AIDS Consequence Map

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AIDS Consequence Map by Mind Map: AIDS Consequence Map

1. Environmental consequences

1.1. Long Term

1.1.1. Must burn bodies to get rid of disease.

1.1.2. too much CO2 emission being released will cause greenhouse effect to Increase Greenhouse gases needed in moderation for survival or Earth and it's organisms Consequences Too much greenhouse effect will cause the Earth to overheat, bringing more consequences Ice glaciers and arctic melting, causing sea levels to rise Polar Bears and arctic animals will lose habitats and go into extinction Land will go underwater causing major catastrophes

1.1.3. Loss of trees and land for graves of the deceased will cause major problems Organisms will lose habitats

1.1.4. Human population will decrease very quickly over time

1.2. Short term

1.2.1. Local reserves will be depleted quickly

1.2.2. Wood used for coffins, fires, food

1.2.3. Water used to help hospitals and it's patients

1.2.4. Medicines at pharmacies will quickly be used up my hospitals and people at homes

1.3. Organisms

1.3.1. Cannot get AID due to it being for Humans only Can get similar types of diseases Simian Immunodeficiency Virus mutated from primates to become HIV which affects Humans today

1.3.2. Cannot be transferred from Humans to animals or viceversa

1.3.3. Loss of habitat will continue to cause extinction in all types of animals that cannot evolve fast enough

2. Scientific Consequences

2.1. AIDS

2.1.1. Stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Attacks the immune system Leaves the body vulnerable to other infections and diseases

2.1.2. Final Stage of HIV HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission of HIV leads to AIDS

2.1.3. Symptoms Chills, fevers & sweats (usually at night) Swollen lymph nodes Weakness and weight loss Many flu-like symptoms Headaches Rashes

2.1.4. Transmission of the Diseases Sexual contact with an HIV+ person Anal, oral & vaginal sex Can be transmitted through bodily fluids Sharing drug injection equipment with an HIV+ person Through genetics Breast feeding (HIV can be given to a child through breast milk) Mother to child

2.2. Vaccines & Therapies

2.2.1. Prevention Methods Preventing HIV sexually abstinence Using a condom correctly Finding out about your partner's health PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis) Taking an HIV medicine daily Intended for use by someone without HIV but is at a high risk of getting it PEP (Post-exposure Prophylaxis) Taking HIV medicines after exposure to HIV/AIDS Example: a healthcare worker working in an HIV+ environment To reduce the chance of getting the infection after exposure to it Prevention of mother-to-child Transmission of HIV Meant for use by pregnant women with HIV/AIDS Newborn babies take the HIV medicines up to 6 weeks after birth HIV infected mothers advised not to breast feed

2.2.2. Vaccines & Cures No vaccine against HIV but there are recommended vaccines for people with HIV Examples of recommended vaccines against diseases Currently no cure for HIV

2.2.3. Treatments Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) Helps HIV+ people live longer and healthier lives HIV medicines Strengthen the immune system Prevents HIV from making copies of itself FDS Approved HIV Medicines

2.3. Scientific Research

2.3.1. AIDS Measured in CD4 cell amounts CD4 count is the measure of the # of CD4 cells in a blood sample

2.3.2. HIV Measured by your RNA level Ribonucleic

2.3.3. RNA level increases as the number if CD4 cells decrease

2.3.4. A person with these diseases would have a CD4 count of less than 200 cells/mm3

2.4. Consequences

2.4.1. A person with AIDS/HIV is more prone to disease and infection

2.4.2. His/her immune system is weakened

2.4.3. You cannot make sexual contact without the chance of your partner receiving your virus

2.4.4. Side effects of HIV medicines Rapid weight loss in some places I.e. Your face Weight gain in other places Abdomen, neck etc Some medicines change the way your body stores, uses and produces fat

2.4.5. Some medicines used to treat HIV and HIV itself can harm brain function Memory loss Confusions Difficulty speaking Slowed thinking Changes in your mood and behaviour

2.5. CD4 count of a health person is 500-1200 cells/mm3

3. Ethical/Legal concequences

3.1. People living with HIV/AIDS are often confronted with legal and ethical issues concerning immigration, criminalization, confidentiality, employment equity and human rights issues.

3.2. Public healthy strategies for Canada

3.2.1. reduce the social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS

3.2.2. Contribute to global efforts against HIV/AIDS

3.2.3. Prevent new infections from occuring

3.2.4. slow the progression of the disease

3.2.5. improve quality of life

3.3. Global public health strategies

3.3.1. Reproductive Rights Reproductive and sexual rights are protected human rights, guaranteed under international conventions. Includes the right to health The right to determine the number and spacing of children The right to be protected from sexual violence

3.3.2. Discrimination Rights "Any measure entailing an arbitrary distinction among persons depending on their confirmed or suspected HIV serostatus or state of health" The right to be tested without discromination Fail to seek information about how to protect themselves from HIV infection, The right to work with the health care system together to avoid the potential personal, social, and economic consequences of an HIV/AIDS

3.3.3. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Pregnant woman should have the right to family planning services The right to be able to go to abortion services The right to go to parental counseling and care The right to professional delivery care, postpartum HIV counseling, and treatment for herself and her child.

