Many of our waterways are polluted.

23. Aquifier

23.1. An aquifier is something used to clean water that is not pure.

24. Desalination

24.1. Desalination means to take the salt out of something such as saltwater.

25. Water Purification

25.1. Means to purify unpure water.

26. Watershed

26.1. A watershed is a basin where all the used water from an area goes. for example a lake or a river.

27. Impermiable

27.1. A surface where water cannot be soaked into.

28. Erosion

28.1. Erosion is when water eats the land away when it does not have proper nutrients.

29. Runoff

29.1. Runoff is water that comes off of impermiable surfaces, usually roads where the water drains into sewers.

30. Wetlands

30.1. land that has a wet and spongy soil, as a marsh, swamp, or bog. Absorbs a lot of water.

31. Urbanization

31.1. When an area becomes urban. Lots of construction is involved.

32. Point source and non point source.

32.1. Point source comes from a specific location and is easy to pinpoint. non point source is from an unknown source and is hard to pinpoint.

33. Organic and inorganic pollution

33.1. Disposal of organic or inorganic wastes as pollution. ex. dog waste and toxins.

34. natural, renewable and non renewable resources

34.1. all materials humans use.