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Environmental Science David by Mind Map: Environmental Science
David
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Environmental Science David

Trophic Levels

Decomposer

Tertiary Consumer

1/10%

Secondary Consumer

1%

Primary Consumer

10%

Producer

100%

Energy(Sun)

Levels of Organization

Organism

In biology, an organism is any living system (such as animal, plant, fungus, or micro-organism).

Producer, Grass, Algae, Trees, Weeds

Primary Consumer, Deer, Krill, Giraffe, Duck

Secondary Consumer, Wolf, Whale, Leapard, Fox

Tertiary Consumer, Bear, Killer Whale, Lion, Mountain Lion

Decomposers, Fungi, Bacteria, Dung Beetle, Worm

Population

In biology, a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular species.

Herd of Sheep

School of Fish

Pack of Wolves

Community

In biological terms, a community is a group of interacting organisms sharing an environment.

Farm

Coral Reef

Ecosystem

An ecosystem is a system of interdependent organisms which share the same habitat, in an area functioning together with all of the physical (abiotic) factors of the environment.

Arctic

Forest

Grassland

Ocean

Pond

Wetland

Biome

Biomes are climatically and geographically defined areas of ecologically similar climatic conditions such as communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms.

Coniferous Forest

Desert

Freshwater

Marine

Rainforest

Savannah

Temperate Deciduous Forest

Tundra

Biotic Factor

A thing that lives, was living, or was part of something that did live

Acorn

Cat

Corpse

Dog

Fish

Flower

Grass

Hair

Human

Leaf

Lizard

Mouse

Paper

Tree

Abiotic Factor

A thing that is dead and had not lived or ever will live

Air

Aluminum

Glass

Heat

Plastic

Sand

Steel

Stone

Sun

Water

Wind

Food Web

A "web" style chain with arrows pointing in the direction of energy transfer

Food Chain

Food chains describe the eating relationships between species within an ecosystem or a particular living place.

Algae

Krill

Eats Algae

Fish

Eats Krill

Penguin

Eats Fish

Killer Whale

Eats Penguin

Biodiversity

Variety of Organisms

Levels

Genetic Biodiversity

Species Biodiversity

Ecosystem Biodiversity

Loss of Biodiversity

Extinct Species, Dodo, Tyrannosaurus, Passenger Pigeon, Dimetrodon, Caribbean Monk Seal

Extinct in the Wild Species, Alagoas Curassow

Threatened Species, Critically Endangered Species, Javan Rhino, Arakan Forest Turtle, Brazilian Merganser, Gharial, Endangered Species, Siberian Tiger, Blue Whale, Giant Panda, Albatross, Snow Leopard, Vulnerable Species, Cheetah, Lion, Polar Bear, Manatee, Wolverine

Conservation Dependent Species, Leopard Shark, Black Caiman, Spotted Hyena

Near Threatened Species, Blue-Billed Duck, Solitary Eagle, Small-Clawed Otter, Maned Wolf

Least Concern Species, Wood Pigeon, Harp Seal, Nootka Cypress

Hot Spots

Areas of high biodiversity

US West Coast

Central America

South America West Coast

Mediterranean

Horn of Africa

South East Asia

Indonesia/Philippines

Amazon

Japan

South Africa

New Zealand

Oceania

Indicator Species

An indicator species is any biological species that defines a trait or characteristic of the environment.It can indicate an environmental condition such as a disease, pollution or climate change.

Uses

Prospecting

Forestry Surveys

Examples

Puffin

Gray Jay

Amphibians

Mayflies

Lichens

Types

Air Quality

Water Pollution

Climate Change

Ecological Succession

Primary Succession

Succession of organisms in an area where no ecosystem existed before

Nudation, Pioneer Species

Invasion, Small Shrubs

Competition, Large Bushes and Shrubs

Reaction, Young Trees

Stabilization, Climax Community

Secondary Succession

Succession of organisms in an area where an ecosystem previously existed

Limiting Factors

Carrying Capacity

Space

Resources

Disease

Temperature

Population Growth

Growth Rate

J-Curve, Exponential Growth

S-Curve

Highest, New node

Lowest

Population

Captain Planet

Water Pollution

New node

New node

New node

New node

New node