3.4. Consequences of not disclosing information about AIDS due to Stigma

3.4.1. the disclosure decision-making process theoretically results from people weighing the pros and cons associated with disclosure

3.4.2. Women are concerned that their children might be unable to keep the diagnosis secret resulting in stigmatization and isolation for them

3.4.3. The level of understood stigma will be positively associated with reasons for non-disclosure and negatively associated with reasons for disclosure

3.5. Illegal actions using science/technology related to AIDS/HIV

3.5.1. Using the government information to create fake cures to steal money from HIV/AIDS+ person(s)

3.5.2. Using hospital equipment to do drugs and potentially pass AIDS/HIV to many other people by sharing certain items (ex. needles)

3.5.3. Acting as a HIV/AIDS + person to receive benefits from government including extra health care

4. Social Consequences

4.1. South Africa

4.1.1. Countries most effected by AIDS

4.1.2. 5,600,000 people infected

4.1.3. Highest number of people with AIDS

4.1.4. Not much education about AIDS

4.1.5. Condition getting worse due to bad education

4.2. Nigeria

4.2.1. 3,300,000 people infected

4.2.2. Second highest number of infections

4.2.3. Conditions getting worse

4.3. India

4.3.1. 2,400,000 people infected

4.3.2. Third highest number of infection

4.3.3. Conditions getting worse

4.4. United States

4.4.1. 1,200,000 of population infected

4.4.2. Eighth highest infected population

4.4.3. Conditions are slowly getting better due to many scientific break research and improved sexual education in schools systems and out

4.5. Canada

4.5.1. 68,000 of population infected Epidemics in Canada could cause major problems The small population of Canada could dangerously decrease due to deaths and immigrations

4.5.2. Forty Ninth on the list of highest infected

4.5.3. Infection lessening through time because More education on how to prevent AIDS/HIV and be safe Advancements in science Advanced protected to use during sexual intercourse to insure a higher percentage of safety for people

4.6. Attempting to make a difference

4.6.1. By educating the public of AIDS/HIV

4.6.2. Teaching the population about condoms and how to be safe

4.6.3. Making everyone aware will have safe sexual intercourse much more common

4.6.4. Introducing different types of protections

4.6.5. Condoms

4.6.6. Female condoms

4.6.7. Getting tested regularly

4.6.8. Abstinence

4.6.9. Using post-exposure prophylaxis if exposed to HIV in 72 hours Must be very careful, using too much can be very dangerous to health

4.7. Types of people effected by AIDS

4.7.1. LGBT men 42% of people living with HIV/AIDS

4.7.2. African women and men 35% living with HIV/AIDS

4.7.3. Caribbean men and women 1% living with HIV/AIDS

4.7.4. Prisoners/Drug users 2% living with HIV/AIDS

4.8. Stigmas and Discrimination that come with AIDS/HIV

4.8.1. Caused many abusive problems towards people with such infections being shunned by family, peers and the wider community poor treatment in healthcare and education settings

4.8.2. "Stigma remains the single most important barrier to public action. It is a main reason why too many people are afraid to see a doctor to determine whether they have the disease, or to seek treatment if so. It helps make AIDS the silent killer, because people fear the social disgrace of speaking about it, or taking easily available precautions. Stigma is a chief reason why the AIDS epidemic continues to devastate societies around the world."1

4.8.3. Government Stigma Discriminatory practices can alienate and exclude people living with HIV/AIDS

4.8.4. Healthcare Stigma being refused medicines or access to facilities Being made fun of by nurses and facility members

4.8.5. Travelling Stigmas As of October 2013, people living with HIV were subject to some sort of restriction on their travel and/or stay in 41 countries, territories and areas.

4.8.6. Community Stigmas Community reaction causes people with HIV/AIDS much pain may be forced to leave their home, or change their daily activities such as shopping, socializing or schooling.

4.8.7. Family stigmas HIV positive members of the family can find themselves stigmatised and discriminated against within the home women and non-heterosexual family members are more likely than children and men to be mistreated.

