Used in Satire
by Natalie Ha
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Used in Satire
referencing/making connections to a
famous person or an event in history
or another work of literature.
Example 1: "'Oh! here is
Cicero,'said Candide." (pg. 72)
Cicero is a famous character.
Example 2: "'What is it to me whether
he pleads for Rabirius or
Cluentius?...'" (pg. 72) Rabirius and
Cluentius are both real people.
Example 1: "'...his lofty head shall
touch the stars...'"; (pg. 72)
You can't actually touch the sky
which means that it's
Example 2: "'..there are millions of
people upon earth who have a hundred
times more to complain than King
Charles Edward, the Emperor Ivan, or the
Sultan Achmet.'" (pg. 78)
There probably wouldn't be a hundred
times more complain, it's
Definition: A saying where the
original meaning has been changed
because of the circumstances; the
changed meaning often becomes
the opposite of the original.
Example 1: On page 64, it is
ironic how a death of their
comrade encourages them
Example 2: It is ironic how the kids of El
Dorado plays with rubies and emeralds. (pg.
Definition: Imitating the features of a person,
an event or a serious work of literature to
make fun of those features.
Example 1:The name Thunder-ten-Tronckh is
making fun of the nobles. It’s satirizing how
nobles are sort of foolish. (pg. 1)
Example 2: Whenever Pangloss talks, Voltaire
is making fun of philosophers
Definition: Opposite of
hyperbole; understatement is
making something really
significant seem like it's not
Example 1: "'..They are said to be the finest
things in Italy, but they do not please me at
all..'" (pg. 70) The character is understating
about the artwork.
Example 2: “Pangloss only lost an eye
and an ear.” (pg. 9) They're describing
losing an eye and an ear as only.
Definition: where two words of
complete opposite meanings are
used right next to each other or in
Example 1: "'..beautiful war..'" (pg.
64) Beautiful is the complete
opposite of a word that would
Example 2: “A man who had never been
christened, a good Anabaptist, named
James...” (pg. 6) An Anabaptist
wouldn't be an Anabaptist if they're not