Heredity

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Heredity by Mind Map: Heredity

1. DNA

1.1. Double Helix

1.1.1. Adenine

1.1.2. Guanine

1.1.3. Thymine

1.1.4. Cytosine

1.2. Genes

1.2.1. Alleles

1.2.1.1. Heterozygous

1.2.1.2. Homozygous

1.2.1.3. Recessive

1.2.1.4. Dominant

1.2.2. Genotype

1.2.2.1. Genetic code

1.2.3. Phenotype

1.2.3.1. Physical observable traits

2. Gregor Mendel

2.1. Pea Plants

2.2. Mendel's Laws

2.2.1. 1. Principal of Segregation

2.2.2. 2. Principal of Independent Assortment

2.3. The Punnett Square

3. Human Genome Project

3.1. Published 2003

3.2. 20,500 genes

3.3. DNA Sequencing

3.4. Electrophoresis

4. Cell Division

4.1. Meiosis

4.1.1. Cell division resulting in four daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell

4.2. Mitosis

4.2.1. Chromosomes are separated from a nucleus into two identical sets of chromosomes each into their own nucleus

5. Chromosomes

5.1. 23 pairs for a total of 46

5.2. Centromeres

6. Mendelian Inheritance

6.1. Hybridization

6.2. True Breeding

7. Sex Chromosomes

7.1. X Chrmomosome

7.2. Y Chromosome

7.3. Autosome

7.4. Female: XX

7.5. Male: XY

8. Inheritance

8.1. Maternal Inheritance

8.1.1. Organelles in the offspring cell derive from the mother

8.2. Paternal Inheritance

8.2.1. Organelles in the offspring cell derive from the father

8.3. Biparental Inheritance

8.3.1. Organelles in the offspring cell

9. Genetic Linkage

9.1. Recombinant

9.1.1. Results from the crossing over of genes on the same chromosome

9.2. NonRecombinant

9.2.1. Has the same configuration of alleles as one of the parental chromosomes

10. Genetic Variation

10.1. Species

10.2. Gene Pool

10.3. Populations

11. Mutations

11.1. Deleterious

11.1.1. Harmful

11.2. Neutral

11.2.1. No effect

11.3. Advantageous

11.3.1. Helpful

12. Complex Traits

12.1. High Blood Pressure

12.2. Obesity

12.3. Diabetes

12.4. Depression

13. Non-Inherited Mutations

13.1. BRCA1 Gene

13.2. URE3