4.9. Groups for AIDS support

4.9.1. AIDS Committee of Toronto

4.9.2. Ontario AIDS Network

4.9.3. AIDS Hotline

4.9.4. Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange

4.9.5. HIV and AIDS Legal Aid Ontario

4.9.6. Teresa Group

4.9.7. More information at

5. Economic Consequences

5.1. HIV's Effect on the Economy

5.1.1. Cost of living increases for each infected person Canadian Aids Society states that the cost of living is 1.3 million dollars for each HIV infected person Medical bills need to be paid Canadian Health Care does not cover some of the medicines and treatment

5.1.2. Health Care costs at least $250 000 per infected person If they can't get the money, loans would need to be made Banks may benefit from this (interest etc)

5.1.3. Cost of treatments results in loss of productivity for the economy More people getting HIV/AIDS means that they would be looking for jobs with benefits More expensive for companies and business since they have to take care of employees Once you reach the point of having AIDS, you would have to leave your job Unable to work Less people working means less things being done

5.2. Workforce

5.2.1. Living with HIV/AIDS You may eventually have to leave the workforce You will be unfit and unstable to work If you have a very severe case, symptoms may be enhanced You cannot be productive at work with headaches, nausea etc

5.2.2. A higher demand for caregivers and government assistance (financially) Once you withdraw from the workforce due to health issues, you have 0 source of income Family members would need to support you May need financial aid If no one is taking care of you, you will have no food etc HIV infected people without a job would need a caregiver

5.2.3. Benefits for Healthy Workers Once an HIV+ person has to leave their job, they will be replaced Gives an open job position for someone who is looking for a job Companies need to keep productivity going, so they will hire other people We would need more scientists, researchers and volunteers Volunteer caregivers and people to spread awareness of HIV/AIDS Our society insists on finding a cure and vaccine

5.3. Consequences

5.3.1. An HIV+ person will eventually become unemployed Unstable condition so they cannot work

5.3.2. Although it's unfair, it will be harder for an infected person to find a job Healthy people with the same qualifications as someone with AIDS are more likely to get the job

5.3.3. High medical bill Lots of money being spent on your treatment Lots of money being spent on your medication and therapy

5.3.4. Society will complain Lots of money being spent on research and lots of donations Still no vaccine or cure for HIV or AIDS

5.3.5. As the epidemic grows, there will be more HIV+ people in the younger age group Kids are starting to become more sexually active More prone to using a condom incorrectly Multiple sex partners Kids are starting to use drugs Unaware that sharing needles can spread HIV

5.3.6. Companies need to replace the people who left because they got to sick Have to resort to hiring younger people to fill the job Less skills and experience Have to hire older people for the job More skills and more experience

6. Personal Consequences

6.1. Short Term

6.1.1. Side effects of your medication and treatments Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, headaches, rashes, insomnia, vivid dreams etc Will occur for a short period of time but will eventually go away Several weeks for side effects and symptoms to decrease

6.1.2. An HIV+ person will have to adapt quickly To having a weaker immune system Can get sick quickly and easily Different routines Medication times, treatment appointments, sexual precautions etc

6.2. Long Term

6.2.1. Relationship issues Family, friends, co-workers, society in general They either accept you or judge and lecture you for 'not being careful enough' If you are HIV+ and your partner is not, s/he may leave you S/he is at risk of getting a disease if s/he has intercourse with you

6.2.2. People with HIV eventually get AIDS May take up to 10 years, but is bound to happen Final and most severe stage of HIV

6.2.3. Depression People with AIDS/HIV are twice as likely to have suicidal thoughts People constantly judging you Uneducated about AIDS/HIV thus believe in myths Hard for you to be accepted by society and even family

6.2.4. Although medication can help the infected person live a long + healthy life, not as long as it could be Death can cause severe emotional stress and trauma to your loved ones

6.3. Personal Actions to Reduce the Chance of Getting HIV/AIDS

6.3.1. sexual ways to reduce your chances abstinence (not having sex) reduces the chance of getting a sexually transmitted disease Using protection Use a condom correctly especially if you don't know the medical history of your partner Limiting the number of your sex partners Remain faithful in your relationship :)

6.3.2. If you are pregnant & HIV+, visit your doctor Take medication to reduce your baby's risk of getting HIV DO NOT breast feed your child

6.3.3. Refrain from using drugs If you do use drugs, be careful Do not share needles Use clean needles and syringes

6.3.4. Get educated about HIV Go to seminars, public events Research

6.4. Personal Actions to Increase Public Awareness for AIDS

6.4.1. Volunteer as a caregiver Tell your family and friends about what you know Helps to educate others about the disease

6.4.2. Join Student Council at your school Create posters about the facts vs. myths about AIDS/HIV Give advice on how to prevent the disease

6.4.3. Create a video documenting the life of an HIV+ person Showing that s/he is a regular person, with an unlucky disease Still has emotions, feelings, wants and needs They just have things that they need to be more cautious about Educates people about HIV/AIDS so that they do not judge as harshly or as much

6.4.4. Invite your family and friends to campaigns or public events about HIV/AIDS

6.4.5. If someone is being bullied for having HIV/AIDS stand up for them Don't be a bystander If you don't stand up for them, they be become depressed Te;; a trusted adult We learned about standing up for someone in GLS (grade 9)