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Literary Devices Used in Satire by Mind Map: Literary Devices Used in Satire
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Literary Devices Used in Satire


Definition: Indirectly referencing/making connections to a famous person or an event in history or another work of literature.

Example 1: "'Oh! here is Cicero,'said Candide." (pg. 72) Cicero is a famous character.

Example 2: "'What is it to me whether he pleads for Rabirius or Cluentius?...'" (pg. 72) Rabirius and Cluentius are both real people.


Definition: exaggeration

Example 1: "'...his lofty head shall touch the stars...'"; (pg. 72)

Example 2: "'..there are millions of people upon earth who have a hundred times more to complain than King Charles Edward, the Emperor Ivan, or the Sultan Achmet.'" (pg. 78)


Definition: A saying where the original meaning has been changed because of the circumstances; the changed meaning often becomes the opposite of the original.

Example 1: On page 64, it is ironic how a death of their comrade encourages them to fight.

Example 2: It is ironic how the kids of El Dorado plays with rubies and emeralds. (pg. 43)


Definition: Imitating the features of a person, an event or a serious work of literature to make fun of those features.

Example 1:The name Thunder-ten-Tronckh is making fun of the nobles. It’s satirizing how nobles are sort of foolish. (pg. 1)

Example 2: Whenever Pangloss talks, Voltaire is making fun of philosophers


Definition: Opposite of hyperbole; understatement is making something really significant seem like it's not that significant.

Example 1: "'..They are said to be the finest things in Italy, but they do not please me at all..'" (pg. 70) The character is understating about the artwork.

Example 2: “Pangloss only lost an eye and an ear.” (pg. 9) They're describing losing an eye and an ear as only.


Definition: where two words of complete opposite meanings are used right next to each other or in one sentence.

Example 1: "'..beautiful war..'" (pg. 64) Beautiful is the complete opposite of a word that would describe war.

Example 2: “A man who had never been christened, a good Anabaptist, named James...” (pg. 6) An Anabaptist wouldn't be an Anabaptist if they're not christened.